The Iranian History 1968 AD


Wrestling Champion Takhti Found Dead

Jan, 7, 1968 AD

Rhagae Babouyeh cemetery famous wrestler Takhti's Tomb 2009Gholamreza Takhti, the most famous wrestler in the Iranian history was found dead on Jan, 7, 1968 in his room at the Atlantic hotel in Tehran.
Takhti was born on Aug, 27, 1930 in a poor family in Khaniabad district of Tehran. He barely finished 9th grade at school and continued his life as an athlete. Starting at one of the Iranian traditional Martial Arts arenas called Zoorkhaneh and became a member of the Poolad Club at the age of 20. He earned his first gold medals in 1956 Olympics in Melbourne and soon became one of the most honored figures in Iranian sports arena.
But his fame went beyond medals as he had a remarkable chivalrous character. After a major earthquake in Boin Zahra, He walked down one of the main streets of Tehran and asked people for aid. Inspired by this behavior many famous figures of the time followed his path.
Takhti had democratic beliefs and he was a fan of Dr. Mosaddegh and a member of the Iranian National Front. Thus, he was naturally a threat to the despot regime of Pahlavi. Following the unrests on June, 5, 1963, he was elected to the central council of the Iran National Front. SAVAK tagged him as a political dissident and Iran's Ministry of Information and Security started putting obstacles against him so that he could not attend international competitions. Mosaddegh died on Mar, 5, 1967 and Takhti was threatened by security forces not to attend the funeral. As was expected from the champion, he did not back up and asked the police to arrest him if they could.
It was hard for people to believe it when the government called his death a suicide, many speculated about it as a murder by SAVAK which was not uncommon for political dissidents at the time, however there were never further proofs available and no such records were found on files after the Pahlavi regime was overthrown in 1979.
Takhti had registered his last will one day before his death at a notary. He now rests in Ebn Babouyeh Cemetery in Rhagae south of Tehran. (Updated: Sep, 21, 2009)

Soviet PM Visits Tehran

Apr, 2, 1968 AD

On Jan, 13, 1966 Majlis approved an agreement made between Iran and USSR according to which Soviets were to build a steel mill in Isfahan with an output capacity of 550,000 tons of steel per year. By Jan, 1971 the plant was fully operational.Soviet Premier Aleksei Kosygin came to Tehran for a week-long state visit on April, 2, 1968 on Sizdeh Bedar Day, the 13th day of the Persian New Year.
World War II had brought the start of American dominance in Iran's political arena, and with an anti-Soviet Cold War, the United States moved to convert Iran into an anti-communist block, thus ending Russia's influence on Iran for many years to come but Kosygin was more than welcome; after years of nearly total dependence on the West, Mohammad Reza Shah was turning his country increasingly toward Russia, his once hostile northern neighbor, seeking friendship, trade and backing for his ambitious industrial development plans.
The Russians, on the other hand, were nice to Iran. Capitalizing on the Shah's determination to industrialize, they offered him heavy machinery and even fully installed industrial plants, complete with Soviet technicians, in exchange for iron ore and petroleum. Five other East European countries followed Russia's lead and agreed to build him 19 major factories, 500 miles of railroad and a pipeline to carry natural gas from the Persian Gulf to the Caspian Sea.
The dearest project was the $300 million Russian steel mill (Zobahan) under construction at Isfahan. Steel mills are status symbols to all developing countries, and Iran yearned for one for years. The Shah himself broke ground for the plant last month, and the declared purpose of Kosygin's trip was to pay a visit to its site. Obviously, there was not a great deal to see yet, but the new mill was a convenient excuse for the Soviet Premier to negotiate in person for even bigger deals. (Updated: Sep, 28, 2011)

Iran's First Female Minister

Aug, 27, 1968 AD

First Iranian female Minister Dr. Farrokhroo ParsayMrs. Farrokhroo Parsa was born on 22 March 1922, some minutes past Norooz eve in Qom. She proved to be a brilliant student at Homa primary school. After obtaining a college degree in natural sciences, she became a biology teacher in Jeanne d'Arc high school in Tehran where Farah Diba was one of her students. She was admitted to Tehran University as a medical student and was graduated as a doctor in 1950. But she did not practice medicine and preferred to work at the Ministry of Culture.
She soon became active in politics and participated in parties that advocated issues such as women suffrage. Parsa became a Majlis representative in 1963. On Aug, 27, 1968 she became Minister of Education in the cabinet of Prime Minister Amirabbas Hoveida's government, thus becoming the first female minister in Iran's history.
However, this brilliant personality had a strange destiny. She was arrested after the 1979 revolution and was prosecuted in Revolutionary Court headed by Ayatollah Khalkhali. She wrote in a letter sent to her family that she would not bow to those who expected her to express regret for fifty years of her efforts for equality between men and women. Apparently, at the primitive court, she was given a last chance to repent which she refused. Farrokhroo Parsa was executed on May,8 , 1980 on charges of being Corrupter on Earth. (Updated: Sep, 21, 2009)

Phantoms Arrive In Iran

Sep, 18, 1968 AD

First Iranian female Pilots graduated in Ghalemorghi military airfield. Sassandokht Sassani (L) and Akram Monfared ®US delivered a fleet of 16 F-4D Phantom jet planes to Iran on Sep, 18, 1968. Mohammad Reza Shah planned ambitiously to become the greatest military power in the Middle East. Besides, the United States saw Iran as a strong ally for Israel and part of a tampon region alongside Turkey and Pakistan against The Soviet Union. F-4 Phantom II was a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor fighter/bomber originally developed for the U.S. Navy by McDonnell Aircraft. First entering service in 1960, the Phantom continued to form a major part of the U.S. military air power throughout the 1970s and 1980s,
Iranian Phantoms immediately started engaging Soviet MIG 25 jets that entered Iranian airspace illegally, but F-4Ds were too slow comparatively. After that, Iranian Phantoms became active in a war in favor of king of Oman against rebels during which one plane was shot down.
Iran ordered 208 F-4E Phantoms in early 1970s. US delivered 177 units until 1979, but did not completely comply with the agreement. Apart from official deliveries, there were unregistered Iranian Phantoms equipped with cutting edge spying technology. These ghost planes could be traced by missing serial numbers given by the Iranian Air Force.
Although Iran could only use %40 of its large fleet of 225 Phantoms in the Iran–Iraq War, the Soviet made Iraqi MIG fleet was soon practically paralyzed. This comparative advantage did not last long; specially after US pressure, embargo and delivery of high tech military equipments such as French Mirage jet planes to Iraq.
There are still some mysteries related to Iranian Phantoms: On Aug, 31, 1984 an Iranian F-4 pilot sought refuge in Saudi Arabia. Inspections on his plane showed that it had been overhauled by parts registered to some NATO countries.
Iran is still using some of the old fleet of Phantoms alongside MIGs and is on fast track of developing her home-made air fleet. (Updated: Apr, 6, 2010)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Corrupter on Earth : مفسد في الارض عامل فساد بر روي زمين
  • Tehran University : دانشگاه تهران(University of Tehran) Media_Files
  • Amirabbas Hoveida : اميرعباس هويدا(Amir Abbas Hoveyda) Media_Files
  • Iranian Air Force : نيروي هوايي ايران(IAF,IRIAF,The Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force) نيروي هوايي ارتش جمهوري اسلامي ايران،نهاجا Media_Files
  • Gholamreza Takhti : غلامرضا تختي
  • Farrokhroo Parsa : فرخ رو پارساي(فرخرو پارسا)
  • Prime Minister : نخست وزير رئيس الوزرا Media_Files
  • National Front : جبهه ملي(Iran's National Front,Jebhe Melli) جبهه ملي ايران Media_Files
  • United States : ايالات متحده
  • Iran–Iraq War : جنگ ايران و عراق Media_Files
  • Saudi Arabia : عربستان سعودي
  • Jeanne d'Arc : ژان دارک(Joan of Arc)
  • World War II : جنگ جهاني دوم(Second World War) Media_Files
  • Persian Gulf : خليج فارس کَنداب پارس Media_Files
  • Sizdeh Bedar : سيزده به در(13-Bedar,Nature Day) روز طبيعت
  • Soviet Union : اتحاديه جماهير شوروي
  • Caspian Sea : درياي کاسپين Media_Files
  • Middle East : خاورميانه
  • Farah Diba : فرح ديبا(Shahbanou Farah Pahlavi) شهبانو فرح پهلوي Media_Files
  • Zoorkhaneh : زورخانه Media_Files
  • Boin Zahra : بوئين زهرا
  • Khalkhali : خلخالي
  • Melbourne : ملبورن
  • Ayatollah : آيت الله Media_Files
  • Mosaddegh : مصدق(Mossaddegh, Mosaddeq) دکتر محمد مصدق،مصدق السلطنه Media_Files
  • Khaniabad : خاني آباد
  • McDonnell : مک دانل
  • Reza Shah : رضا شاه(Sardar Sepah, Reza Gholdor) رضا خان Media_Files
  • Babouyeh : بابويه Media_Files
  • Cold War : جنگ سرد
  • Pakistan : پاکستان Media_Files
  • American : آمريكائي‌ ينگه‌ دنيائي‌ Media_Files
  • Olympics : المپيک Media_Files
  • Atlantic : آتلانتيک
  • Phantom : فانتوم Media_Files
  • Hoveida : هويدا Media_Files
  • Zobahan : ذوب آهن Media_Files
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Persian : فارسي(Farsi,Parsi) ايراني پارسي Media_Files
  • Caspian : کاسپين(Caspian Sea, Mazandaran, Khazar Sea) بحر خزر، درياي مازندران Media_Files
  • Isfahan : اصفهان(Esfahan, Sepahan,Esparan) اسپه دانه، اسپهان Media_Files
  • Russian : روسي Media_Files
  • Pahlavi : پهلوي(Pahlevi) Media_Files
  • Arabia : عربستان Media_Files
  • Tehran : تهران(Teheran, Tahran) طهران Media_Files
  • Russia : روسيه Media_Files
  • Soviet : شوروي Media_Files
  • Norooz : نوروز(Nowrooz,Noruz,Nevruz,Nawruz) Media_Files
  • Rhagae : ري(Ray, Rey) شهر ري Media_Files
  • French : فرانسوي Media_Files
  • Turkey : ترکيه Media_Files
  • Poolad : پولاد(Foolad) فولاد
  • Takhti : تختي Media_Files
  • Israel : اسراييل فلسطين اشغالي Media_Files
  • Majlis : مجلس(Majles) Media_Files
  • Iraqi : عراقي
  • Saudi : سعودي
  • SAVAK : ساواک سازمان اطلاعات و امنيت کشور Media_Files
  • Oman : عمان(Umman) Media_Files
  • Homa : هما Media_Files
  • Iraq : عراق(Al Aragh) Media_Files
  • Diba : ديبا Media_Files
  • NATO : ناتو سازمان پيمان آتلانتيک شمالي
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files
  • Shah : شاه پادشاه‌ Media_Files
  • Qom : قم(Ghom) Media_Files
  • Mig : ميگ
  • US : ايالات متحده Media_Files

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