The Iranian History 1933 AD

 


Majlis Ninth Term Begins

Mar, 15, 1933 AD

Majlis Parliament Tehran, a passerby takes a souvenir photograph. Before the Islamic Revolution, Majlis was also the name of the lower house of the Iranian Legislature from 1906 to 1979, the upper house being the Senate.The first assembly of the 9th Majlis took place on March, 15, 1933.
After cancellation of the D'Arcy agreement by the Majlis eighth term, the government reached a new agreement with the British government, not perfect but it had better conditions in favor of Iran. On May, 28. 1933 a new license was granted to the British Petroleum Company for a period of 60 years. 18 years later, Iran was the scene of the biggest demonstrations ever in protest to this agreement and called approval of such a treaty by Majlis an act of treason,
Due to increasing need for trained experts, Reza Shah was convinced that a higher education institution was needed in Iran. Therefore measures were taken and a piece of land was allocated in Tehran for this purpose. Majlis approved formation of Tehran University on May, 29, 1934. Constructions of Iran's first university began immediately with Reza Shah's pick on the foundation on Feb, 4. The university was opened on March, 15, 1936.
In order to have a better control over Majlis representatives, Reza Shah ordered lifting political immunity of some deputies which had been a de factor of Majlis to keep members immune from the wrath of the king. Following this act, three representatives were deprived from their right and sent to prosecutor. These were representatives of Isfahan, Najafabad and Dezful.
Majlis ninth term was dissolved on Apr, 10, 1935. (Updated: May, 27, 2009)





Majlis Ratifies New Oil Agreement

May, 28, 1933 AD

Cabinet of Prime Minister Mohammad Ali Foroughi in Majlis 1934 (Foroughi, Jam, Davar, Hassan-Ali Mansour, Sadr, Nezamedin Hekmat, Ali Alsghar Hekmat, Gen. Ahmad Nakhjavan, Morteza Gholi Bayat, Mozaffar Alam, Soheyli)The attempt to revise the terms of the oil concession towards a fair basis for Iran led to long negotiations that took place between Abdolhossein Teimurtash and Anglo-Persian Oil Company officials from 1925 to 1932. The British government had injected new capital into the company in 1913 and acquired a controlling interest in APOC, therefore in October 1931, Reginald Hoare was appointed Minister to Persia to safeguard the interests of APOC.
After seeing no outcome from negotiations, Reza Shah asserted his authority and personally got involved in the negotiations. In 1932, after publicly rebuking Teimurtash for his failure to secure an agreement, the Persian government cancelled the oil concession granted to William Knox D'Arcy in 1901. The British government on behalf of APOC brought the dispute before the International Court of Justice at Hague. Reza Shah suddenly retreated to British demands and a new agreement with the Anglo-Persian Oil Company was agreed in April 1933. The agreement was ratified by Majlis on May 28, 1933 and received Royal assent the following day. Teimurtash was arrested and sentenced to five years in prison where he died in solitary confinement on Oct, 3, 1933.
The agreement reduced the area under APOC control to 100,000 square miles, required annual payments in lieu of Iranian income tax, as well as guaranteeing a minimum annual payment of £750,000 to the Iranian government but it also extended the life of the D'Arcy concession by an additional 32 years, and company's operations were exempted from import or customs duties. APOC changed its name to AIOC in 1935. Abadan became the world's largest refinery before Iran's Nationalization of Oil in 1951. (Updated: Jun, 29, 2009)





Post Office Building Completed

Jul, 29, 1933 AD

The Post Telegraph Building in Toopkhaneh , a major town square  and a neighborhood in the south of the central district of Tehran in 1950s. The beautiful historical building was destroyed and replaced by an ugly rectangular piece of junk.Iran's national postal services started in the new central office building in Tehran. The construction was completed in 6 years.
Iran was the first country to have a nationwide postal service in history at the time of Dariush the great where Iranian borders extended from Indus to Africa. This became a model for other nations. However, due to centuries of colonization and a selfish policy observed by industrialized countries, a third world phenomenon occurred that stripped nations of their basic rights.
Reza Shah of Pahlavi dynasty was the man who tried hard to modernize the country after centuries of absurdity in Qajar dynasty. But he soon became a thorn in the eye of the old fox (Britain) and bear (Russia). Thus the WWII became an alibi for them to invade Iran in 1941 and overthrow him.
Today, Tehran's postal services is divided into 9 districts and has a workforce of 4000+ people. (Updated: Jul, 30, 2008)





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