The Iranian History 1975 AD

 


Shah Announces Single Party System

Mar, 2, 1975 AD

People shopping at Plasco Mall, photo from Life MagazineMohammad Reza Shah announced single party system throughout the country and all citizens became obliged to become a member of Rastakhiz party. After the fall of Reza Shah's despot regime on Sep, 16, 1941 people hoped that political freedoms will prevail but his son curbed all hopes by establishing a state of terror. To keep up appearances he allowed establishment of two parties which were only tools for deception, yet he suddenly ordered these parties dissolved and created a single party called Rastakhiz. No other political parties or groups were allowed. But this system practically backfired and added to public discomfort that led to the 1979 revolution. Years later Mohammad Reza Shah confessed in his memoires that creation of Rastakhiz was a mistake as it did not reach its goals as planned. (Updated: Dec, 9, 2008)





U.S. To Build 8 Nuclear Reactors In Iran

Mar, 29, 1975 AD

Parading US Embassy TehranAccording to an agreement between Iran and U.S. authorities signed in Tehran, The United States agreed to build and operate 8 nuclear reactors in Iran. The agreement was made between Henry Kissinger and Iranian authorities to seal bilateral ties. Other items foreseen in the deal totalling 15 billion dollars allowed Armerican companies to do construction work such as building apartments. 30 years later world witnessed one of the most offensive campaigns run by the U.S. administration to strip Iran from it's nuclear rights. History teaches nothing. (Updated: Dec, 6, 2007)





Iran-US Boost Academic Relationships

Apr, 21, 1975 AD

Chicago University staffs pose as inspecting one of tens of thousands of Achaemenid Foundation Tablet lent in 1937. Unfortunately, even after 73 years, a comprehensive digital catalog of this world heritage has not been prepared to be used by researchers.A flow of U.S. educators from Harvard to the University of Southern California headed for Iran to offer training and advice in everything from the latest audio-visual techniques to the peaceful uses of atomic energy, a need which Iran was willing to pay dearly for it.
In March, 1975, Georgetown University signed an $11.5 million, five-year agreement to help Ferdowsi University of Mashhad create schools of engineering, agriculture and economics.
• Iran had recently signed similar contracts with U.S. colleges such as:
• Wentworth Institute in Boston to set up a vocational school in Shiraz
• M.I.T. to train up to 54 Iranian graduate students in nuclear engineering.
• George Washington University to develop graduate programs in management.
• U.S.C. for an endowed chair in petroleum engineering.
• Stanford to plan satellite-based rural telephone and educational television systems.
• Harvard to plan a graduate-level research university.
• Princeton for the Pahlavi endowment for Iranian Studies.
There were also agreements with universities of Columbia, Cornell, Michigan, Chicago, West Virginia and Maryland.
Although there were voices of concern around the US for supporting such an oppressive, totalitarian regime, Petro-dollars forced them to consider assisting developing nations to improve their educational capacities in the interest of their people!
But in 1979, diplomatic relations between Iran and US were severed and Iranian assets were frozen in the US, therefore contracts were not honored. Especially after Iran cut her ties with Israel calling it the Zionist Regime, AIPAC; the most powerful lobby in the US used its entire means to avoid normalization of US-Iran relations. Moreover, imposed sanctions and embargos ever since has created a profitable business for official smugglers on both sides. (Updated: Aug, 28, 2011)





UASF Officers Assassinated In Tehran

Jun, 9, 1975 AD

A China Vase bearing a painting from Pahlavi family: Mohammad Reza Shah, Farah Diba and their children on display at Tehran Niyavaran Palace/museum. This item was probably one of several gifts presented to the royal family.Tehran was shaken by assassination of two U.S. Air Force officers working with the military-assistance mission in Iran.
In an Interview after a visit to the U.S., Mohammad Reza Shah called the assassins disgusting and blamed MKO for the terror plot while drawing a happy picture of Iran where farmers own their land and workers buy shares in factories. He pointed out oncoming popular elections, free education and food subsidies and added that Marxists could no ore sell their ideology.
In one single party Iranian political system, all other parties were outlawed and Shah played his cards well, asserting that the Communists would be the only other available alternative. During the cold war era, Communism and Marxism were the main fears of the western world pretty much exaggerated in the media. In fact, Iran's main opposition groups at that time were, the nationalists and Islamists but the dictator seemed to have forgotten the CIA backed coup of 1953.
Shah underestimated protests and said their numbers were 1,000 or 1,500 and claimed that people could express their views on any subject, but he outlined chants of Death to Shah intolerable. Shah heavily relied on his notorious secret service SAVAK which had created fear among people for years. SAVAK was infamous for torture and killings it inflicted on the opposition and even on ordinary Iranians who merely uttered any wrong words against the regime.
Mohammad Reza Shah highly viewed himself as a reformist, underlying the land reforms in what was called the White Revolution in 1963. He was certainly keen on transforming his ancient kingdom into one of the globe's most important nations.
As most dictators do, he lacked the vision of obtaining real popular support which is necessary to reach big goals and relied merely on US support and his oil money. (Updated: Aug, 28, 2011)





Iran Iraq Sign Algiers Treaty

Jun, 13, 1975 AD

Mohammadreza Shah Boumedian Saddam AlgiersOne and a half month after the Istanbul meeting, Algerian leader Boumedian tried to mediate between the two arch foes during an OPEC meeting. A draft was presented in order to solve the border disputes between the two countries. After that, in three consequent meetings starting March, 15, 1975 that took place in Tehran, Baghdad and finally in Algiers; the two sides reached an agreement called the Algiers treaty on June, 13, 1975 . This treaty was completed with a supplementary protocol signed and sealed by both country leaders on Dec, 26 same year. Iran fully honored the Algiers treaty even after the regime change in 1979 and after Iraqi jet fighters bombed some of the Iranian villages on June, 4, 1979, Iran sent the governor of West Azerbaijan to Soleymaniyeh in Iraq in order to ease tensions. (Updated: Feb, 1, 2008)





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