The Iranian History 1940 AD

 


Iran Offers Alliance To Britain

Feb, 1, 1940 AD

Reza Shah Pahlavi UniformOn Feb, 1, 1940, the Iranian Minister of War secretly proposed a joint military operation against the Bolsheviks. In a telegraph sent to the British Ministry of Foreign Affairs by Horace Seymour, the Minister Plenipotentiary to Iran, it was conveyed that an attack from Russians could be eminent and although the proposal seemed to be without Reza Shah's consent, the Iranian minister asked for British help in modernizing the Persian army. However, the response received on Feb, 9 was negative, stating that; "At this point it is not necessary or suitable to answer this proposal because Iran will be a trouble-making ally for Britain." The British foreign ministry added that, Britain may be able to deploy troops to northern Iraq and even help bomb Baku but if Tehran came under attack, it would be impossible for them to send infantry units there.
Reza Shah had been playing Britain and Russia against each other for a long time and he was trying to play his cards as best as he could to get a modern air force. However, his worst dream came true and the two enemies of Iran made an agreement to invade Iran simultaneously in Aug, 1941. (Updated: Jan, 7, 2009)





Britain Refuses Selling Airplanes To Iran

Mar, 3, 1940 AD

On June, 26, 1941 Iran Declared Neutrality At WWII but Allied Powers Invade Iran in August and plundered the country. American Airplanes in Abadan airfield are ready to be delivered to USSR on a loan to own basis.A request by the Iranian government to purchase some airplanes from Britain was denied. The Iranian air force had been founded by airplanes purchased from Russia and Germany. After Iran created naval units by help from Italians, the English hegemony in the Persian Gulf came to an end and therefore they could not digest the thought of a strong Iranian air force. Years later, Iranians built the strongest air force in the region by purchases made from the US until 1979 revolution. (Updated: Dec, 1, 2007)





Radio Tehran Founded

Apr, 24, 1940 AD

The first radio station building in Tehran 1941The cabinet of ministers approved the bill that authorized usage of radio in Iran on Sep, 24, 1934. The law required a permission from the Ministry of Post to install antenna and equipment.
In 1939, the wireless school of the army opened at Ministry of War. In order to acquire knowledge and technology for operating short wave transmitters, some of the personnel of this wireless station were dispatched to France and received training needed to operate a radio station.
On Jan, 5, 1939 the Radio Commission appointed the British Standard Co. with the task of making two short wave transmitters with a power of 2 and 20 kilowatts. At the same time, the Ministry of Post and Telegraph ordered construction of a building in central Tehran to be used as studio and a wireless telecommunications center.
On April, 24, 1940 Iran's first long-wave radio station, wireless transmitter with a power of 10 kilowatts was placed at Bisim (Wireless) on the Jaddeh Shemiran (Shariati Street). The tower had a height of 120 meters which was a noticeable view at the time. Finally, Radio Tehran was inaugurated after the transmitter was installed; a makeshift studio had been built at the wireless station. In the beginning, Radio Tehran didn't have live news and serious reports. It mostly aired music and cultural programs. The radio was first associated with music in the Iranian society with 8 hours of program per day. Gradually, radio programs began to have more variety to address a greater audience, as the number of listeners grew so did the operation hours.
For a while, radio transmission was made on medium and short waves in a small studio at Bisim Station. In 1950, a new station was dedicated to Radio Iran at the Arg Square of Tehran, Radio Tehran operated separately at a studio nearby. (Updated: Nov, 9, 2012)





Mansour Appointed Prime Minister

Jun, 25, 1940 AD

Iranian politician Rajab Ali Mansour aka MansurolMolk, (1895 - 8 December 1974 in Tehran) was a Prime Minister of Iran twice. He was the father of Hasan Ali Mansour.Born in Tehran, he served as an unpopular Governor of Khorasan and Azarbaijan provinces,Reza Shah appointed Rajabali Mansour as the new Prime Minister. The pro-German Matin Daftari could only remain prime minister for 8 months and Reza Shah's plans to get the best of the conflict in Europe proved wrong. For one thing, nobody could ever think that arch foes Soviets and British could put aside their differences and unite against Germany.
Rajabali Mansour swiftly presented his cabinet of ministers to the Majlis on June, 30th. Right after his cabinet and his programs were approved by the parliament, Mansour who was a known as an anglophile, tried to make up for Daftari's mistakes so to say. But he could not fulfill his duties as expected. He finally had to resign on Aug, 27, 1941. (Updated: Feb, 11, 2009)





Mosaddegh Sent To Exile In Ahmadabad

Dec, 4, 1940 AD

Mossadegh the leader of Nationalization of Oil Movement living in exile, under house arrest in Ahmadabad. Putting political opposition under house arrest has become a tradition presented to the Iranian society by CIA backed coup of 1953.Mosaddegh's political activities raised an ire during the reign of Reza Shah as well as his son Mohammad Reza Shah's. Reza Shah had imprisoned Mosaddegh in Birjand and then sent him to Ahmadabad near Karaj. Mosaddegh was kept under house arrest. Reza Shah was forced to abdicate in favour of his son in 1941 after Allied Powers invaded Iran. He was forced to leave the country, taken in a British ship to the Maurice Island, and then to South Africa, where he died.
As a part of a general pardon that followed Mohammad Reza Shah's accession to the throne that year, some prisoners including Mosaddegh were set free. Mosaddegh kept on his activities for democracy and defending people's rights. He was elected as the first parliament representative from Tehran. After the military coup in 1953 he was sent to prison again. After 3 years he was sent to Ahmadabad and kept there in exile for the rest of his life until he died. (Updated: Dec, 5, 2007)





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