The Iranian History 1955 AD

 


Grounds For CENTO Treaty Provided

Feb, 18, 1955 AD

	Three U.S. Air Force McDonnell Douglas F-4E Phantom II aircraft parked at Shiraz Air Base (Iran) during exercise Cento, 1 August 1977. Modeled after NATO, CENTO aimed to counter the threat of Soviet expansion into the Middle East.In the midst of a cold war between the east and west block, a military cooperation treaty between Iraq and Turkey was signed in Baghdad at the urging of the U.S. and Britain. Modeled after NATO, CENTO aimed to counter the threat of Soviet expansion into the Middle East. After Britain, Pakistan signed the treaty on Sep, 24, 1955, then Iran entered CENTO on Oct, 12, 1955. The draft regarding Iran's membership was presented to the senate by Prime Minister Hossein Ala on Oct, 12 and approved by the parliament 11 days later.
In 1959 anti-Soviet monarchy was overthrown in Iraq and after Iraq's withdrawal from the treaty it was named CENTO. In the same year the U.S. became an associate member, and CENTO headquarters were moved to Ankara. CENTO was never very effective but it caused tensions in the region. On Feb, 18, 1959, the Soviet leader Khrushchev criticized Mohammad Reza Shah for misusing Iran as a tool in the hands of the U.S.
On March, 25, 1979 Iran withdrew and CENTO was dissolved. (Updated: Dec, 9, 2008)





New Additions To Municipality Law

Jun, 24, 1955 AD

Tehan city Municipality (Persian : Shahrdari)  (Arabic : Baladiyeh)The first municipality law was presented to Majlis on March, 21, 1907 and was codified in 5 chapters and under 108 headlines on June, 2, 1907. At first, the City Council members were chosen by people but after the coup in 1921, city councils went again under state control.
On June, 24, 1955, both Senate and Majlis passed a new law that authorized founding a municipality in every city that has a population more than 5000. The population restriction could be overridden if the situation of the city necessitates a municipality. In case, revenues and economic level of the population is not enough to afford a municipality, the Ministry of Interior Affairs is authorized to dissolve the city municipality. The law further authorized the ministry to even establish seasonal municipalities as necessary.
***This article is primarily based on Iranian National Library Document #: 7562 - 113006, and article # 1105 on Fouman.com*** (Updated: Jul, 16, 2010)





English-Persian Glossary
  • Mohammad Reza Shah : محمدرضا شاه(Mohammadreza Shah) شاهنشاه،آريامهر،پهلوي Media_Files
  • Prime Minister : نخست وزير رئيس الوزرا Media_Files
  • Hossein Ala : حسين علاء(Moenolvozara) Media_Files
  • Middle East : خاورميانه
  • Khrushchev : خروشچف(Nikita Khrushchev)
  • Reza Shah : رضا شاه(Sardar Sepah, Reza Gholdor) رضا خان Media_Files
  • Pakistan : پاکستان Media_Files
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Baghdad : بغداد Media_Files
  • Britain : بريتانيا انگليس Media_Files
  • Senate : سنا(House of Senate,House of Lords) مجلس سنا،کاخ شنا Media_Files
  • Ankara : آنکارا Media_Files
  • Soviet : شوروي Media_Files
  • Turkey : ترکيه Media_Files
  • Fouman : فومن Media_Files
  • Majlis : مجلس(Majles) Media_Files
  • CENTO : سنتو(Baghdad Pact) پيمان بغداد Media_Files
  • Iraq : عراق(Al Aragh) Media_Files
  • NATO : ناتو سازمان پيمان آتلانتيک شمالي
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files
  • Shah : شاه پادشاه‌ Media_Files
  • Ala : علا

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