The Iranian History 1980 AD


U.S. Files Complaint Against Iran

Jan, 4, 1980 AD

group of people calling themselves Students in the path of Imam climb the wall of the US Embassy in TehranThe United Nations received a complaint submitted by the United States. Iranians' demand for extradition of the deposed Shah and seizure of the US embassy in Tehran were debated in the UN General Assembly and the UNSC. The two bodies condemned in principle the violation of diplomatic immunity. US also initiated proceedings against Iran in the International Court of Justice. Shortly after, US, members of NATO and Japan imposed an economic boycott on Iran. Iran refused to comply; dismissing such actions as futile, holding on to Americans detained during the raid by a group who called themselves Students in the Path of Imam. This incident marked a climax in tensions between US and Iran known as the Hostage Crisis.
The US attempted to free the hostages by means of an airborne commando raid in April, 1980. The Operation Eagle was a failure. Mohammad Reza Shah's death on July, 30 voided Iran's demand for his extradition but it did not put an end to the Hostage Crisis. The crisis was finally resolved by mediation of the Algerian government.
The instability in Iran and the weakening of Iran's armed forces and cancellation of friendship treaties with the US and USSR encouraged Saddam Hussein to denounce the Algiers treaty in 1975. On September, 20, 1980 Iraqi troops invaded Iran. Eight years of war was only one of the bills Iranians had to pay at the cost of world leaders' stubbornness and ignorance!
The American Embassy complex in Taleghani Ave in Tehran was called the Spy Den. Although the staff had shred secret documents, Iranian students started putting them back together. Although the CIA backed coup d'etat of 1953 was the historical proof of American covert activities in Iran, new findings revealed more acts of espionage and hostility towards the Iran regime.
Even since, US lost the privilege of diplomatic representation in Iran. (Updated: Jan, 5, 2009)

Iran Air Boeing 727 Crash

Jan, 21, 1980 AD

Iran Air Boeing 727-86 EP-IRD (cn 19817/537) at London Heathrow Airport May, 30, 1976. On Jan, 21, 1980 at 19:11 local time, the aircraft, registered as EP-IRD, collided with the Alborz Mountains, 29 km north of Tehran and was destroyed, 120 were kiled.(Wikipedia) - On January 21, 1980, an Iran Air Boeing 727-86 was making a domestic flight from Mashhad Airport to Tehran Mehrabad Airport in Iran. At 19:11 local time, the aircraft, registered as EP-IRD, collided with the Alborz Mountains, 29 kilometers north of Tehran, during its approach to Tehran-Mehrabad runway 29 in foggy and snowy weather conditions. All 8 crew members and 120 passengers died in the accident, and the plane was destroyed. At the time, it was the deadliest aircraft disaster in the Iranian history.
Investigators concluded that the probable cause of the crash was inoperable landing system and ground radar.
Statistics related to this accident:
32nd loss of a Boeing 727
6th worst accident involving a Boeing 727 (at the time)
16th worst accident involving a Boeing 727 (currently)
worst accident in Iran (at the time)
4th worst accident in Iran (currently) (Updated: May, 26, 2012)

Banisadr Becomes President

Jan, 25, 1980 AD

Iranian revolution key political figues Ayatollah Taleghani, Ayatollah Beheshti, Hojjatoleslam Rafsanjani, and Abolhasan Banisadr taking a souvenir photo while Shah's statue is being tore down in the background in a square in Tehran, 1979.Monarchy was abolished in Iran by a referendum on April, 4, 1979.
According to results of the first presidential election, Abolhasan Banisadr was elected to a four-year term as President on January, 25 1980
Of 124 nominees for the presidential race, only 18 were disqualified. In the first presidential election held in the Iranian history, from 20,993,643 eligible to vote 14,085,243 Iranians cast their vote marking a significant %67.4 participation rate Banisadr could get a landslide victory by %76 of votes while his closest competitor Mr. Ahmad Madani stayed at %15.8. He then became the chief commander of armed forces. He appointed Mr. Rajayi as prime minister on Aug, 29, 1980.
But his political success did not last long after siding with the paramilitary group MKO that later started an armed uprising against the Islamic Republic.
On June, 10, 1981 the leader, Ayatollah Khomeini dismissed banisadr from his position as the Chief Commander of Armed Forces and eleven days later, on June 21, the parliament voted for his incompetence and he was off duty as president.
Banisadr went into hiding two days after his removal, and hid in remote areas of western Iran. On 28 July 1981, Banisadr and Rajavi were smuggled aboard an Iranian Air Force Boeing 707 piloted by Colonel Behzad Moezzi. It followed a routine flight plan before deviating out of Iran and eventually landing in Paris. He then fled to France and gave up political activities for some time.
Born on March, 22 1933 in Tehran, Banisadr went to France in 1963 and made his career as an economist. There he met with Ayatollah Khomeini and returned to Iran in 1979. As of August 2011, Banisadr lives in Versailles, near Paris, under French leash. (Updated: Jan, 25, 2008)

Last Trip For The Last King

Mar, 23, 1980 AD

Mohammad Reza Shah 10000 IrlsMohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran fled the country on Jan, 16, 1979 after 37 years of reign during demonstrations and nationwide public uprising. He spent 15 months abroad moving from country to country in hopes of returning as king again. He first went to Aswan in Egypt. Then he went to Morocco on Jan, 22 and stayed there for 67 days. On April, 1, 1979, %98 of Iranian voters chose the Islamic Republic as the new form of government in a referendum therefore putting an end to monarchy. Now he was an unwanted criminal on the loose. He flew to Bahamas on March, 30 and from there he hired a plane to Mexico on June, 10. He went to New York and was admitted to a hospital for cancer treatment on Oct, 22 where he underwent an operation. After the U.S. embassy was seized on Nov, 4th, he was sent to Panama on Dec, 15, 1979 and stayed there for 100 days.
On March, 23, 1980 he went back to Egypt. His last trip to Egypt was due to great pressure on the U.S. and fears of being assassinated. He was bedridden in a military hospital on March, 28 where he died on Friday, July, 27, 1980 and was buried in Cairo. Right after the revolution, his father's tomb in Tehran was bulldozed by a hardliner called Khalkhali. (Updated: Feb, 28, 2008)

U.S. Special Forces Fail In Tabas

Apr, 24, 1980 AD

Operation Eagle Iran TabasThe operation Eagle was a rescue mission inside Iran given to U.S. special forces. Nearly 6 months after a group calling themselves "Students in Imam's path" stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and took the personnel hostage, President Jimmy Carter showed a green light for a rescue operation. Three C-130 cargo planes and 8 RH-S3D helicopters enter the south air borders of Iran without any resistance. After travelling 1000 kilometers north, around midnight they land at a deserted airport which was built by Allied Powers during the WWII near Tabas. A bus passing by on a nearby road was stopped and their passengers were being taken to a plane when things went wrong. A sandstorm caused low visibility. When a helicopter finished taking fuel from a plane and was taking off to let another helicopter take fuel, it hit the plane and 8 American soldiers were killed instantly. The driver of a tanker passing by ran away after he heard shots and there was a chaotic situation. The rescue team took off as soon as possible to save their own lives at least. They left most of their aircrafts and supplies which included heavy arms, even a tank.
In the morning when an investigation team from Revolutionary Guards came to the site for investigation, something more bizarre happened. Despite the fact that the area was secured by then and gendarmerie was around, 3-4 Iranian jet fighters approached the scene and fired rounds of ammo and rockets and destroyed some of the aircrafts. As a result one Iranian serviceman was killed at the scene.
The operation failed but it was a heads-up call for Iranians. It was obvious that there were insiders that supplied classified information to the Americans and were assisting them in such operations. This fiasco was another heavy blow for the Carter administration while Iranians celebrated it as a victory referring to the sandstorm as a miracle sent by God. After this incident, the hostages were divided and taken to secret places and kept there until their release on Jan, 21, 1981. (Updated: Dec, 9, 2007)

Terror Attack On Iranian London Embassy

May, 30, 1980 AD

Iranian Embassy in London/ UK severely damaged by fire after a terrorist Attack in May, 1980. After a decade the British government agreed to repair the damage to the embassy in London only if Iran would pay for repairs to the British embassy in Tehran,The siege of Iranian London Embassy took place on April, 30 1980 at approximately 11:30 after a group of six heavily armed men stormed the embassy building in South Kensington. The gunmen took 26 people mostly embassy staff hostage, but several visitors and a police officer, who had been guarding the embassy, were also held. Fortunately, three people managed to escape.
The hostage-takers, allegedly members of a group campaigning for the autonomy of Iran's Khuzestan Province, demanded the release of Arab prisoners from jails in Khuzestan and their own safe passage out of the United Kingdom. They threatened to blow up the embassy and kill all of the hostages if their demands were not met by noon on May, 1st.
The Iranian government accused the British and American governments of sponsoring the attack as revenge for the ongoing siege of the US Embassy in Tehran known to public as the Hostage Crisis.
The British government refused to grant a safe passage to the terrorists, and a siege ensued. When the deadline passed on May, 1 the terrorists asked for negotiations by three ambassadors from Arab countries. Embassies of Algeria, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Syria and Qatar were contacted to ask if their ambassadors would be willing to talk to the hostage-takers. Jordan ambassador immediately refused get involved but the other five said they would consult with their governments. Meanwhile BBC broadcast the statement issued by the terrorists adding to Iran's suspicions that the whole scenario was part of an anti-Iranian propaganda campaign.
Over the following days, police negotiators secured the release of five hostages in exchange for minor concessions, such as the broadcasting of the hostage-takers' demands on British television.
By the sixth day of the siege the gunmen had become increasingly frustrated at the lack of progress in meeting their demands.
On May, 5 at exactly 13:45, three shots were heard from inside the embassy. Three further shots were fired later that afternoon and Abbas Lavasani's body was dumped out of the front door. Lavasani was embassy's chief press officer.
As a result, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher agreed to hand control of the operation over to the British Army. Special Air Service (SAS), a regiment of the British Army, was ordered to conduct an assault to rescue the remaining hostages. Shortly afterwards, at 19:23 soldiers started coming down from the roof of the building and forced entry through the windows.
However, their descent had not gone according to the plan and the SAS sergeant leading the operation became entangled in his rope! While trying to assist him, one of the other soldiers had accidentally smashed a window with his foot. Suddenly, a fire started and travelled up the curtains and out of the second-floor window, severely burning the hanging staff sergeant. After this mishap he was cut free and fell to the balcony below.
During the 17-minute raid, the SAS rescued all but one of the remaining hostages, and killed five of the six terrorists. Ali Akbar Samadzadeh, an employee at embassy was killed during the operation.
The remaining terrorist Fowzi Badavinejad who concealed among hostages was caught. He was later prosecuted and served 27 years in British prisons.
Hostages later said in interviews that they had persuaded their captors to surrender and television footage appeared to show them throwing weapons out of the window and holding a white flag. The reason why they were shot to death seems to be an authorization to kill issued by high officials. After Fowzi Badavinejad was identified, he was dragged away by an SAS trooper, who allegedly intended to take him back into the building and shoot him. The soldier reportedly changed his mind when it was pointed out to him that the raid was being broadcast on live television.
It emerged that Iraq had sponsored the training and equipping of the hostage-takers and according to the Iranian historical memory, Britain has a long record of instigating segregation and covert operations in Iran. The incident was forgotten after the Iran–Iraq War broke out with Iraqi invasion of Iran, four months later on Sep, 22, 1980. UK was among hostile states which supported Iraq during the eight year war. It was not until 1993 that 16 Princes Gate, having suffered major damage from a fire that broke out during the assault, was re-opened as the Iranian embassy.
The SAS raid was broadcast live and was viewed by millions of people in the UK, making it a defining moment in British history. The Iranian government welcomed the end of the siege; however, the incident strained already-tense relation between the UK and Iran following the Iranian Revolution. The Iranian government declared that the siege of the embassy was planned by the British and American governments, and that the hostages who had been killed were martyrs for the Revolution.
The embassy building was severely damaged by fire. It was more than a decade before the British and Iranian governments came to an agreement whereby the United Kingdom would repair the damage to the embassy in London and Iran would pay for repairs to the British embassy in Tehran, which had been damaged during the 1979 Iranian Revolution. Iranian diplomats began working from 16 Princes Gate again in December 1993.
After serving his term, in 2005 Fowzi Badavinejad would normally have been immediately deported to his home country. However he was paroled in 2008 and was released under UK protection; in violation of Iranian rights to prosecute a criminal who has committed murder of Iranian nationals on the Iranian soil.
Tensions between governments of two countries remain high like a tasteless marriage. Following a vote by Majlis to lower diplomatic ties with Britain, an assault by hardliner Iranian students on a British embassy compound in Gholhak resulted in closure of Iranian London Embassy again in Dec, 2011. (Updated: Dec, 6, 2011)

Iran Shuts Down Higher Education

Jun, 12, 1980 AD

First Friday Prayer after the Iranian Revolution of 1979 took place at a football field in Tehran University. Ayatollah Taleghani leaded the sermon on Aug, 16, 1978. Sadeq Ghotbzadeh, Ebrahim Yazdi, Hasem Seydjavadian, Ahmad Sadr were praying behind him.On 12 June 1980 the Cultural Revolution shut down Iran's Higher Education system for over a year to completely Islamize it, purging many students and faculty members. Only a few months after toppling the despotic Pahlavi monarchy, Iran was undergoing a systematic elimination of all voices of dissent. This was somehow a victory for dark powers working in-line with US imperialism that feared a progressive Iran would become a model eventually leading to regional awakening.
The so-called Cultural Revolution (1980–1987) was a period following the 1979 Revolution in Iran where the academia of Iran was purged of Western and non-Islamic influences to bring it in line with Shia Islam. Some of the masterminds of this bigoted ideological trend such as Ayatollah Montazeri and Abdolkarim Soroush later became victims of their own hypocrisy. Then started a wave of a brain drain that was unprecedented in the modern Iranian History; practically taking Iran decades back in terms of civil liberties and social justice.
Directed by the Cultural Revolutionary Headquarters and later by the Supreme Cultural Revolution Council, the revolution initially closed universities for three years (1980–1983) and after reopening banned many books and purged thousands of students and lecturers from the schools. The Cultural Revolution involved a certain amount of violence in taking over the university campuses since higher education in Iran at the time was dominated by leftists opposed to the imposed theocracy.
Culture can be defined as the universal human capacity by which individuals are introduced to sets of values from which patterns are dynamically adopted and applied as lifestyle and therefore evaluated within courses of history. Culture seeks excellence in everything including arts and manners through constructive interaction. Anything that does not view collective wisdom and cannot honor the social mosaic as the framework of cultural development can be conceived as brainwashing propaganda of some minority usually perceiving themselves as the elite or chosen ones.
One of the main costs of the Cultural Revolution in addition to interrupting the education and professional livelihood of many, and striking a major blow to Iran's cultural and intellectual life and achievement was that; it contributed to a systematic brain drain.
In the 1977-1978 academic year, about 100,000 Iranians were studying abroad, of whom 36,220 were enrolled in US institutes of higher learning; the rest were mainly in the United Kingdom, West Germany, France, Austria, and Italy. In the 1978-1979 academic year, the number of Iranian students enrolled in the United States totaled 45,340, peaking at 51,310 in 1979-1980. According to the Institute of International Education, more Iranian students studied in the United States at this time than students from any other country.
According to the Iranian Ministry of Culture and Higher Education, right before the revolution and subsequent closure of all the universities in 1980, there were 16,222 professors teaching in Iran's higher education institutions. When the universities reopened in 1982, this figure had plummeted to 9,042.
Similarly, the Iran Times estimated that one out of every three (5,000) physicians and dentists left after the revolution. In addition to the reduction of manpower, studies estimate that the flight of capital from Iran shortly before and after the revolution is in the range of $30 to $40 billion.

In the year 2000 alone, Iranians submitted 34,343 asylum applications, the highest rate since 1986.
At the end of 2005, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimated there were 111,684 refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and other persons of concern from Iran. The countries hosting the largest populations of Iranian refugees were Germany (39,904), the United States (20,541), Iraq (9,500), the United Kingdom (8,044), the Netherlands (6,597), and Canada (6,508).
In January 2006, the International Monetary Fund claimed that Iran ranks highest in brain drain among 91 developing and developed countries, with an estimated 150,000 to 180,000 educated people exiting per year. According to a 1999 study, the brain drain from Iran to the United States, measured by migration rates of the individuals with tertiary education, is the highest in Asia. The majority of those leaving are scientific scholars and university graduates. In fact, as many as four out of five of those who recently won awards in various international science Olympiads have chosen to emigrate to the United States, Canada, and Western Europe. Among the factors contributing to the brain drain are economic well-being and better educational prospects abroad. The inability of the home country to respond to its citizens' needs, coupled with high unemployment rates and a general lack of intellectual and social security, all contribute to the brain drain. Additionally, self-censorship prevents people from thinking and writing freely, a limitation that makes both scientific and social science research extremely difficult.
Near the end of the 20th century as the World Wide Web evolved, Iranians became inter-connected and a cultural advancement began. One of the most widespread and effective means of group expression for Iranians has since become the creation of a virtual community through chat rooms and blog websites. Estimates suggest that Iran has more than 75,000 bloggers, making Persian the fourth most widely used language on blogs in the world. According to a June 2004 report by Reporters Without Borders, the Internet has grown faster in Iran than in any other Middle Eastern country since 2000. Despite restrictions of access both by Western countries and the Iranian government, some of the top online resources are created by Iranians from all over the world, taking the Iranian Cultural Revolution to the next level. (Updated: Jul, 19, 2012)

The CIA Backed Nojeh Coup Uncovered

Jul, 9, 1980 AD

Google Earth NozhehNojeh is the name of a garrison near the city of Hamedan in which a coup against the regime had been planned. The American secret service, CIA had made all necessary preparations for the coup and had installed the commanding headquarters in Paris under supervision from Shapour Bakhtiar while having the confirmation from one of the top clerics of the time, Ayatollah Shariatmadari. Millions of dollars had been spent and part of the declaration previously prepared to be read at the radio on July, 12 was as follows: "Dear fellows. Time has come. Iran's patriotic army has toppled the rotten Mullah regime. All units of the armed forces, gendarmerie, and the police have declared their unity and any resistance will be suppressed toughly..."
According to the plan, key places including Ayatollah Khomeini's residence would be bombed while commando teams were to seize the TV station and army headquarters. But an army pilot and an officer warned the authorities regarding the plan two days before the operation. Briefly an elite team from the Revolutionary Guards and army commandos is formed to neutralize the operation. They take the Nojeh garrison under siege and arrest the coup elements. All army personnel involved in the coup were put on trial and executed. 27 years before, a similar CIA backed coup which was much less sophisticated toppled the democratic regime of Dr. Mosaddegh on August, 19, 1953. (Updated: Dec, 10, 2007)

Saddam Nullifies Algiers treaty

Sep, 17, 1980 AD

Saddam Hussein Execution : Expiration date arrivedOn a signal from the western and Arab countries that wanted to stop expansion of revolutionary ideas from Iran, the Iraqi dictator finds necessary support and guarantee from his masters to start a war with Iran. For that, he needed an excuse. In 1979 he expressed views that the Algiers accord was in favor of Iranians. Then during an interview in April 1980 he forwarded 3 conditions to ease tensions between the two countries while Iraqi fighter jets were bombing Iranian border villages in order to scare the citizens away. The conditions were as follows: Iran's withdrawal from triplet Persian Gulf islands, returning the extension of Arvand river to it's condition before 1975, and declaring Khuzestan as an Arabic province with the awkward name Arabestan. No one know so far what kind of drugs he had used before this interview but on September, 17, 1980 when he was addressing the Iraqi parliament he declared one sided nullification of the Algiers accord. The war was coming, still ironically, it took 8 years for the UN to find out which side started the war. When the Iranian students were going to school on September, 23 there was an important lesson for them to learn; This equinox marks no peace until high school. (Updated: Jan, 22, 2009)

Iraq Invades Iran

Sep, 22, 1980 AD

Bullets Bombs War Khomeini FlowersIn the midst of a hostage crisis with the United States and covert efforts to overthrow the new revolutionary regime, Iraq invades Iran thus commencing an eight year devastating war, primarily on the grounds that in 1969, Iran voided the 1937 agreement with Iraq on the control of the Arvand river and demanded that the terms be renegotiated. As a divide-and-rule policy, the Britain had planted seeds of dispute all over the region. The Iraq-Iran war in which chemical weapons were used led to an estimated 500,000 to one million casualties. Khomeini rejected diplomatic initiatives and called for the overthrow of Iraq's president But the Arab and western countries sided with Iraq and supported the Saddam regime financially and militarily while Iran was under a trade embargo by the US. However, Iranian forces were able to push the Iraqi troops back to the original borders before the war. On July 3, 1988, a U.S. warship shot down an Iran-Air civilian aircraft, killing all aboard. That same month, Iran agreed to end the war. (Updated: Jan, 30, 2008)

Iran Strikes Iraq Back

Sep, 23, 1980 AD

Pahlavi Iran Air Force Pilots Class of 52-14 at Mehrabad AFB Airport posing for a souvenir photograph in front of a Phantom.Iraq staged a surprise attack on Iran Air Force bases on Sep, 22, 1980. Their plan was to destroy Iranian Air Force power, a tactic Israel used in 1967 against Egypt, Jordan and Syria. In the first wave of two air assaults, 192 Iraqi planes attacked several targets in Iran. 6 enemy war planes headed for the Mehrabad Airport, but only 3 of them succeeded in reaching their targets. Fortunately, most of Iranian planes were kept in bunkers and were slightly damaged.
Iran's first reaction was swift, Iranian Air Force pulled itself quickly together and enemy airplanes became target of anti-aircraft warfare. Then there came a big surprise when in less than two hours a counter-strike was formed in Iran Air Force bases in Nojeh and Bushehr. There was not a significant air defense when Iranian planes poured their bombs on al Rashid and Shoaybah bases in Iraq on the afternoon of Sep, 22, 1980. On the same day, pre-defined targets in Omolghasr near Arvand Rood were destroyed. Iraq had to move its Soviet MIG planes to al-Walid air base near Jordan to keep them safe from Iranian airstrikes.
Iranian technicians started mounting hundreds of bombs and missiles on all available airplanes preparing for a historical air strike inside Iraq known as Kaman 99.
On Sep, 23, 1980, the Kaman 99 Operation started just before dawn:
- 40 F-4 Phantoms took off from Nojeh base near Hamedan. After refueling in mid-air they reached the Iraqi capital Baghdad, where they attacked al Rashid, al Habbaniyah and al Kut airbases.
- Iran launched 58 F-5 Tigers from Tabriz, which were sent to attack Mosul Airbase. After that, 50 planes attacked Nasiriyah Airbase, which was heavily damaged.
- As all 146 Iranian F-4s and F-5s had been sent for a bombing raid on Iraq, 60 F-14 Tomcats were defending Iranian airspace against a possible retaliation.
- Iran dealt a heavy blow and Iraqi airbases near Iran were out of order for months.
- However, with help from world superpowers, Iraqis would advance into Khuzestan.
- It would take about 2 years before Iranians could expel the invaders from their territory. The Iran–Iraq War endured for 8 years, becoming the longest conventional war of the 20th century in which more than one million people would die.
- Iran became target of chemical weapons supplied to Iraq by Europe. (Updated: Oct, 5, 2011)

Iranian Becomes Best F-5 Fighter Pilot Ever

Oct, 17, 1980 AD

Iran Air Force IRIAF 	Northrop F-5E Tiger II. The only air arm in the world to continue using the fighter, IRIAF continued efforts to maintain these types in service, and began a number of projects with the intention to refurbish and upgrade them.(Wikipedia) - Major Yadollah Javadpour was a fighter pilot in the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (IRIAF), serving for the full duration of the Iran–Iraq War. His record qualifies him as an ace and one of the most successful pilots of that conflict.
He began his service as an elite pilot in the IIAF, and was a member of the Iranian Air Force flying team, the Golden Crown, from 1975 to 1978. He continued to serve with the IRIAF after the revolution, this being a time when it was dangerous for pilots to do so.
Javadpour's fame came while flying the Northrop F-5 Freedom Fighter jet. He claimed 5 air victories, which makes him an ace, but only two have been definitively confirmed by western sources. His greatest fame came on August 6, 1983 when he claimed (later to be reliably confirmed) to have shot down an Iraqi MiG-25. This was a significant achievement for an F-5 pilot as the MiG-25 is a much bigger and faster aircraft with a substantial altitude advantage. His other confirmed kill was a Su-20 on October 17, 1980.
These results make Javadpour the most successful F-5 fighter pilot ever. (Updated: May, 17, 2012)

Fahmideh; Iconic Martyr of Khorramshahr

Oct, 30, 1980 AD

Iran Iraq War , A young boy sleeping by the side of a tank while holding his Kalashnikov in Khorramshahr. Iranians had to defend the country with their blood and basic arms while the enemy was armed to its teeth.Hossein Fahmideh is an icon of Iranian patriotism who became martyr at the age of 13.
In the besieged city of Khorramshahr, Hossein Fahmideh fought side by side with older Iranian soldiers. On Oct, 30, 1980, invading Iraqi forces pushed the Iranian troops back as they were passing through a very narrow canal. Many of the Iranian troops present were either dead or wounded by the heavy Iraqi attacks. Hossein Fahmideh, therefore, took a grenade from a nearby body, pulled the pin out, and jumped underneath an Iraqi tank, killing himself and disabling the tank. This stopped the Iraqi tank division's advance.
Hossein Fahmideh was born on May, 6, 1967 in Qom. He was a 13 year old boy who, on the outbreak of war in 1980, made his decision to leave his home without his parents’ consent to go to southern Iran to help stopping the invasion of Iran by the Iraqi army.
Imam Khomeini declared Fahmideh an Iranian national hero and monuments were built throughout Iran. Every year, on this day special ceremonies in his memory take place in schools around the country. (Updated: Oct, 30, 2010)

Iraqi Navy Paralyzed

Nov, 28, 1980 AD

Iran Iraq War Training SoldiersTwo months after Iraq invaded Iran, the Iranian Navy and Iranian Air Force launched Operation Morvarid against the Iraqi Navy and Air Force on Nov, 28, 1980 which resulted in a victory for Iran and a heavy toll for Iraq:
-Destruction of 80% of the Iraqi Navy, early warning bases and SAM sites.
-Destruction of some Iraqi oil installations and terminals.
-Blocking of the port of Faav.
Commanded by Admiral Bahram Afzali, the Morvarid Operation began by attacking Iraqi airfields around Basra. Meanwhile the Iranian Navy deployed marines on the Iraqi oil terminals deploying a large amount of explosives which left the installations in flames while Iranian commandos were evacuating the area. Meanwhile two Iranian combat boats blocked Iraqi ports of Fav and Um-Ghasr and shelled facilities in range. While these boats were defending a counter-attack from the Iraqi navy, Iranian Air Force engaged the battle and sunk every Iraqi vessel in sight also destroying Iraqi SAM sites. Iraq desperately attacked with MIG planes which could not stop its oil platforms from being destroyed.
The scenes of the Operation Morvarid were filmed and televised showing off Iranian army's power. However, there were factors that made Iran less fortunate in the following operations that prolonged the war to an 8 year manslaughter on both sides. (Updated: Jan, 1, 2010)

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