The Iranian History 2011 AD


Iran Air Crash Kills 77

Jan, 9, 2011 AD

Tehran Mehrabad Airport Iran Air Boeing 727 EP-IRR preparing for flight on June, 15 2010 similar to the aircraft involved in the acciden near Urmia Airport, West Azarbaijan province on January 9, 2011. 77 of the 105 aboard died.Iran Air Flight 277 was a passenger flight which crashed near Urmia Airport, West Azarbaijan province, Iran, on January 9, 2011. 77 of the 105 aboard died. The aircraft involved, a Boeing 727-286 Advanced, was operating Iran Air's scheduled domestic service from Mehrabad International Airport, Tehran, to Urmia. It crashed after a go-around was initiated during final approach, in poor weather conditions.
The aircraft involved in the accident was a Boeing 727, registration EP–IRP, built in 1974. The aircraft had spent a long time out of service. It was impounded at Baghdad, Iraq from 1984 to 1990, and then placed in storage from 1991 to 2002. It was then overhauled and returned to service.
The flight was travelling between Tehran and Urmia and crashed on final approach near Urmia Airport. The accident occurred at around 19:45 local time, and was reportedly caused by poor weather. The aircraft had missed its first attempt at landing; it either crashed during a go-around, or while attempting to return to Tehran. The weather conditions at the time of the accident included snow and low visibility. Upon impact, the aircraft broke into multiple pieces, though without fire or explosions. There were differing initial reports as to the type of aircraft that crashed, with either a Fokker 100 or a Boeing 727 claimed to have crashed, although the aircraft was later confirmed to be a Boeing 727.
Initial reports of the number of people on board were unclear. RIA–Novosti reported 95 passengers were on the aircraft, Reuters reported 156 passengers, and the Associated Press claimed 105 passengers. Later reports put the total at either 105 or 106 people on board, with between 10 and 12 crew and either 95 or 94 passengers. The Iran Civil Aviation Organization stated the day after the crash that a total of 93 passengers and 12 crew members were on board, according to the manifest of the flight.
At least 77 people were killed and 26 were injured. Rescue efforts were complicated by heavy snow in the area. A local official stated that problem at the moment for rescue work was the heavy snow, which he said was around 70 cm deep at the site of the crash. In the aftermath of the crash, 36 ambulances and 11 hospitals were utilized in the rescue operations.
Iran ordered an inquiry into the crash. A day after the accident, searchers at the location had obtained both the flight's cockpit voice recorder and the flight data recorder. Iran's Transport Ministry stated that the investigation will comprise several working groups which will include specialists in various areas, including aircraft structure, engine parameter recordings and pilot operations. The investigation will be overseen by the Iran Civil Aviation Organization. The flight data recorder and cockpit voice recorder were taken to Tehran for analysis. (Updated: Feb, 25, 2012)

Iran Builds Space Labs

Jan, 30, 2011 AD

Tehran University students unveiled the new version of humanoid robot Surena 2 during a ceremony. President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is getting information on the technical characteristics of Mr. Surena which looks like Japanese Asimo.(FNA) - Iranian Defense Minister Brigadier General Ahmad Vahidi announced on Sunday that Iran has constructed 10 space test laboratories to strengthen the infrastructures of the country's space industry and help improve the abilities of human resources.
The labs were inaugurated by Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad ahead of the Daheh Fajr (February 1-10) celebrations marking the victory of the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
Planning and setting up the laboratories is in continuation of firm steps taken by Iranian experts in putting domestically-built satellites into orbit, Vahidi said during the inauguration ceremony of the laboratories.
He also noted that Iran is expected to unveil other space projects in the near future.
Iran announced earlier this month that it plans to launch another home-made satellite called Fajr into space by late March 2011.
Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad had also earlier announced that the country plans to send a home-made measurement satellite into orbit in the near future.
Ahmadinejad further noted Iran's plans for sending astronauts into space in 2024, and said that the issue has gone under a second study at a recent cabinet meeting and that the cabinet has decided to implement the plan in 2019, five years earlier than the date envisaged in the original plan.
Iran has recently taken wide strides in aerospace. The country sent the first biocapsule of living creatures into space in February, using its home-made Kavoshgar-3 carrier.
Omid was Iran's first research satellite that was designed for gathering information and testing equipment. After orbiting for three months, Omid successfully completed its mission without any problem. It completed more than 700 orbits over seven weeks and reentered the Earth's atmosphere on April 25, 2009.
After launching Omid, Tehran unveiled three new satellites called Tolou, Mesbah-2 and Navid, respectively. Iran has also unveiled its latest achievements in designing and producing satellite carriers very recently.
A new generation of home-made satellites and a new satellite carrier called Simorgh were among the latest achievements unveiled by Iran's aerospace industries.
The milk-bottle shaped rocket is equipped to carry a 60kg satellite 500km into orbit.
The 27-meter tall multi-stage rocket weighs 85 tons and its liquid fuel propulsion system has a thrust of up to 143 tons.
Iran is one of the 24 founding members of the United Nations' Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS), which was set up in 1959. (Updated: Jan, 26, 2012)

Iran, Turkey Sign Trade Pact

Feb, 6, 2011 AD

IRI leader Ayatollah Khamenei meets Turkish prime minister Rajab Tayeb Erdogan on Oct, 28, 2009.(CNN) - Iran and Turkey signed a trade pact Sunday Feb, 6, 2011, one which Tehran said could be worth $30 billion over five years and signaled even stronger ties between the two nations.
Both nations' leaders touted the agreement as something that could provide huge mutual economic benefit, according to their respective state media. Tehran, especially, played up the deal as evidence of a new era in relations.
"Iran and Turkey are two countries that complete each other," Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi said, according to Turkey's official Anadolu News Agency.
The agreement capped the nations' 22nd annual joint economic meeting, evidence that Tehran and Ankara have a long working relationship. Still, it comes amid Iran's nuclear tensions with the United States -- a staunch ally of Turkey.
In an account from Iran's official IRNA news agency, Salehi said the agreement and other recent moves indicate that Turkey is committed to bolstering its ties with Middle Eastern nations.
"Ankara is strengthening its relations with its neighboring countries, particularly the Islamic republic of Iran," Salehi said.
The Iranian foreign minister further proposed an even greater union to advance both nations' interests, according to Press TV, Iranian state media.
Turkish State Minister Cevdet Yilmaz noted that trade between his nation and Iran has risen from $1 billion to $10.7 billion in the past decade. Still, he said that it could go even further, with Sunday's pact to ratchet down protectionist measures and promote cooperation potentially instrumental to that cause.
Also Sunday, Turkish Premier Recep Tayyip Erdogan met with the head of Syria, another U.S. nemesis, according to reports from state media in both nations.
In an official statement published on Syria's state-run SANA News Agency, President Bashar Al Assad said that he and his Turkish counterpart "stressed the importance of continuing work and coordination by the two countries through high-level transparent dialogue."
In a speech marking the laying of the cornerstone of the Friendship Dam, along the nation's border with Syria, Erdogan said that Turkey wanted peace, stability and prosperity, according to an Anadolu report. (Updated: Jan, 31, 2012)

Iran-Oman Stage Naval Exercise

Feb, 7, 2011 AD

Iranian Navy Warships and Submarines patrol the strategic Strait of Hormoz which connects Gulf of Oman to the Persian Gulf on Dec. 28, 2011. This stretch of water is of obvious military and economic significance to the world.(FNA) - Iran and Oman staged their second joint naval exercise in the Gulf of Oman as the two countries' senior military officials started their meeting in the Omani capital city of Masqat.
Iranian navy fleet was dispatched to the Gulf of Oman to take part in the relief operations drills with Oman.
The Iranian navy displayed its military maneuver capabilities in the Gulf of Oman on Sunday morning.
The joint naval exercise came as the 9th session of Iran-Oman joint military committee is underway in Masqat.
Iran and Oman have expanded cooperation in a variety of areas such as economy and defense since Iran's President Ahmadinejad took office in 2005.
Later in August 2010, Iran and Oman signed an agreement to further boost mutual cooperation in the field of defense.
The document was signed by visiting Iranian Defense Minister Brigadier General Ahmad Vahidi and his Omani counterpart Mr. Badr bin Saud in a meeting in Masqat.
According to the document, the two sides agreed to expand and deepen defensive ties and stressed that such cooperation would help further boost lasting peace and security in the region.
The two countries also agreed on exchange of defense delegations and facilitated implementation of the agreements held by Iran-Oman military friendship committees.
They also agreed to pave the ground for holding joint military war games.
In December, the Iranian parliament approved a bill that allows Tehran to implement an agreement on security cooperation and coordination with Oman. (Updated: Jan, 30, 2012)

Mamloo Dam Inaugurated Near Tehran

Feb, 9, 2011 AD

In Dec, 2011 the Mamloo Dam which is located 45 kilometers east of the capital Tehran almost reached its capacity of 250mln cubic meters of water and the project was in its final phases to supply drinking water to fast growing population of Tehran.(FNA)- Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad attended an official ceremony on Wednesday morning to inaugurate the Mamloo Dam in Eastern Tehran, which has cost the country nearly $1.6mln with a crest length of 807m and height of 89m on the Jajrood River.
The ceremony was also attended by the Iranian Energy Minister Majid Namjoo.
Addressing the participants in the ceremony, the Iranian president called for appropriate use of water resources across the country, particularly among governmental organizations.
The new dam, which is located 45 kilometers east of the capital Tehran, will reportedly create 30,000 job opportunities as soon as it becomes operational.
The Mamloo Dam is set to provide water for agricultural purposes in southern towns of Pakdasht and Varamin in Tehran province and drinking water for more than one million people in Southern Tehran.
The construction of Mamloo project began in 2002 and became operational for agriculture in 2008.
On Dec, 26, 2011, officials announced that the Mamloo Dam almost reached its capacity of 250mln cubic meters of water and the project was in its final phases. The Mamloo Dam is supposed to supply drinking water to fast growing population of Metropolitan Tehran. (Updated: Jan, 31, 2012)

Iran Names New Nuclear Agency Chief

Feb, 13, 2011 AD

Istanbul/Turkey Jan, 21, 2011: Iran's Chief Nuclear negotiator Saeed Jalili meets European Union Foreign Policy Chief Catherine Ashton. Iran is a signatory of NPT and seeks justice, development and international peace and security during negotiations.(CNN) -- Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on Sunday appointed Fereydoun Abbasi -- who survived an assassination attempt late last year -- as the new head of the country's Atomic Energy Organization, the state-run Press TV reported.
Abbasi, a professor at Shahid Beheshti University in Tehran, replaces Ali Akbar Salehi, who was appointed as foreign minister last month, Press TV reported. Ahmadinejad cited Abbasi's "commitment and past scientific and executive record," in his announcement.
In November of last year, Abbasi and fellow professor, Majid Shahriari, were attacked in separate car bombings. Shahriari was killed, but Abbasi and his wife sustained injuries and were hospitalized, Press TV reported.
Abbasi will oversee a nuclear program that has drawn criticism from hostile countries.
Most recently, the European Union's top diplomat expressed disappointment in January at the conclusion of two days of talks with Iran about the nuclear program, saying the six countries she represented refused to accept preconditions demanded by Tehran's delegation.
The five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council -- Russia, China, France, the United States, and Britain -- and Germany, referred to as the P5+1, came to the negotiating table with an updated proposal for a nuclear fuel swap for Tehran's research reactor, Catherine Ashton said.
Two prior nuclear fuel swap deals have collapsed after previous rounds of negotiations. (Updated: Feb, 14, 2012)

Ashtiani Stoning: German Journalists Freed

Feb, 20, 2011 AD

A painting depicts Stoning to death in Qajar era, a form of brutal capital punishment for Adultery from Middle Ages.(AFP) - Two journalists who were detained by Iran last year have arrived back in Germany after being freed.
Marcus Hellwig and Jens Koch, from Germany's Bild Newspaper, were held while interviewing the son of Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani, the woman sentenced to death by stoning for adultery.
Germany's foreign minister travelled to Tehran on Saturday to bring them home.
Earlier, a court commuted the 20-month jail term imposed on the journalists to a fine, which has been paid.
"I am very happy that Marcus Hellwig and Jens Koch are finally able to return to us in Germany as free people," German Chancellor Angela Merkel told Bild newspaper.
'Listened and cried'
Mr Koch's father, Andreas Hartmann, told the newspaper he was overjoyed.
"I think I did not say anything on the telephone, I just listened and cried uncontrollably," he said, according to AFP news agency.
Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani held on death row in Tabriz, East Azerbaijan since 2006 is 43 years old; and has two children
May 2006: 99 lashes for "illicit relationship" with two men following the death of her husband
September 2006: Case re-opened during trial of a man accused of murdering her husband; convicted of "adultery while married"; sentenced to death by stoning despite retracting a confession
July, 8 2010: Iran suspends stoning sentence, says case will be reviewed
July, 24: One of her lawyers flees Iran
August, 7: Guardian publishes her statement that she was never convicted on murder charge
Iran stoning decision 'not final'
On Saturday, Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle travelled to Iran, the first trip by a German foreign minister to the country since 2003.
Mr Westerwelle met with his counterpart Ali Akbar Salehi and President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad during the visit.
He told reporters in Berlin that he hoped Mr Koch and Mr Hellwig could "quickly return to a normal life".
On Saturday, state media said the reporters were found guilty of committing acts against Iran's national security.

Quoting a judiciary statement, ISNA agency said trial hearings were held for the two men and that, after "examining the accusation of acting against national security, they were sentenced to a 20-month jail term".
It added: "But because of their special situation and it is clear that they were used by one of the others accused in this case, it was felt that they deserved Islamic compassion and commuting of the sentence... from 20 months in prison to 500 million Rials (about $50,000, £31,000) fine for each."
Stoning case
Tehran said the Germans had entered the country illegally, on tourist visas, and did not obtain the accreditation required for journalists.
The journalists were held for four months
More than 100 prominent Germans had signed an open letter to the Iranian government calling for their release.
Ms Ashtiani, 43, was convicted in 2006 of adultery and sentenced to death by stoning, sparking international condemnation.
Her sentence has since been commuted but she could still be hanged for her husband's murder.
Last year, Ms Ashtiani was filmed confessing to her part in the murder and taking part in a re-enactment, which was shown on Iranian TV.
However, campaigners have cast doubt on the validity of her confession. (Updated: Feb, 14, 2012)

Iran warships sail via Suez Canal

Feb, 22, 2011 AD

IRI Navy announces production of home made Jamkaran Destroyer which is the biggest of its kind in Iran. A surface to surface guided Missile is launched successfully. Iran is the only country in the Persian Gulf that has independent naval forces.(BBC) - Iran warships sail via Suez Canal amid Israeli concern. The Iranian supply vessel and Iranian frigate are the first to go through the Suez Canal since 1979
Two Iranian warships have sailed through the Suez Canal to the Mediterranean Sea, canal officials say.
Iranian officials have said the warships are heading to Syria for training, a mission Israel has described as a "provocation".
The ships exited the canal at 1330 GMT, a canal authority source told Reuters.
It is believed to be the first time since Iran's 1979 Islamic Revolution that Iranian warships have passed through the waterway.
The Iranian vessels entered the canal at 0545 local time (0345 GMT) and passed into the Mediterranean at 1530 (1330 GMT)," the source at the canal authority told Reuters.
"Their return is expected to be on 3 March," the source added.
Diplomatic significance
Iran's request stated the vessels would have no military equipment, nuclear materials or chemicals on board; the Egyptian defence ministry is quoted as saying.
A Suez Canal official said earlier Egypt could only have denied transit through the strategic waterway in case of war.
But the significance of the deployment is entirely diplomatic, says the BBC's diplomatic correspondent Jonathan Marcus.
He says the two Iranian vessels do not represent any significant threat to either the Israeli navy or US vessels in the Mediterranean.
The passage of two Iranian naval vessels through the Suez Canal represents yet another clear sign of Tehran's widening strategic horizons. And for Israel and its main ally - the US - it sends multiple signals.
It underscores that if a significant number of Western warships can operate in the Persian Gulf - what Iran sees as its maritime backyard, and then Iran too can deploy vessels to the Mediterranean - what NATO countries would regard as their maritime backyard.
The Iranian ships are to be based at a Syrian port, thus solidifying and symbolizing the close ties between Damascus and Tehran.
And coming at a time of significant turmoil in the region, the deployment illustrates that Iran is eager to secure its widening strategic interests. If this annoys the Israelis or the Americans, then so much the better.
Iran's unprecedented Suez transit
The ships involved are the Alvand - thought to be a British-built Vosper Mark 5 class frigate - and a supply vessel, the Kharg, also British-built.
The Alvand, a missile-carrying frigate, was launched in 1968. It is an impressive vessel by the standards of the Iranian navy, but no match for comparable Western warships nor the sophisticated missile boats of the Israeli navy, our correspondent says.
What is clear is that this deployment is not a direct response to the current upheavals in the Middle East, he adds.
Iran's semi-official Fars news agency reported in January that Iranian navy cadets were going on a year-long training mission through Suez and into the Mediterranean - well before the protests that have swept the leaders of Tunisia and Egypt from power.
But coming in the wake of these political changes the Iranian deployment will be seen by the Israeli in particular as even more destabilizing, our correspondent says.
Israel considers Iran a threat because of its controversial nuclear program, development of ballistic missiles, support for Lebanese and Palestinian militant groups, and Tehran's repeated anti-Israel rhetoric.
Last week, Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman said: "To my regret, the international community is not showing readiness to deal with the recurring Iranian provocations.
"The international community must understand that Israel cannot forever ignore these provocations." (Updated: Feb, 26, 2012)

Amnesty International Condemns Iran Executions

Apr, 27, 2011 AD

Public Execution by Hanging in the holy city of Mashhad. Two young men were convicted with rape.On April 27, 2011, human rights group Amnesty International condemned the sharp rise in the rate of public executions in Iran.(Wikipedia) - In 2011, Iran is on course for a record year in executions. In 2010, according to Amnesty International, 253 people were executed, though an additional 300 people are also believed to have been killed. In the first six months of 2011, according to Amnesty, Iran has acknowledged the execution of 190 people but at least 130 others have also been reported to have been executed. That is an average of almost two executions a day. Other Human Rights groups place the execution count even higher.
By the end of November, Amnesty reported that at least 600 people had been executed in Iran.
By January 16, 2011, the Iranian government had reportedly executed 47 people since the New Year; an average of about three people a day. The International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran decried the hangings as "an execution binge orchestrated by the intelligence and security agencies."
By the end of the month, the United Nations reported that Iran had executed at least 66 people, including three known to be political dissidents. According to the UN, executions are running at triple the rate of the previous year when about 18 to 25 people were executed a month. The UN estimates about 300 executions occurred in Iran in 2010. Navi Pillay, the High Commissioner for Human Rights, stated, "We have urged Iran, time and time again, to halt executions... I am very dismayed that instead of heeding our calls, the Iranian authorities appear to have stepped up the use of the death penalty... I call upon Iran to establish a moratorium on executions with a view to abolishing the death penalty." At the time, Iran's foreign ministry spokesman Ramin Mehmanparast blasted the West for condemning Iran's executions. He said that 80 percent of those hanged were drug smugglers and stated, "If Iran does not combat drugs, Europe and the West will be hurt."
Iranian opposition leaders Mir Hossein Mousavi and Mehdi Karroubi, as well as commentators assert that the Iranian regime has stepped up executions in a bid to intimidate and silence the Iranian opposition from taking to the streets like in the 2009–2010 Iranian election protests.
In May 2011, Mohammad Javad Larijani, head of Iran's High Council for Human Rights, threatened to allow the transit of illegal drugs through Iranian territory to Europe if the West continued to criticize the Iranian government for its practice of executing drug traffickers. Larijani stated that ceasing the practice would reduce the overall number of executions in Iran by 74 percent "but the way will be paved for the smuggling of narcotics to Europe." Rise in execution rate in Iran increased sharply after his brother Sheikh Sadegh Larijani became the head of Iranian judiciary in 2009 after his predecessor Ayatollah Shahroudi refrained from ordering executions.
In December 2011, Amnesty International reported that 600 people had been executed in Iran through the end of November, with 488 of the executions carried out for alleged drug offenses. Amnesty warned of a "new wave of drug offense executions" based on its figures that showed a threefold increase in drug-related executions from 2009. The report said that Afghan nationals were particularly at risk for drug offense, with as many as 4,000 Afghans on death row in Iran.
On April 27, 2011, human rights group Amnesty International condemned the sharp rise in the rate of public executions in Iran this year. By that date, Amnesty reported as many as 13 had been hanged in public, compared to 14 in all of 2010. The figure also included the first executions of juvenile offenders in the world for the 2011 calendar year. An Amnesty official stated, "It is deeply disturbing that despite a moratorium on public executions ordered in 2008, the Iranian authorities are once again seeking to intimidate people by such spectacles which not only dehumanize the victim, but brutalize those who witness it."
Earlier, on April 21, 2011, the Norwegian Foreign Minister also condemned Iran's increase in public executions. He stated, "The increased number of public executions using brutal methods such as suffocation by being hoisted up by a crane are particularly grotesque and not worthy of a modern society." Norwegian research had shown 15 public executions in 2011, as compared to 19 in 2010.
In response to the Iranian regime's spate of public executions, in March 2011 United Against Nuclear Iran (UANI) launched its "Cranes Campaign," with the goal of pressuring crane manufacturers worldwide to end their business in Iran in order to prevent the use of their equipment for such violent ends. Through its campaign, UANI has succeeded in pressuring Terex (USA), Tadano (Japan), Liebherr, UNIC (Japan), and Konecranes (Finland) to end their business in Iran. Tadano and UNIC, both of Japan, ended their Iran sales after UANI presented graphic photographic evidence of their cranes being used in public executions in the country.
An interim report on human rights in Iran released in October 2011 by Ahmed Shaheed, the UN special reporter on the human rights situation in Iran, revealed that secret executions have been taking place in Vakilabad Prison in Mashhad in eastern Iran. According to Shaheed, Iranian authorities conducted 300 secret executions in Vakilabad in 2010 and another 146 executions as of the report's publication in 2011.
January 24, 2011: Iran executed political prisoners Jafar Kazemi and Mohammad Ali Hajaghayi for allegedly taking photos and footage of the Iranian election protests as well as chanting slogans promoting the MKO, a banned opposition group aka PMOI.
January 29, 2011: Iran executed dual Dutch-Iranian citizen Zahra Bahrami on disputed drug trafficking charges. Iranian authorities initially arrested her for her participation in the December 2009 Ashura protests. In protest of her execution, the Dutch foreign ministry decided to freeze all contacts with Iran, and later recalled the ambassador. (Updated: Mar, 20, 2012)

Iran Ships Iran-Kashan

Sep, 11, 2011 AD

Iran-Arak first Iran-made container Ship Hormozgan Aug, 20 2009(Wikipedia) - On Sept 11, 2011 Iran Shipbuilding & Offshore Industries Complex launched a third ship named "Iran-Kashan" after successfully delivering previous two orders to Iran Shipping Lines, namely: Iran-Shahr-e Kord which was identical to Iran-Arak.
Iran Shipbuilding & Offshore Industries Complex Co (ISOICO) is an Iranian ship yard, located in the Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz west of Bandar Abbas City, active as shipbuilder and ship-repairer of different types of vessels and offshore structures. ISOICO is a subsidiary of IDRO.
In October 2006, a new company has been established in the southern port city of Bandar Abbas to repair various types of ocean liners. According to ISNA, the Bandar Abbas Pars Ship Repairing Company has been formed jointly by IRISL and ISOICO. The plant has the capacity to carry out maintenance works on large vessels with 500,000-ton capacity.
ISOICO has produced Iran's first ocean liner ship named "Iran-Arak". It was launched in Hormozgan southern city port in 2009. It weighs over 7000 tons and is able to carry over 30,000 tons of cargo or 2,200 TEU. Iran-Arak can accelerate to 32 knots (59.3 km/h) and is able to sail 25 days non-stop. The vessel, which has cost $50 million to construct, is 185 meters long, 30 meters wide, has 10 meters of draft and uses more than 16.7 MW to reach 21.5 knots (39.8 km/h).
ISOICO shipyard is capable of constructing any type of vessel up to about 4 x 80,000 DWT per year on its existing building berths mainly bulk carrier, containership and oil product carrier using advance technology, afterwards the constructing capability will increase for the vessel up to about 2 x 300,000 DWT VLCC or 2 x 140,000 m3 LNG carrier per year in addition to the existing capacity.
Over the next two decades, Iran would need 500 new ships, including 120 oil tankers, 40 liquefied natural gas (LNG) carriers and over 300 commercial vessels. In 2009, in a move aimed at further enhancing Iran's shipbuilding industry, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said he will ban the purchase of foreign ships by Iranian organizations. The Ministry of Commerce has confirmed that Iran is able to build all its needed sea fleets inside the country.
In 2012, Iranian lawmakers of Majlis (parliament) were planning to ask the government to equip Iranian naval and research fleet with non-fossil fuel.
Despite trade sanctions, Iranian industries are enjoying an increasing foreign capital investment mostly because of competitive price advantages of Iranian products. (Updated: Jul, 19, 2012)

Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant Operational

Sep, 12, 2011 AD

Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant is a nuclear power plant in Iran 17 kilometres  south-east of the city of Bushehr, between the fishing villages of Halileh and Bandargeh along the Persian Gulf. The plant is located at the junction of three tectonic plates.(Wikipedia) - Iran's first nuclear power plant, Bushehr I reactor was complete and officially opened on September, 12 2011.
The nuclear program of Iran was launched in the 1950s with the help of the United States as part of the Atoms for Peace program. The participation of the United States and Western European governments in Iran's nuclear program continued until the 1979 Iranian Revolution that toppled the Shah of Iran.
After the 1979 revolution, the clandestine research program was disbanded by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, who had serious religious reservations about nuclear weapons, which he considered evil in terms of Muslim jurisprudence. Small scale research restarted during the Iran–Iraq War, and underwent significant expansion after the Ayatollah's death in 1989. Iran's nuclear program has included several research sites, two uranium mines, a research reactor, and uranium processing facilities that include three known uranium enrichment plants.
Iran has announced that it is working on a new 360 MW nuclear power plant to be located in Darkhovin. Iran has also indicated that it will seek more medium-sized nuclear power plants and uranium mines in the future.
The controversy over Iran's nuclear programs centers in particular on western hypocrisy. Iran's nuclear program is peaceful, and has enriched uranium to less than 5%, consistent with fuel for a civilian nuclear power plant. Iran was forced to resort to secrecy after US pressure caused several of its nuclear contracts with foreign governments to fall through.
Although there is no reported evidence of links to a nuclear weapons program, the IAEA Board of Governors delayed a formal finding of non-compliance until September 2005, and reported that non-compliance to the UN Security Council in February 2006. After the IAEA Board of Governors reported Iran's noncompliance with its safeguards agreement to the United Nations Security Council, the Council demanded that Iran suspend its enrichment programs. The Council imposed sanctions after Iran refused to do so.
After UN Security Council sanctions, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad argued that the sanctions were illegally imposed by arrogant powers.
Iran has consistently refused to give up its enrichment program, arguing that the program is necessary for its energy security, that such "long term arrangements" are inherently unreliable, and would deprive it of its inalienable right to peaceful nuclear technology. Iran's position was endorsed by the Non-Aligned Movement, which expressed concern about the potential monopolization of nuclear fuel production.
To address concerns that its enrichment program may be diverted to non-peaceful uses, Iran has offered to place additional restrictions on its enrichment program including, for example, ratifying the Additional Protocol to allow more stringent inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency, operating the uranium enrichment facility at Natanz as a multinational fuel center with the participation of foreign representatives, renouncing plutonium reprocessing and immediately fabricating all enriched uranium into reactor fuel rods.
U.S. intelligence agency officials interviewed by The New York Times in March 2012 said they continued to assess that Iran had not restarted a weapon program.
The UN Security Council has passed seven resolutions on Iran:
Resolution 1696 (31 July 2006) demanded that Iran suspend its uranium enrichment activities, invoking Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter to make that demand legally binding on Iran.
Resolution 1737 (23 December 2006) imposed sanctions after Iran refused to suspend its enrichment activities, cutting off nuclear cooperation, demanding that Iran cooperate with the IAEA, and freezing the assets of a number of persons and organizations linked to Iran's nuclear and missile programs. It established a committee to monitor sanctions implementation.
Resolution 1747 (24 March 2007) expanded the list of sanctioned Iranian entities and welcomed the proposal by the permanent five members of the Security Council plus Germany for resolving issues regarding Iran's nuclear program.
In resolution 1803 (3 March 2008), the Council decided to extend those sanctions to additional persons and entities, impose travel restrictions on sanctioned persons, and bar exports of nuclear- and missile-related dual-use goods to Iran.
Resolution 1835 (27 September 2008) reaffirmed the preceding four resolutions, the only one of the seven not to invoke Chapter VII.
Resolution 1929 (9 June 2010) imposed a complete arms embargo on Iran, banned Iran from any activities related to ballistic missiles, authorized the inspection and seizure of shipments violating these restrictions, and extended the asset freeze to the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines (IRISL). The resolution passed by a vote of 12–2, with Turkey and Brazil voting against and Lebanon abstaining. A number of countries imposed measures to implement and extend these sanctions, including the United States, the European Union, Australia, Canada, Japan, Norway, South Korea, and Russia.
Resolution 1984 (8 June 2011) extended for a further 12 months the mandate of the Panel of Experts established by Resolution 1929.
The IAEA remains unable to draw a conclusion on whether Iran has a secret nuclear weapons program. It normally draws conclusions about the absence of undeclared nuclear activities only in countries that have an Additional Protocol in force. Iran ceased its voluntary and non-legally binding implementation of the Additional Protocol and all other voluntary cooperation with the IAEA beyond that required under its safeguards agreement after the IAEA Board of Governors decided to report its safeguards non-compliance to the UN Security Council in February 2006.
Iran has maintained that the Security Council's engagement in "the issue of the peaceful nuclear activities of the Islamic Republic of Iran" is unlawful and malicious. In its Safeguards Statement for 2007, the IAEA found no indication of undeclared nuclear material or activities in 47 of 82 states that had both NPT safeguards agreements and Additional Protocols in force, while it was unable to draw similar conclusions in 25 other states. In August 2007, Iran and the IAEA entered into an agreement on the modalities for resolving remaining outstanding issues, and made progress in outstanding issues.
Iran says it did not address the alleged studies in the IAEA work plan because they were not included in the plan. The IAEA has not detected the actual use of nuclear material in connection with the alleged studies and says it regrets it is unable to provide Iran with copies of the documentation concerning the alleged studies, but says the documentation is comprehensive and detailed so that it needs to be taken seriously. Iran says the allegations are based on "forged" documents and "fabricated" data, and that it has not received copies of the documentation to enable it to prove that they were forged and fabricated.
In February 2007, anonymous diplomats at the atomic energy agency reportedly complained that most U.S. intelligence shared with the IAEA had proved inaccurate, and none had led to significant discoveries inside Iran.
On 10 May 2007, Iran and the IAEA vehemently denied reports that Iran had blocked IAEA inspectors when they sought access to the Iran's enrichment facility.
Interviews and surveys show that the majority of Iranians in all groups favor their country's nuclear program. Polls in 2008 showed that the vast majority of Iranians want their country to develop nuclear energy, and 90% of Iranians believe it is important (including 81% very important) for Iran "to have a full fuel cycle nuclear program."
Iran has consistently supported the creation of a nuclear-weapons free zone in the Mideast. In 1974, as concerns in the region grew over Israel's nuclear weapon programme, Iran formally proposed the concept of a nuclear weapon free zone in the Middle East in a joint resolution in the UN General Assembly. The Shah of Iran had made a similar appeal five years earlier but had failed to attract any support. The call for the creation of nuclear weapons free zone in the Mideast was repeated by Iran's President Ahmadinejad. (Updated: Aug, 22, 2012)

Biggest Embezzlement Scandal In Iranian History

Sep, 18, 2011 AD

Illustration of Inflation in action : 250 Rials Coins shrinking in time.between 1376-1390 SH (1977 - 2011 AD) Economy books explain infaltion and devaluation in terms of supply and demand which is a deceit to cover up theft, usury and corruption.(Wikipedia) - Amir Mansour Aria was arrested on Sep, 18, 2011 on charges of leading the 3000 billion Toman embezzlement in Iran (approximately $2.6 billion USD). This was a record fraud involving the use of forged documents to obtain credit from at least seven Iranian state and private banks to purchase state-owned companies. The fraud reportedly extending over a four-year period, but became more serious "in the months before the scandal broke in September" 2011. According to Iranian newspapers, Iranian businessman Amir-Mansour Aria "masterminded" the scam, and by late October 2011 at least 67 people had been interrogated and 31 arrested.
Mostafa Pour Mohammadi, the head of a judicial investigations unit, called the case “the most unprecedented financial corruption case in the history of Iran". The scandal has also been called "politically sensitive", involving Esfandiar Rahim Mashayi, a close aide, and a relative of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, opposed by conservatives.
According to Iranian government newspapers and TV channels, the fraud was planned within Seven state-owned and private banks, including Bank Saderat of Iran, and is the largest and most important fraud in Iran history. The fraud reportedly was first identified at Bank Melli, Iran’s largest commercial bank.
According to the New York Times and Washington Post newspapers, the embezzlement was a "scheme to use forged documents or letters of credit to acquire assets "including major state-owned companies" or "privatized government assets," (such as the Khuzestan Steel Company, a major steel producer) at "one of Iran’s top financial institutions", Bank Saderat.
According to government media, the Ministry of Economy tipped the intelligence authorities about suspicious loan applications in the banking system and the main culprits are now in police custody.
Iranian state prosecutor Gholam Hossein Mohseni Ejeyi said 19 people have been arrested for being involved in a bank embezzlement scandal. The Washington Post reports 22 suspects "including businessmen and bank officials" have been arrested, and the chiefs of two banks have been dismissed.
On Sep, 18, 2011 Seyyed Shamseddin Hosseini, the Minister of Economy stated that nothing was clear yet adding that he would not resign if he were the head of Bank Saderat.
On September, 27 Mahmoud Reza Khavari, abruptly resigned as the managing director of Bank Melli, Iran’s largest commercial bank, and flew to Canada after the bank was implicated in the fraud. However, a spokesman for the bank stated that Mr. Khavari had gone to Canada for "ordinary business reasons".
October, 3 2011, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, told viewers of Iranian state TV “People should know all these (responsible) will be pursued. ... God willing, the traitorous hands will be cut." He also stated the media should not use the case to “strike at officials.”
On Oct, 22, 2011 Sheikh Sadegh Larijani, head of the Iranian judiciary stated that vast tax evasions have taken place along large sums of credits released without securing guarantee.
The speaker of the Iranian parliament Ali Larijani says all three branches of the government are determined to deal with the recent banking scam case. Ahmad Tavakkoli, a member of the parliament said on September, 18 2011 that the embezzlement of 28 trillion Rials is an intolerable scandal, adding that if administration officials are not able to handle the affairs, they should step down. In addition, he said that a number of MPs have introduced a motion, which envisages the establishment of a special committee to pursue the embezzlement case.
On September, 16 2011, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad rejected the accusations against some of his administration officials. Conservative critics of Ahmadinejad have accused his close aide Esfandiar Rahim Mashayi (whom the conservatives strongly oppose) of having connections with Amir Mansour Aria.
Logically, a theft at this scale could not have taken place without the consent of highest ranking officials in all levels of state; some of whom are untouchables making it hard to believe in a fair trial rather than convicting some low-level elements as scapegoats just to satisfy public opinion. Lack of independent media and restricted access to information in the Islamic Republic of Iran contribute to widespread lies, deceit and corruption among Iranian authorities starting from the very top.
In a similar case, Shahram Jazayeri had been taken into custody in 2001 in a high-profile corruption scandal with several officials of IRI; for a long-list of criminal activities involving bribery, illegal exports, forgery and massive embezzlement of state money and assets. The case of Jazayeri raised questions about the Iranian government's commitment to deal seriously with corruption. In September 2004, his 27-year prison sentence was partially overturned, and he was occasionally released from prison on leave. He is said to be a VIP prisoner and he has been seen shopping in Dubai on holidays! (Updated: Apr, 11, 2012)

Operation Red Coalition Conspiracy

Oct, 11, 2011 AD

Iranian-American used car dealer Mansour Arbabsiar was charged on October, 11 2011 in federal court in New York with plotting to assassinate Al Jubeir the Saudi ambassador to the United States, apparently a false flag scenario to instigate a war.(Wikipedia) - On October,11 2011, United States officials alleged there was a plot tied to the Iranian government to assassinate Saudi ambassador Adel Al Jubeir in the United States. The plot was referred to as the "Iran assassination plot" or the "Iran terror plot" in the media, while the Federal Bureau of Investigation named the case "Operation Red Coalition".
Iranian nationals Mansour Arbabsiar and Gholam Shakuri were charged on October, 11 2011 in federal court in New York with plotting to assassinate Al Jubeir. According to U.S. officials, the two planned to kill Al Jubeir at a restaurant with a bomb and subsequently bomb the Saudi embassy and the Israeli embassy in Washington, D.C. Bombings in Buenos Aires were also discussed. Arbabsiar was arrested on September, 29 2011 at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York while Shakuri remained at large. On October, 24 2011, Arbabsiar pleaded not guilty.
The allegations of an Iranian plot met with a stream of disbelief from a number of foreign officials and analysts. Senior U.S. officials struggled to explain why the Qods Force would attempt such a delicate plot in such an unskilled style. No evidence was presented implicating Iran's most senior leaders.
On October, 11 2011, the U.S. Attorney General and the Director of the FBI announced two individuals have been charged in federal court for their participation in a plot allegedly directed by elements of the Iranian government to murder the Saudi Ambassador to the United States with explosives while the Ambassador was in the United States. "The criminal complaint unsealed today exposes a deadly plot directed by factions of the Iranian government to assassinate a foreign Ambassador on U.S. soil with explosives," said Attorney General Eric Holder. "Though it reads like the pages of a Hollywood script, the impact would have been very real and many lives would have been lost," FBI Director Robert Mueller said. The criminal complaint charged Mansour Arbabsiar, a 56-year-old naturalized U.S. citizen holding both Iranian and U.S. passports, and Gholam Shakuri, an Iran-based member of Iran’s Qods Force. The U.S. Government alleged that the Qods Force "conducts sensitive covert operations abroad, including terrorist attacks, assassinations and kidnappings, and is believed to sponsor attacks against Coalition Forces in Iraq." In October 2007, the U.S. Treasury Department had designated the Qods Force as providing material support to the Taliban and other terrorist organizations. The defendants were charged with conspiracy to murder a foreign official, conspiracy to engage in foreign travel and use of interstate and foreign commerce facilities in the commission of murder-for-hire, conspiracy to use a weapon of mass destruction, and conspiracy to commit an act of international terrorism transcending national boundaries.
Allegedly, Arbabsiar met with Shakuri from the Spring of 2011 to October 2011 to plot the murder of the Saudi Ambassador, and met with a Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) source in Mexico who posed as an associate of an international drug trafficking cartel. According to the complaint, Arbabsiar arranged to hire the source to murder the Ambassador using explosives, and Shakuri and other Iran-based co-conspirators were aware of and approved the plan. With Shakuri’s approval, Arbabsiar allegedly caused $100,000 to be wired into a bank account in the United States as a down payment for the killing. In June and July 2011, the complaint stated, Arbabsiar returned to Mexico and held additional meetings with the DEA source, where Arbabsiar allegedly explained that his associates in Iran had discussed a number of further missions they wanted the source and his associates to perform, including the murder of the Ambassador. During a July, 14 2011 meeting in Mexico, the source and Arbabsiar allegedly agreed that four men would be used to orchestrate the Ambassador’s killing and that the total price would be $1.5 million for the murder. Arbabsiar also allegedly assured the source that $100,000 would be forthcoming from Iran as a further payment towards the assassination and discussed the manner in which that payment would be made. During the meeting, Arbabsiar allegedly described having a cousin in Iran who was a "big general" in the military, and had requested that Arbabsiar find someone to carry out the Ambassador’s assassination. In a July, 17 2011 meeting in Mexico, the source told Arbabsiar that one of his workers had traveled to Washington, D.C. and had surveyed the Ambassador. They allegedly discussed bombing a restaurant in the United States that the Ambassador frequented. The source told Arbabsiar there might be innocent civilian casualties, to which Arbabsiar allegedly replied "They want that guy done, if a hundred go with him, f**k 'em", and that such concerns were "no big deal". On August, 1 2011 and August, 9 2011, allegedly with Shakuri’s approval, Arbabsiar caused two overseas wire transfers totaling approximately $100,000 to be sent as a down payment for carrying out the assassination.
On September, 20 2011, the source told Arbabsiar the operation was ready and requested that Arbabsiar either pay one half of the agreed upon price of $1.5 million or that Arbabsiar personally travel to Mexico as collateral for the final payment. According to the complaint, Arbabsiar agreed to travel to Mexico, and did so on September, 28 2011. He was refused entry by Mexican authorities and flown to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York where he was promptly arrested by U.S. federal agents and subsequently confessed to the plot. According to the complaint, Arbabsiar told agents that he was "recruited, funded and directed by men he understood to be senior officials in Iran’s Qods Force," including his cousin who he had "long understood to be a senior member of the Qods Force." Arbabsiar claimed he had met several times in Iran with Shakuri and another senior Qods Force official where they discussed blowing up a restaurant in the United States frequented by the Ambassador and that numerous bystanders could be killed. In early October 2011, according to the complaint, Arbabsiar made phone calls at the direction of law enforcement agents to Shakuri in Iran that were secretly monitored. During these phone calls, Shakuri allegedly confirmed that Arbabsiar should move forward with the plot to murder the Ambassador and that he should accomplish the task as quickly as possible, stating on October, 5 2011, "Just do it quickly, it’s late..." Investigations by the FBI disclosed that money had been wired from a Qods Force bank account, and that Arbabsiar correctly identified a known Qods Force officer from a photo array shown to him in custody. On October, 24 2011, Arbabsiar pleaded not guilty.
U.S. officials said that it was "more than likely" that Iran's Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and the head of the Qods Force, Major General Ghasem Soleymani, knew of the plot, but acknowledged this was based on analysis rather than hard evidence. They speculated it was inconceivable that in Iran's hierarchy Khamenei or Soleymani would not be aware of such an action, stating "it would be our assessment that this kind of operation would have been discussed at the highest levels of the regime." The officials acknowledged that the plot was far "outside the pattern" of the Qods Force past activity. Others speculated that the men may have been acting as rogue elements in the Iranian government, rather than the actual government itself. "It's so outside their normal track of activity", said a senior law enforcement official who would speak only on the condition of anonymity. "It's a rogue plan or they're using very different tactics. We just don't know." The government of Iran vehemently denied the accusations, and Iran's United Nations representative called the confession "suspicious claims by an individual", and said his claims were fabricated. While the U.S. Department of Justice said Shakuri was still at large, Iran claimed Shakuri belonged to an Iranian exile opposition group aiming to overthrow the Iranian Government.
At the same time, a number of prominent Iran experts have questioned the Iranian government's link to the plot. Some believe it was probably just rogue elements in the Iranian government. Suzanne Maloney, senior fellow at The Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution, said much of what was known of the plot did “not fit the usual patterns of Iran's involvement with terrorist activities. It seems quite credible to me that it could be rogue elements, but I don't know to what degree the Iranian military tolerates such dissent." Alireza Nader, an Iran analyst at the Rand Corporation, found it "difficult" to believe that Khamenei or Soleymani would order such an attack that "would put all of Iran's objectives and strategies at risk". If an Iranian agent was responsible planning the assassination attempt, it parallels event in 1998, when the murder of prominent Iranian nationalists and writers was organized by three rogue Iranian secret service operatives, part of the Qods Forces
Kenneth Katzman, a Middle East analyst at the Congressional Research Service, said, "There is simply no precedent – or even reasonable rationale – for Iran working any plot, no matter where located, through a non-Muslim proxy such as Mexican drug gangs.... The Iranian modus operandi is only to trust sensitive plots to their own employees, or to trusted proxies such as Hezbollah, Saudi Hezbollah, Hamas, the Sadr faction in Iraq, Iran-friendly extremist Muslims in Afghanistan and other pro-Iranian Muslim groups."
Reza Sayyah from CNN questioned the plausibility of the claim by asking, "Did an elite branch of Iran's military handpick a divorced, 56-year-old Iranian-American used-car salesman from Texas to hire a hit-man from a Mexican drug cartel to assassinate the ambassador to Saudi Arabia by blowing up a bomb in a crowded restaurant in Washington?"
In an orchestrated manner, several senior U.S. politicians, both Democrat and Republican, said the alleged plot could constitute an act of war by Iran. Senator Carl Levin, a Democrat who serves as chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee says the plot may be an act of war against the United States. Republican Representative Michael McCaul shared his view. Republican Senator Mark Kirk called the plot an "act of war" and called on the Obama administration to consider sanctioning the Central Bank of Iran in response. Similarly, Republican Congressman Peter King, currently chairman of the House Homeland Security Committee, said Iran's actions constituted "an act of war". Congressional counter-terrorism advisor Michael S. Smith II of Kronos Advisory, LLC, who presented Congress a report on the Qods Force in April 2011, commented "If the rapidly expanding presence in our neighborhood of militant Islamist groups which accept directives from Iran's Qods Force special operations unit remains unchecked, the recent plot will most likely come to resemble a tip of the iceberg in terms of what could unfold within America’s borders."
U.S. Congressman Jeff Duncan (R, SC), introduced a House resolution urging the Obama administration to more closely examine terrorist threats in the Western Hemisphere emanating from Iran. The resolution calls for the Obama administration to: “Include the Western Hemisphere in the Administration’s 2012 National Strategy for Counterterrorism’s ‘Area of Focus,’ which was absent, in the 2011 edition.” It also calls on the Department of Homeland Security, along with other agencies, “to examine Iran’s presence, activity, and relationships in the Western Hemisphere, including the U.S.” The resolution was co-sponsored by Democrat Congressman Brian Higgins of New York. On January, 31 2012, Director of National Intelligence, James R. Clapper, testified that Iran was prepared for a series of attacks on the United States, citing the assassination plot as a reflection of willingness for the country's terrorist efforts.
After jamming public opinion with some imaginary terror threats from Iran, on October, 12 2011, President Obama imposed new sanctions on Iran and the White House said more actions would be taken. Three weeks after US officials accused Iran of an assassination plot to be carried out on US soil, the House Foreign Affairs Committee voted to expand sanctions against Iran. The far-ranging bill includes targeting Iran's central bank. Such action against Iran's central bank – which serves as a clearinghouse for nearly all oil and gas payments in Iran – will make it more difficult for Iran to sell crude oil, its chief source of cash, by blocking companies doing business with it from also working with US financial institutions. Some Iranian officials have likened such a step to an act of war. The House Foreign Affairs Committee has also passed the Iran Threat Reduction Act which makes it illegal for U.S. diplomats to engage their Iranian counterparts, strips the President’s authority to license the repair of Iran’s aging civilian aircraft to prevent civilian deaths, and imposes indiscriminate sanctions that could increase gas prices and hurt the Iranian civil society.
Several high profile political figures in Obama Administration have been allegedly engaged in financial transactions with MKO, a group in the official list of terrorist organizations issued by US. MKO has a base in Iraq, financed by CIA and MOSSAD to convey covert operations such as assassinations, bombings, and False Flag operations.
US President Barack Obama stated: “Even if at the highest levels there was not detailed operational knowledge, there has to be accountability with respect to anybody in the Iranian government engaging in this kind of activity." Vice President Joe Biden said that Iran would be held accountable for the plot and described it as "an outrage that violates one of the fundamental premises upon which nations deal with one another and that are the sanctity and safety of their diplomats". John Boehner, the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, said: "It's a very serious breach of international behavior, and I would hope that our administration would hold the Iranian government – hold their feet to the fire over the actions that have been alleged in this complaint." Secretary of State Hillary Clinton called the incident a "flagrant violation of international and United States law".
Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad denied the accusations, calling them a "fabrication". Mohammad Khazayi, the Ambassador of Iran to the United Nations, stated that he was "shocked to hear such a big lie" and that the version of events presented by the United States was an "insult to the common sense". Khazayi wrote in a letter to Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki Moon that Iran “strongly and categorically rejects these fabricated and baseless allegations, based on the suspicious claims by an individual.” Ali Larijani, chairman of the Iranian parliament, said that the claims asserted by the United States were a "childish game". A spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs told the Iranian Students News Agency (ISNA) that "Iran strongly denies the untrue and baseless allegations". Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of Iran, described the allegations as "meaningless and absurd".
The scenario that was put forward by US officials was a conspiracy and lack of evidence rendered it absurd indeed and did not make any sense. Most political analysts even in US right wing have stated that the alleged plot might have been part of a series of False Flag operations by Mossad to trigger a war between Iran and the United States. Further statements by some pro-Israel politicians obviously indicate a go-ahead signal from conspirators.
Turki bin Faisal Al Saud, a former Ambassador of Saudi Arabia to the United States, stated that Iranian involvement in the plot was "overwhelming" and that "somebody in Iran will have to pay the price".
In France, a spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs released a statement saying: "For France, this is an extremely serious affair, an outrageous violation of international law, and its perpetrators and backers must be held accountable."
A statement released from the office of British Prime Minister David Cameron stated: "Indications that this plot was directed by elements of the Iranian regime are shocking. We will support measures to hold Iran accountable for its actions."
The Dutch minister of foreign affairs, Uri Rosenthal, has stated that he is "very, very, very, really exceptionally worried" about the alleged Iranian involvement in a plotted terrorist attack on civilians in the United States.
Iranian officials repeatedly called for proof and evidence supporting US allegations which Americans failed to produce, furthermore it was alleged by Iran that elements of Aniranian terrorist group MKO have been engaged in the case.
The alleged plot was not the only incident that raised tensions between Iran and the US in days to follow, nevertheless, the Obama administration followed a provocative policy typical to that of hostile states such as UK and France that caused major discontent among ordinary civilians, triggering anti-war protests.
Covert operations, military threats followed by increased naval presence in the Persian Gulf, and assassination of Iranian scientists seemed to be pieces of a bigger conspiracy against the peaceful Iranian nation. (Updated: Mar, 21, 2012)

Attack On British Embassy In Tehran

Nov, 29, 2011 AD

A Protesting student sets a vehicle with diplomatic license plate on fire at cultural branch of the British Embassy in Gholhak, Tehran on Nov, 29, 2011, a day after Majlis voted to severe diplomatic ties with UK.(Wikipedia) - The British Embassy in Iran and another British diplomatic compound in Tehran were attacked on November, 29 2011 by a crowd of Iranian protesters who stormed the embassy establishments, ransacking offices and stealing documents. One small building was set on fire during the incident and several people were injured.
The United Kingdom is one of hostile countries with colonial attitudes towards Iran; imposing numerous sanctions with the pretext of being concerned about Iran's peaceful nuclear program ignoring the facts. The British government banned all financial institutions in the United Kingdom doing business with their counterparts in Iran, including Iran's central bank. Iran responded by approving a bill to downgrade its ties with the United Kingdom, including a requirement for both countries to withdraw their respective ambassadors. This was not the first time that Iran has called for downgrading ties with Britain.
About 1,000 people gathered near the embassy to demand that the British ambassador be sent home immediately. The rally began quietly, but some participants stormed the building, breaking down the door, throwing around papers and replacing the British flag with an Iranian one. The Iranian security forces initially did not intervene as protesters entered the British Embassy. Protesters removed the mission's flag and ransacked offices. The protesters chanted, "Death to USA", "Death to England" and "Death to Israel", among other slogans.
According to the British ambassador Dominick Chilcott, protesters rampaged through the embassy building, destroying paintings and furniture, spraying graffiti, smashing windows and starting fires. Seven embassy staffs were seized by protesters but were eventually escorted out by police. The protesters also stole mobile phones and computers.
British Prime Minister David Cameron described the incursion as "outrageous and indefensible" and demanded that Iran immediately ensure the safety of all British Embassy personnel. Foreign Secretary William Hague said the "irresponsible action" had put the safety of diplomats and their families at risk and caused extensive damage to embassy property. Some anti-UK students had gathered at the front of Gholhak Garden in the north of Tehran. They also pulled down a picture of the Queen and burned an embassy vehicle, as well as US, Israeli and UK flags. The protesters said they wanted to shut down the embassy. Gholhak Garden is a British diplomatic compound in northern Tehran whose ownership has been a source of contention between Iranian and UK officials. Iran expressed regret over the attacks and police arrested 12 protesters.
Iranian state media agencies and certain international news sources described the protests as a reaction of students against Britain's anti-Iran policies. The demonstrators themselves issued an official statement, declaring, "Our actions are a spontaneous reaction of revolutionary students and were not ordered by any state organ."
In a statement to the House of Commons on November, 30, Foreign Secretary William Hague said: "Iran is a country where Opposition leaders are under house arrest, more than 500 people have been executed so far this year and where genuine protest is ruthlessly stamped on. The idea that the Iranian authorities could not have protected our Embassy or that this assault could have taken place without some degree of regime consent is fanciful".
Some analysts, media sources and Iranian opposition groups assert that the attack was orchestrated by the Iranian authorities, hence the strong British reaction. Al Jazeera's correspondent in Tehran, Dorsa Jabbari, reported that the Iranian police and various ministries had prior knowledge of the protest, which was organized by the student arm of the Basij.
Police reportedly "stood back and let the protestors make their way into the compound". In the words of The Economist, "This was the centre of the capital city . . . If the police had wanted to stop this; they could have flooded the compound with officers and rescued the British. The police, and whoever was pulling the strings behind the attack, chose not to intervene for a long while."
Jabbari stated, "Any such action of this scale can never be independent in the Islamic Republic." Dominick Chilcott told the BBC, Iran is a country in which such action is only taken "with the acquiescence and the support of the state".
Iran's Foreign Ministry expressed regret over the attack, calling it "unacceptable" and said that it happened "despite the efforts made by the Iranian Law Enforcement Police and reinforcement of the embassy guards."
Two Iranian opposition student groups, Tahkim Vahdat and Advar Tahkim, issued statements criticizing the attack. Tahkim Vahdat said that those behind it were "not true representative of Iranian students; they were affiliated with the authorities in power."
Iran's Deputy Police Chief Brigadier General Ahmad Reza Radan announced that police have started investigations into the details of the Tuesday protests in which angry self-driven protesters raided and occupied the British embassy and its garden in Northern Tehran ;)
Following the incident, the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office issued a statement saying that "we are outraged by this. It is utterly unacceptable and we condemn it." Later that evening David Cameron described the Iranian Government's failure to protect the embassy as a "disgrace". On 30 November 2011, during a speech to the House of Commons, Foreign Secretary William Hague announced that the Iranian Ambassador to the Court of St. James's, his ambassadorial staff and other Iranian diplomats had 48 hours to leave the United Kingdom. The foreign secretary also announced that he had closed the British Embassy, and its staff and dependants had left Tehran. This brought the United Kingdom's relations with Iran to their lowest level, and both the Foreign Secretary and Prime Minister had warned of far more "serious consequences" towards Iran, for its failure to uphold its international obligations in line with the Vienna Convention.
Iranian MP Parviz Sorouri a senior member of the Majlis National Security and Foreign Policy Committee said that "the British government’s hasty decision to close down the Iranian Embassy in London has created a new situation for both sides. But the Iranian government will do its utmost to stand up for the rights of Iranian citizens living in Britain through the establishment of an interests section in London."
Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg told the BBC's Sarah Rainsford that the U.K.'s relationship with Iran had "taken a very serious knock" but that "It doesn't mean we're cutting off all diplomatic relations with Iran. It doesn't mean we are in any way lessening our determination to try to find a diplomatic solution to the nuclear question, which is immensely important to Europe and the whole world, and we will continue to work tirelessly to find a negotiated solution.".
The United Nations Security Council condemned the attacks "in the strongest terms" and United States Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton described them as an "affront" to the international community. US Vice President Joe Biden said he had no evidence the attack on the British embassy in Tehran was orchestrated by Iranian authorities, but it was another example of why the country was a "pariah."
Norway announced it closed its embassy in Tehran due to security concerns, after Britain's mission was stormed. Hilde Steinfeld, a Foreign Ministry spokeswoman in Oslo, said the decision to close the embassy was taken late Tuesday, but that Norway's diplomatic staff have not yet been evacuated and are still in Tehran.
Russia condemned the attack, stating that the actions were "unacceptable and deserve condemnation." China did not criticize Iran by name but stated that "the relevant action runs counter to international law and basic norms of international relations and should be handled appropriately."
Several countries, such as France, Germany, Italy and the Netherlands, recalled their ambassadors to discuss the diplomatic matter, with Austria stating they are considering a similar decision. While not recalling its own ambassador, Sweden summoned the Iranian Ambassador to the Swedish Foreign Ministry in protest. Germany offered to act as a protecting power for the United Kingdom's diplomatic duties in Iran.
Hungary refused to recall its Ambassador to Iran following a meeting of EU Foreign Ministers on December 1, saying it would cripple normal day-to-day operations due to its limited staff. However the Hungarian Government joined its European allies in condemning the incident.
Such unfortunate incidents in the contemporary Iranian history are usually instigated by rogue elements within the ranks of the regime that enjoy a certain level of immunity and they are sometimes supported by some high ranking clerics who operate independently from the mainstream policymaking system. They sometimes come up with bizarre statements and trigger sentiments that result in acts that hurt the country's image. (Updated: Mar, 19, 2012)

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