The Iranian History 1974 AD


Iran Iraq Forces Clash At Mehran Border

Feb, 10, 1974 AD

Mohamedreza Shah Pahlavi TIME magazine cover 11-04-1974After Iran forces seized the triplet islands in 1971, Iraq military movements accelerated at the borderline and sporadic confrontations between the armed forces of the two countries began. These clashes were mostly attributed to the military cooperation agreement between Iran and USSR, as a muscle flexing arena for east and west. However Feb, 10, 1974 was the scene of heavy artillery exchanges at Mehran. The date was marked as the bloody Sunday. Iraq quickly submitted a complaint with the UN, claiming that Iran had seized 5 km/sq of its soil and was planning a general attack on Iraq. Iran invited UN representatives to inspect the region of dispute. On Feb, 28, the UN security council sent envoys to the region to investigate the issue. Finally, with the UNSC draft #348, a ceasefire was decided on March, 7 and was fully implemented the following day. On Jan, 16, 1975, committees from both countries met in Istanbul where negotiations took place for four days without reaching an agreement. (Updated: Feb, 1, 2008)

Khosrow Golesorkhi Executed

Feb, 18, 1974 AD

Pahlavi regime's Savak files : Political prisoner Khosrau Golesorkhi March, 28, 1973. Atrocities that a regime does to its own citizens remains as a stain on its forehead forever.Khosrow Golesorkhi and his comrade Keramat Daneshian were executed in Tehran to become one of the most unforgettable icons of the Iranian leftists. Khosrow Golesorkhi was born in Rasht on Jan, 23, 1945. After his father died, he moved to Qom with his mother and later came to Tehran. His tendencies towards left got him involved in one of the communist groups banned by the Pahlavi regime. After his arrest and a long prosecution that was broadcast on public TV, he was sentenced to death. He was a talented poet who inspired many other poets and songwriters later. He started his defense at the court with these lines that had a share in public uprising against the dictator's regime:
"These are the tall pines
that sing amorously
in the middle of the jungle
the current green song of joining
to the people of the city.
Not your eyes, you better than the pine jungle
are now naked against the ax
with the green of your tree of chaos
This green mourner of the spring
this hanging black outfit,
does it somehow relate
to this land?
The one who made my soil mournful
Did he break
after carrying so much booty?
…" (Updated: Feb, 9, 2013)

Shah Visits France

Jul, 5, 1974 AD

French President Charles De Gaulle on a state visit to Tehran in 1963 meets Mohammad Reza Shah. The French president had once visited Tehran in 1945 during Morteza Gholi Bayat administration.The entire French Cabinet lined up at the Paris Orly Airport to welcome Mohammad Reza Shah and his Queen Farah Pahlavi.
President Valery Giscard d'Estaing skipped the NATO summit in Brussels to welcome the Iranian leader, who was welcomed at the Versailles Palace with fireworks and dances. By the weekend, Iran agreed to purchase $5 billion in industrial equipment and technology from France in the next decade including five complete nuclear power plants. The French also agreed to construct a subway in Tehran, a liquefied natural gas plant, and a steel plant. Construction of twelve large tankers, help with a pipeline and supply of sophisticated military equipment were parts of the deal. In return, the Shah agreed to deposit $1 billion in the French central bank as an advance payment and increase Iran's shipments of oil to France.
Paris turned euphoric after the agreement was announced. The French currency rallied in international trading and stocks rose on the Paris Bourse. While the French seemed to be happy, US wanted to have a say in arranging deals with the oil producers while the sale of nuclear technology created fear among Persian Gulf countries.
In long term, especially after the Revolution of 1979, France fulfilled none of her obligations but because of some behind-the-door agreements made during Khomeini's stay in Neauphle le Chateau, the French still have the lion share in some of Iran's key industries. (Updated: Sep, 6, 2011)

Kissinger Visits Tehran

Nov, 2, 1974 AD

Henry Kissinger, the US Secretary of State partying in Tehran with Amir Abbas Hoveida, the Iranian Prime Minister. Jamileh, the famous belly-dancer is entertaining the audience in an oriental atmosphere with hooka, claps and stuff serving the gang!Henry Kissinger, the U.S. secretary of foreign affairs visited Tehran. One day after his arrival Mohammad Reza Shah announced that the price of crude oil must not rise. This statement showed that Kissinger's first goal from the mission was achieved.
The second issue was Iraq which had close ties with the Soviets and thus a threat to the U.S. and her allies. In his memoires, Kissinger stated that Shah accepted to help Americans supply the Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq after Americans promised to supply F-14 jets. U.S. bought Russian made arms from Israel which were seized during the Arab-Israel wars and sent them to the Kurdish rebels through Iran. Shah gradually became the link between the Kurdish leader Barzani and Washington.
However, in a meeting on Feb, 18, 1975, Shah told Kissinger that he planned to settle issues with Iraq. The fact that Iran and Iraq reached an agreement on border issues drew an ire in Washington and Kissinger's frequent visits to Iran came to an end. (Updated: Jan, 7, 2009)

The Roof Collapsed At Mehrabad Airport

Dec, 5, 1974 AD

A view from the Mehrabad Airport 1958An accident at Mehrabad International airport in Tehran killed at least 17 and injured tens of passengers and their relatives. It was announced that heavy snow was the cause of this accident. Abolhasan Ebtehaj who was the executive manager at the ministry of Planning and budget at the time the building was constructed had already been charged with misconduct and was arrested, although Americans were in charge of construction of the airport. (Updated: Dec, 6, 2007)

SAVAK Kills Ayatollah Ghaffari

Dec, 28, 1974 AD

Iranian political dissident Ayatollah Ghaffari died on December, 28, 1974 in Pahlavi prison under torture.On the eve of his death, his son witnessed his father in poor physical conditions; broken arms and feet with bruises all over his body.(Rasekhoon) - On December, 28, 1974 Ayatollah Hossein Ghaffari, died in the prison of the Pahlavi regime. Ayatollah Ghaffari was known as a highly knowledgeable clergyman who opposed puppet dictator Mohammad Reza Shah, he was a supporter of Ayatollah Khomeini and spoke out after he was sent to exile.
Ayatollah Ghaffari did not remain silent witnessing injustice in the Pahlavi regime. He wrote books and published articles in magazines that revealed the cruelty of the regime. In addition, he also voiced his opposition to the despot ruler. As a result, he was repeatedly arrested and imprisoned. Finally, after being tortured in prison, Ayatollah Ghaffari became martyr.
Ayatollah Sheikh Hossein Ghaffari was born in Azar Shahr in 1916. His father died when he was a kid and he led a life in poverty. After primary school, he went to Tabriz and lived as a clergy for 30 years. He then went to Qom and became a student of Ayatollah Boroujerdi, the famous Shia Marja.
After 11 years in Qom, Ayatollah Ghaffari moved to Tehran and became active in political struggle against the Pahlavi regime. He was one of those involved in the famous 15 Khordad Uprising also known as June 5, 1963 demonstrations in Iran. After the uprising, he was arrested and tortured but he was released and because of the heavy suffocating atmosphere created by SAVAK, many opposition groups went underground.
Ayatollah Ghaffari was repeatedly imprisoned and tortured and suffered heavily. The Pahlavi regime arrested his children, brother and his wife in order to make him submit.
His final arrest came in June 1974. On the eve of his death, his son paid a last visit. He witnessed his father in poor physical conditions; broken arms and feet with bruises all over his body; the SAVAK torturers had broken most of his teeth.
Ayatollah Ghaffari died on December, 28, 1974 at the age of 58. He was buried in Qom. (Updated: Jan, 3, 2013)

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