The Iranian History 1934 AD


No Foreign Words In Formal Communications

May, 3, 1934 AD

Famous Persian poet Ferdowsi's Statue in his Mausoleum in ToosOn May, 3, 1934, notes on a regulation circulated by the Treasury outlines the necessity to use Persian words for official communications specially when it comes to foreign currencies and units of measurements. At the age of modernization, using foreign words becomes fashion. At the beginning of the 20th century, French and Russian terms entered Iranian literature. After the WWII, English became the dominant language until today.
Fortunately, there has always been a tendency among true Iranians to preserve Persian as a national heritage against intrusion of foreign terms. The most renown person who devoted himself to revival of Persian language was Ferdowsi aka the father of Persian literature. There is an institution in charge of finding new Persian words equivalent to their foreign terms, however, the entity and its members, like many other institutions in Iran are too old to adopt to the fast age of communication. (Updated: Oct, 15, 2009)

Reza Shah Visits Turkey

Jun, 11, 1934 AD

Reza Shah adored the Turkish leader Mustafa Kemal Ataturk as the founder of modern TurkeyReza Shah took off on his only travel to a foreign country on June, 2, 1934. He was accompanied by 17 people, mostly high ranking military officers.
A brief background of Iran-Turkey Relations : Reza Shah was the first person to congratulated Ataturk after foundation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, sending him a sword and a Quran as gift. On Apr, 22, 1926, a treaty of friendship and security was signed between the two countries. Although some incidents in the Kurdish region and foreign meddling prevented the two countries from approaching further, the leaders of these two neighboring countries tried to resolve border disputes and signed a new treaty in Ankara on Nov, 5, 1932
Reza Shah's trip to Turkey marked the beginning of a new era in Iran-Turkey relationship. After short stops in Tabriz, Khoy and Maku, the Iranian mission entered Turkey on June, 11. They were accompanied by Turkish authorities through Kars, Erzurum, Trabzon, Samsun and arrived in Ankara on June, 16, 1934. They stayed in Turkey for 38 days and visited military, historical and other installations before returning to Tehran On July, 11.
Among other things, Reza Shah was very much impressed by modernization in Turkey and believed that Iran lacked participation of women in the society in order to develop. He founded many modern educational and public institutions and passed regulations that practically banned veil and changed the way Iranians were to dress on Dec, 23, 1935. (Updated: Feb, 11, 2010)

Pars News Agency Founded

Aug, 10, 1934 AD

Cabinet of Prime Minister Mohammad Ali Foroughi in Majlis 1934 (Foroughi, Jam, Davar, Hassan-Ali Mansour, Sadr, Nezamedin Hekmat, Ali Alsghar Hekmat, Gen. Ahmad Nakhjavan, Morteza Gholi Bayat, Mozaffar Alam, Soheyli)During a visit to Turkey, Reza Shah became interested in opening a similar institution to the Anatolia news agency. That's how Pars News Agency came to life. The primary duty of this organization was defined as : Reporting government decisions, Parliament legislations, and activities related to Iranian private and public sectors. The new management change on July, 12, 1956 followed some structural reforms. A more professional atmosphere that was necessary for news feeds for the national radio, and public press was created. Two years later, when the national TV was born, a photograph and film archive was added to the agency. Publishing news in English and opening local offices in foreign countries was the next step. The internal rules were strict. Records show that people working for the company could lose their jobs for just one mistake such as : showing up 5 minutes late, using wrong punctuation, or using foreign phrases instead of Persian.
After the regime change in 1979, the agency changed to IRNA. There are currently more than 20 official news agencies operating in Iran such as ISNA, ILNA, FARS, MEHR, etc. (Updated: Feb, 11, 2009)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Parliament : پارلمان مجلس‌ ، مجلس‌ شورا Media_Files
  • Reza Shah : رضا شاه(Sardar Sepah, Reza Gholdor) رضا خان Media_Files
  • Ferdowsi : فردوسي(Ferdosi,Firdusi or Firdousi) Media_Files
  • Anatolia : آناتولي(Asia Minor,Anadolu,Turkey) ترکيه،آناتولي Media_Files
  • Erzurum : ارضروم‌(Erzerum,Arzerum) ارزن‌ الروم‌
  • Kurdish : کرد Media_Files
  • Trabzon : ترابزن
  • Ataturk : آتاتورک Media_Files
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Persian : فارسي(Farsi,Parsi) ايراني پارسي Media_Files
  • Russian : روسي Media_Files
  • Ankara : آنکارا Media_Files
  • Tehran : تهران(Teheran, Tahran) طهران Media_Files
  • Tabriz : تبريز(Tebriz) Media_Files
  • French : فرانسوي Media_Files
  • Turkey : ترکيه Media_Files
  • Samsun : سامسون
  • Quran : قرآن(Koran,Qoran,Ghoran) Media_Files
  • ISNA : ايسنا(Iran Students News Agency)
  • IRNA : ايرنا(Islamic Republic News Agency)
  • ILNA : ايلنا(Iran Labor News Agency)
  • Maku : ماکو Media_Files
  • Khoy : خوي Media_Files
  • Mehr : مهر
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files
  • Kars : کارس قارص
  • WWII : جنگ جهاني دوم Media_Files
  • Shah : شاه پادشاه‌ Media_Files
  • Fars : فارس Media_Files

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