The Iranian History 1949 AD


Assassination Attempt Against Shah Failed

Feb, 4, 1949 AD

President Truman shaking hands with the Mohammad Reza Shah of Iran at Washington National Airport. 11-16-1949On the 11th year anniversary of the Tehran University opening, while Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was making a speech, he was shot at in front of the faculty of law. The attacker was later identified as Naser Fakhrayi, with a press identification card, disguised as reporter / photographer for the newspaper Parcham Eslam.
Mohammad Reza Shah survived the assassination attempt with minor injuries. On the same day, the Toodeh party had organized a meeting commemorating death of Taghi Arani, the founder of the communist party in Iran that had mysteriously died in prison in 1940. Just a day before the incident, students had staged a demonstration against the agreements made with the British that gave them exclusive rights on the petroleum industry.
After the incident a military curfew was declared and many dissidents were arrested. The Toodeh Communist Party which the shooter reportedly belonged to was banned, and arrest warrants against the administration of Toodeh which had organic ties to the Soviet Union were issued. The whole scene led to speculations about the assassination scenario which was allegedly staged to suppress dissidents. Sooner, a law passed the parliament giving the young Shah extra powers that he desired for his dictatorship. (Updated: Feb, 5, 2008)

Shah Completes US Tour

Dec, 30, 1949 AD

Mohamed Reza Shah makes a speech during a visit to US at Washington Airport Nov, 16, 1949Mohammad Reza Pahlavi completed his tour of the United States and departed for Iran. President Truman provided transportation by sending his private airplane to Iran. Shah was welcomed by the US President at Washington National Airport on Nov, 16, 1949. Shah reportedly visited various industrial and agricultural institutions alongside military installations whose technical operations could be applied in Iran.
A joint statement was issued on the day of his departure on Dec, 30, 1949 in which the United States made clear its desire for the maintenance of the independence and integrity of Iran. There was emphasis on economic and social progress in Iran for which US showed full support with investments of private capital in the Iranian economy. The United States offered certain military assistance essential to enable Iran's self-defense.
Shah needed US support against UK and USSR and somehow had no other way but to accept US military presence and further meddling in Iran affairs that was followed by a 1953 CIA backed coup. Once Iranians had Mohammad Ali Shah, a puppet of Russia and then there was Mohammad Reza Shah puppet of America. (Updated: Aug, 25, 2009)

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