The Iranian History 1935 AD

 


Persia Shall Be Called Iran

Mar, 22, 1935 AD

TIME cover 09-08-1941 of Iranian leader Reza Shah PahlaviBy decree of Reza Shah Pahlavi, the name of Persia was changed to the name by which that country's natives have always known it, Iran. In reality Persia is only a southern province. Although foreigners have called our land Persia, local residents have always called it Iran. The Shah's decision with respect to the diplomatic corps, acted from the national and patriotic motives that inspire his new nationalist policy.
There are some other examples: Japan is Nippon, Germany is Deutschland, Egypt is Mesr, Greece is Hellas, and Finland is Suomi according to natives. This decree indeed was a decision to eliminate further confusion. (Updated: Oct, 19, 2008)





Majlis Tenth Term Begins

Jun, 15, 1935 AD

Reza Shah Cabinet MinistersThe head of the parliament in an official letter to the government on June, 15, 1935 announced that 3/4 of all deputies attended the assembly on Thursday, June, 13. The letter from the head of the legislation body to the executive body is part of a formality.
The United States was observing an approaching policy towards Iran. Iran also needed a balancing third power to play against influential UK and USSR. Thus the two countries entered a joint venture. As it was a foreign deal, parliament approval was needed. Thus, Majlis granted a license for exploration and sales of petroleum in the eastern region to Amiranian Oil Company.
Another important issue was a bill regarding foundation of Iran State Railways. A project that in West was regarded as one of Reza Shah's great ambitions. The great Trans-Iranian Railway project was only financed by adding a small tax on sugar and tea and was completed in a very short time.
A non-aggression pact between Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey and Iraq was negotiated in the tenth term.
The tenth Majlis ended on June, 12, 1937. (Updated: May, 28, 2009)





Dr. Schacht Visits Tehran

Nov, 11, 1935 AD

German Dr Hjalmar Schacht served as the Currency Commissioner and President of the Reichsbank under the Weimar Republic. He travelled twice to Iran as an economic advisor and proposed his famous economic plan without petroleum.London newspapers expressed concern after Hjalmar Schacht visited Tehran on Nov, 11, 1935. Reza Shah personally met with this German economist known in Iran as Dr. Schacht. Reza Shah was looking for an alternative to reduce British and Russian influence in Iran. He gave Reza Shah the path to use customs and taxes in order towards industrialization.
After the WWII, he was tried at Nuremburg but was acquitted. Then he travelled to Tehran again in Sep, 1953 and presented his economic plan without petroleum which included fiscal and monetary policy along with methods of decreasing government expenses. Dr. Mosaddegh was implementing this plan before the coup of 1953.
On Feb, 7, 1953, Dr. Schacht travelled to Tehran for a third time. General Zahedi, the Prime Minister of the military junta tried to get his approval for issuing 20 Tomans banknotes which Dr. Schacht strongly opposed to. Ferdowsi chain stores which were founded to reduce intermediate dealers and thus keeping prices low were one of his ideas implemented by Germans in Iran. (Updated: Jul, 23, 2010)





Reza Shah Dismisses Prime Minister

Dec, 1, 1935 AD

Reza Shah 500 IrlsMohammad Ali Foroughi was dismissed from duty by Reza Shah after allegations that he was misusing his authority in favor of relatives. Before becoming prime minister, Foroughi had served as minister of foreign affairs and later as minister in charge of economy. 6 years later Foroughi played a significant role in toppling Reza Shah, an event after which the Shah was sent to exile in the Maurice Island. Foroughi died 15 months after Iran surrendered to the Allied Powers on Nov, 26, 1942. (Updated: Dec, 2, 2007)





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