The Iranian History 1999 AD


Tehran University Street Uprising

Jul, 9, 1999 AD

Ahmad Batebi, a student activist holds up a bloody T-shirt belonging to his fellow studentThe University Street events are a series of clashes at the Tehran university between 7-13 July, 1999. University students were attacked by armed forces and civil suits also referred to as regime's hit agents. Ansar Hezbollah , is one of main branches of civil suits which has operation centers around the cities, inside schools, mosques, hospitals, etc. Following student protests which started with suspension of the Salam Newspaper, the University Street was attacked, many of students were clubbed and hundreds arrested. Dormitories were plundered and a student was murdered. A medical student got shot in his eye while others saved the day with only broken legs and arms.
Two days later, sporadic demonstrations followed in Tehran and Tabriz which were suppressed by force resulting in more deaths. Tehran University was thus silenced. Those held responsible for the killings were all dismissed from charges while some of the students received jail term and life sentences. (Updated: Jan, 22, 2009)

Iranian Military Warns Khatami

Jul, 19, 1999 AD

Iranian Air Force officers visiting leader Ayatollah KhameneiIn a letter to President Khatami, the military leaders said his reformist policies have led to chaos and they warned that their patience is running out. Twenty-four senior officers in the Revolutionary Guard signed the letter, which was published in a conservative newpaper. The attack marks an intensification of the power struggle between conservatives and reformists following riots that broke out on the capital's streets.
The Iranian Ministry of Intelligence arrested several students accusing them with foreign ties and having instructions from abroad to set up illegal student organisations with the aim of promoting the restoration of the Iranian monarchy and creating tension. 750 people who were arrested during the unrest were released but 450 other people remained in detention. The unrest started when police and Civil Suits stormed a Tehran University dormitory on July, 9, hours after students rallied to protest the banning of a liberal Salam Newspaper.In large scale demonstrations which followed in subsequent days, three people were killed.
Just when everything was seen under control, thousands of Iranian students rallied in Tehran on Dec, 13, to protest against attempts to curb freedom of speech, including the jailing of the former minister and newspaper editor, Abdollah Nouri in November. The former Iranian interior minister was found guilty by a special clerical court on 15 charges. The charges were not clear but Mr. Nouri was accused of challenging some of the basic tenets of Islam, such as beards for men, headscarves for women and a ban on dancing, and of questioning the absolute authority of the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei. Mr Nouri refused to recognise the competence of the special clerical court, which operates outside the judicial system and is dominated by conservatives. Charges of defaming the country's Islamic system and confusing public opinion are widely used for branding voices of dissent. (Updated: Mar, 27, 2009)

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