The Iranian History 1998 AD


Tehran Mayor Detained

Apr, 4, 1998 AD

Tehran Azadi Square NightGholamhossein Karbaschi, the mayor of Tehran was detained on charges of corruption. He was found guilty on July 23, was banned from public office for 10 years, got two years in prison, and fined $533,000. The court ordered 60 lashes, a sentence that was later suspended. Being an ally of Hashemi Rafsanjani, and the sect in the regime called reformists, he called all charges against himself as political. Although branding opponents has been a widely used practice by conservatives, the fact that Tehran's municipality totally has become a corrupt institution is undeniable where relations are above regulations. After his term, he appeared again in the political scene as the editor of Hambastegi newspaper which was shut down briefly. (Updated: Mar, 5, 2008)

Iran / Iraq Exchange P.O.W.'s

Apr, 6, 1998 AD

An Iranian living in Kermanshah; One of thousands of victims of chemical weapons attack by Iraqi forcesIran and Iraq begin a major exchange of prisoners of war held captive since the two Persian Gulf powers ended their long and bloody war a decade before that killed and wounded en estimated 1,000,000 people. The International Committee of the Red Cross, which has been monitoring the handover at the border checkpoint of Khosrawi in western Iran, reported at least 4,000 prisoners repatriated since the exchanges were first announced, about 3,800 of which have been Iraqis held by Iran.
Until recently Iraq denied holding any Iranians at all, contributing to a deep and continuing distrust between the two states. Iran backed off its claim after a visit by its foreign minister to Tehran in January and the two nations agreed to exchange all remaining prisoners of war. The deal would free 5,592 Iraqi prisoners in exchange for 380 Iranians held in Iraq. In 1990, the two countries exchanged 70,000 prisoners of war. Iraq also announced last year that it would open its border to Iranian pilgrims intending to visit the Shiite Muslim holy sites on Najaf and Karbala in southern Iraq. Iranians are the largest group of tourists visiting the shrines, which are among the holiest in the Shiite Muslim religion. Although Shiite Muslims constitue the majority in Iraq, their rights have constantly been violated by the Baath regime. (Updated: Apr, 1, 2009)

Tehran Mayor Gets 5 Years In Prison

Jul, 24, 1998 AD

435 meters Tehran Milad Tower: Workers install components during ConstructionAn Iranian court convicted the Tehran Mayor on charges of corruption and mismanagement, sentenced him to five years in prison and barred him from public office until 2018. Trial of the Mayor, Gholamhossein Karabaschi, a close ally of President, Mohammad Khatami. was evaluated in Iran as politically motivated.
Mr. Khatami won the presidential election with support of nearly %70 of voters in 1997, although his authority as President is limited. Since he took office last August, he had to deal with shadow power centers alongside institutions, including the Parliament, the judiciary and the office of the supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, all of which are dominated by far more conservative figures.
In June, his Interior Minister Abdullah Nouri was impeached by Parliament members accusing him of being too permissive in allowing student organizations to conduct street demonstrations. (Updated: Mar, 28, 2009)

Taliban Massacre Of Iranian Diplomats

Aug, 8, 1998 AD

Afghanistan Mazar Sharif is said to be the tomb of Zoroaster and burial of one of coffins brought from Najaf during Mahmoud Ghaznavi's reign.After Taliban forces captured Mazar Sharif city in northern Afghanistan on Aug, 8, 1998, 11 Iranian diplomats and a reporter disappeared. It was later confirmed that 8 of the Iranian diplomats and the reporter were killed by the Taliban militia.
Public reactions followed by heavy tensions and an Iranian troop buildup along the Afghan border signaled a war with Taliban. The U.N. mediation diffused tensions and in February, 1999 Iran and Taliban held talks, but Iran-Afghanistan relations did not improve until the fall of Taliban. By 1999,Taliban controlled most of Afghanistan but failed to win international recognition of its regime because of its harsh social policies which included almost complete removal of women from public life and its role as a haven for Islamic extremists.
Taliban's refusal to extradite Osama Bin Laden, following the September 11 attacks in 2001 prompted the U.S. to attack Afghanistan, driving the Taliban from power.
Iran played a significant role in success of the Allied forces against a common enemy. (Updated: Sep, 21, 2009)

Islamic Iran Participation Front Founded

Aug, 23, 1998 AD

French president Chirac greeting Iranian president Khatamai at Elysee palace(Wikipedia) - Islamic Iran Participation Front was founded on August 23, 1998.
The Islamic Iran Participation Front is a reformist political party in Iran. It is sometimes described as the dominant member within the 2nd of Khordad Front.
It was led by former Secretary-General of the party, Mohammad Reza Khatami (the brother of Mohammad Khatami, the fifth President of Iran) before the election of Mohsen Mirdamadi as new Secretary-General in 9th congress. Founded in late 1998, the main motto of the IIPF is "Iran for all Iranians". While still backing Islam, the state religion of Iran, the party is among the evangelizers of democracy in Iran.
In 2004, Mohammad Reza Khatami, along with other prominent members such as Elaheh Koulaei, Mohsen Mirdamadi, and Ali Shakouri-Rad were barred from standing in the parliament elections by the Council of Guardians.
In spring of 2005, this party supported Mostafa Moeen in the presidential election.
The decision center of the party is the Central Council, which has thirty members. In June 2009 Mohsen Mirdamadi and Saeed Hajjarian were arrested during the aftermath of the 2009 presidential elections and subsequent protests. (Updated: Jul, 28, 2012)

Iran Sets Rushdie Off The Hook

Sep, 25, 1998 AD

Paris Elysee Palace President Khatami meets with French president Jacques Chirac''The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran has no intention, nor is it going to take any action whatsoever, to threaten the life of the author of The Satanic Verses or anybody associated with his work, nor will it encourage or assist anybody to do so,'' the Iranian Foreign Minister, Kamal Kharrazi, said in a statement that he read to reporters. The reward offered to anyone willing to kill Salman Rushdie had been officially renounced.
The Satanic Verses was first banned in India, in the fall of 1988, and prompted riots in Pakistan in early 1989 before coming under Ayatollah Khomeini's edict, shocked Muslims in many countries, who deemed it blasphemous. After Khomeini's Fatwa for Rushdie's death, he was forced to seek haven in a series of safe houses in London and was guarded around the clock. He has been traveling in public with a team of Special Branch agents guarding him. Khomeini died in June 1989, a few months after the edict was issued.
It was a signal of change to the world from the moderate President Khatami. The British, who had been represented in Tehran by a charge d'affaires, soon rose the level of representation to Ambassador. Although relations with U.K. were severed several times, the British managed to keep diplomatic ties even at the minimal level; a major difference between such an imperial foreign policy compared to a day by day shift as in the U.S. case. The United States has not had diplomatic relations with Iran since the seizure of the United States Embassy and the taking of American hostages in 1979. (Updated: Mar, 28, 2009)

Assassination Of Dariush Forouhar

Nov, 22, 1998 AD

Dariush Forouhar during demonstrationDariush Forouhar,70 and his wife Parvaneh, 56 were violently murdered in their home in Hedayat Street of Tehran. Forouhar was a well known nationalist that was very active in Iranian political scene. He was the founder of Pan Iranist party, and became the leader of Iran Mellat party, and was one of the leaders in the National Front. He became the first minister of labor after the revolution during Bazargan's government.
After Forouhar's assassination, several people were arrested with ties to the Iranian secret service or the Ministry of information. One of the key elements was Saeed Emami that reportedly committed suicide while in custody He had been a high rank security deputy at the ministry for 18 years. This event, following disappearance of some prominent writers is called part of serial killings of dissidents recorded as black pages of contemporary Iranian history. (Updated: Nov, 22, 2007)

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