The construction of the Shahyad tower started on Nov, 2, 1969 and was completed on Jan, 14, 1972. The Azadi tower located in the Azadi square has become a symbol of Tehran during the years. In 1967, a draft presented by Hossein Amanat, an engineer from Tehran University won the competition which took place among top architects and designers.
During the inauguration ceremony, attended by the deposed king Mohammad Reza Shah, the famous Cyrus cylinder was presented to the audience. Also known as the first charter of human rights, the historical item is currently kept in the British museum. The tower was first named Shahyad tower located in a square with the same name. The three story Shahyad tower combines architectural structures from Achaemenid, Sassanid, and Islamic era and is 45 meters tall. There is a museum and a library inside the building. The tower was renamed as Azadi meaning liberty after the revolution. (Updated: Jan, 2, 2009)
The Iran Blizzard of February 1972 ended a four year drought but resulted in the deaths of approximately 4,000 people. A week-long period of low temperatures and winter storms, lasting from February 3 to February 9, 1972, dumped more than 3 meters of snow across rural areas in northwestern, central and southern Iran.
Southern Iran sustained as much as 8 meters of snow, burying at least 4,000 villagers. According to contemporary reports by the Ettelaat Newspaper, the city of Ardakan and outlying villages were hardest hit, with no survivors in Kakkan, Kamehr and around Yasuj. In the northwest, near the border with Turkey, the village of Sheklab and its 100 inhabitants were buried under snow.
The Iranian blizzard of 1972 remains the deadliest in recorded human history. (Updated: Mar, 1, 2012)
Quake hit the historical city of Qir in the Fars Province in Iran and 58 villages were destroyed and more than 5,000 of their inhabitants were killed. The massive earthquake happened on Apr, 10, 1972. The strong 6.8 Quake, on the Richter scale came at 5:38 in the morning and caught residents of mud-brick houses by surprise. In addition, 2,000 people were seriously injured and 20,000 left homeless. The tremor was Iran's worst since 1968, when nearly 12,000 perished in the northeastern province of Khorasan.
Prime Minister Amirabbas Hoveida supervised rescue operations. Within four hours of the disaster, Iran's Red Lion and Sun, was administering to the injured. Iran Air Force C-130s and helicopters were soon carrying food, medicine, blankets and tents to the site. Even as soldiers and volunteers carried on the grim process burying the dead, the disaster was becoming fixed as a terrible memory for the people of the valley. (Updated: Sep, 7, 2011)
American Lieutenant Colonel Lewis Lee Hawkins who was attached to the U.S. Military Assistance Advisory Group to the Imperial Iranian Armed Forces in Tehran was assassinated in Tehran on the morning of June, 2,, 1973, as he was walking from his home to a street corner to be picked up by his driver. Two MKO members riding a motorcycle fired a couple of gun shots at point-blank range and killed him instantly.
Later investigations reveal that it was a blind-target assassination as a show against the imperialist presence in Iran. The CIA backed coup of 1953 was a turning point that switched public opinion towards the US image; from a reliable partner into a devil intruder.
The puppet Iranian regime at the time started an all out war on resistance, labeling them all as terrorist. The MKO was thought to have been completely silenced until Aug, 28, 1976 when the group plotted against 3 American spies in Tehran and killed them all during a sophisticated operation.
MKO fell at odds with the Islamic Republic soon after the 1979 revolution. The new regime was little tolerated towards voices of dissent and things became ugly when MKO staged a military uprising and got involved in several bloody bombings. Probably, the turning point was the time when the group lost all popular support after fleeing to Iraq and fighting against Iran. US harbored the group after occupation of Iraq in 2003 but it keeps MKO on its list of terrorist groups despite the fact that the European Union removed the group from its similar list of terrorist organizations in 2009. (Updated: Nov, 27, 2010)
- Mohammad Reza Shah : محمدرضا شاه(Mohammadreza Shah) شاهنشاه،آريامهر،پهلوي
- Tehran University : دانشگاه تهران(University of Tehran)
- Amirabbas Hoveida : اميرعباس هويدا(Amir Abbas Hoveyda)
- Islamic Republic : جمهوري اسلامي
- Prime Minister : نخست وزير رئيس الوزرا
- Hossein Amanat : حسين امانت
- European Union : اتحاديه اروپا(EU, E.U.)
- Cyrus Cylinder : منشور کورش
- Iran Air Force : نيروي هوايي ايران
- Fars Province : استان فارس(Persis)
- Azadi Square : ميدان آزادي
- Azadi Tower : برج آزادي
- Achaemenid : هخامنشي
- Reza Shah : رضا شاه(Sardar Sepah, Reza Gholdor) رضا خان
- Sassanid : ساساني(Sasanian)
- Khorasan : خراسان(Khorassan)
- American : آمريكائي ينگه دنيائي
- Iran Air : ايران اير
- Hoveida : هويدا
- Shahyad : شهياد(Azadi)
- Ardakan : اردکان(Artakan) آرتاکن
- Iranian : ايراني اهل ايران ، وابستهبه ايران
- Sheklab : شکلاب
- Islamic : اسلامي
- British : انگليسي
- Kamehr : کامهر
- Kakkan : کاکٌان
- Tehran : تهران(Teheran, Tahran) طهران
- Turkey : ترکيه
- Cyrus : کورش(Kurosh, Kourosh, Koresh)
- Armed : مسلح
- Yasuj : ياسوج
- Azadi : آزادي
- Iraq : عراق(Al Aragh)
- Iran : ايران
- Shah : شاه پادشاه
- Fars : فارس
- MKO : سمخ(PMOI,MEK,sazman-e mojahedin-e khalgh-e iran) سازمان مجاهدين خلق،گروهک منافقين
- Qir : قير
- CIA : سيا(C.I.A.)
- US : ايالات متحده
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