Relations between Iraq and Iran have been tense occasionally. One of the most pressing issues between the two nations is the Kurdish people living in a hardly policed mountainous area between Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and Syria.
Kurds in Iraq, led by Mustafa Barzani and seeking autonomy, have been in rebellion against the Baghdad government. The Peshmarge guerrilla war touched off an angry border clash between Iraq and Iran.
Iraqi troops violated Iranian border pursuing Kurdish rebels, while Iraqi MIG jets strafed Kurds in villages on the Iranian side. Iran charged that a 150-man Iraqi force shelled the Iranian village of Tang Hamam, executed two captured Iranian gendarmes, and hacked their bodies to bits.
Iraq denied all, accusing Iranian border guards of accompanying Kurdish infiltrators. Iran protested that 100 armed Iraqis had invaded Iran, attacking Iranian nationals and rustling cattle. Iran accused Iraq of air attacks resulting in seven Iranians dead and 20 wounded in the frontier fray.
Iranian Foreign Minister Gholam Abbas Aram used the occasion to bring up a dispute between the two countries over the Arvand River, whose waters, which empty into the Persian Gulf, they are supposed to share. Aram accused Iraq of obstructing Iranian traffic, ignoring a 1937 agreement that was meant to regulate use of the river waters. Aram announced that the Iranian government regarded the agreement as breached. Iran mobilized its forces along the border, alerted its elite Kermanshah Division, scrambled its U.S.-built supersonic F-5 jet fighters, vowing to silence the voice of Iraqi artillery and crush any further Iraqi aggression.
The Iraqi authorities received the strong message clearly and started acting more cautiously on the border issues.
USSR and USA were major suppliers of arms to Iraq and Iran respectively and enjoyed benefits of such conflicts.
In 1980 under Saddam Hussein, Iraq's invasion of Iran resulted in the 8 year old Iran–Iraq War, marking the longest conventional war of the 20th century. (Updated: Oct, 11, 2011)
20 years after it's creation in 1946, Iran is admitted to UNESCO. The 20th century became the time of communication among nations, this became possible by merits of advance in telecommunication. Information on economy, culture, and politics among nations became more available to more layers of societies thus leading to better understanding among civilizations. Iranians were living under a despotic monarch: Shah Pahlavi 2, but entering the UNESCO led to some minor changes in democratic structure of the country.
There's a reason behind Iran's late admission to UNESCO; in a letter dated July, 20, 1947 from the Ministry of Culture, it's mentioned that the Cabinet of Ministers had approved Iran's membership back on May, 20, 1946 but tied the final approval to the Majlis which did not take place in time and Iran's membership was delayed for some 20 years.
UNESCO supports efforts to eliminate illiteracy, encourages free education, and acts as a means for exchange of ideas and knowledge. After 1972, UNESCO sponsored an international agreement to establish a World Heritage list of cultural sites and natural areas that would enjoy government protection. Registration of some historic sites in Iran with UNESCO somehow saved some of these cultural heritages from public and state ignorance In 1984 the U.S. withdrew from UNESCO, then the U.K. and Singapore withdrew a year later. U.K. rejoined in 1997, and the U.S. followed suit in 2003. The general structure of the United Nations is in favor of a few countries and therefore weaker nations have been forced into organizations such as non-allied nations movement.
In Oct, 2011, The Palestinians gained initial approval for full membership in UNESCO. In revenge US pulled UNESCO funding after Palestine was granted full membership, denoting double standards against an oppressed nation. (Updated: Feb, 17, 2009)
- Saddam Hussein : صدام حسين
- United Nations : ملل متحد
- Iran–Iraq War : جنگ ايران و عراق
- Persian Gulf : خليج فارس کَنداب پارس
- Tang Hamam : تنگ حمام(Tang-e-Hamam)
- Kermanshah : کرمانشاه(Bakhtaran) باختران
- Singapore : سنگاپور
- Peshmarge : پشمرگه(Peshmergah)
- Palestine : فلسطين
- Kurdish : کرد
- Barzani : برزاني بارزاني
- Iranian : ايراني اهل ايران ، وابستهبه ايران
- Persian : فارسي(Farsi,Parsi) ايراني پارسي
- Baghdad : بغداد
- Pahlavi : پهلوي(Pahlevi)
- UNESCO : يونسکو
- Saddam : صدام(Saddam ?ussein Tikriti) صدّام حسين تکريتي
- Turkey : ترکيه
- Arvand : اروندرود(Shat-ol-Arab,Arvand Rood,Shatt-al-Arab,Shattolarab) رودخانه اروند،شط العرب
- Majlis : مجلس(Majles)
- Iraqi : عراقي
- Syria : سوريه
- Hamam : حمام گرمابه
- Iraq : عراق(Al Aragh)
- USSR : اتحاد جماهير شوروي(Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.))
- Iran : ايران
- Shah : شاه پادشاه
- USA : ايالات متحده امريکا(United States of America, US, U.S.A.)
- F-5 : اف-5
- Mig : ميگ
- US : ايالات متحده
Latest Additions to Iranian History Chronicle: