The Iranian History 1930 AD

 


Mauser Becomes Iran's Rifle

Jan, 27, 1930 AD

Reza Shah Pahlavi  and a group of officers testing first Iran made Mauser rifles in 1932After months of inspection and evaluating the results of the tests on different models of rifles that were used in the Iranian army for years, Reza Shah chose German make Mauser as the standard rifle. The original model on which tests were made had been manufactured in 1924.
Gradually Mauser took the place of Russian made rifles. After the original Mauser factory was moved to a city named Brno in Czechoslovakia, Iran continued purchasing same rifles now called Berno. In 1940 Iran started manufacturing rifles in Doshan Tappeh. In late 1950's U.S-made semi-automatic M-1 rifles were purchased. In 1970's Iranian army preferred German G-3 and used it widely in the army, and later shifted towards Russian made Kalashnikov assault rifles.
Because of its elegance and beauty, Berno is still used as a ceremonial rifle. (Updated: Jan, 27, 2008)





British Flags On Iranian Islands

Feb, 24, 1930 AD

Illustration of a British Pirate battleship attachking Bandar Abbas on the Persian Gulf. Starting from the 16th centuriy, Europeans mastered naval navigation and plundered America and Africa and left them in misery. The Persian Gult was an exception.On Feb, 24 1930 Iran protested against British flags on Iranian Islands in the Persian Gulf. The official note was delivered to British Minister Plenipotentiary to Tehran. Iranians were aware that British conspiracies are the main source of some unfounded disputes in the Persian Gulf.
Historically, those Islands were part of Iran until in 1903; Britain started bringing in immigrants from Southern side of the Persian Gulf, installing them as vassal Sheikhs.
In total, Iran submitted around 30 notes of such complains.
In 1929, there was a row between Iran and Britain regarding Iran's seizure of a Dubai boat in Greater Tunb waters. Iran suggested taking the issue to international courts but Britain agreed to Iran's terms.
Because of British naval hegemony in the Persian Gulf, they bullied Iran in 1948 for expressing desire to open government offices in the islands.
In 1953, during Mosaddegh's premiership, Iran nationalized her oil industry due to the fact that British colonists were practically taking the Iranian petroleum for free. At that time, Iran experienced sovereignty over the Persian Gulf islands. The CIA backed coup against the popular government of Mosaddegh and installation of the puppet king Mohammad Reza Shah gave Britain opportunity to re-start conspiracies in the islands.
Iran took back her islands of Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb and Abu Musa in Nov, 1971.
Same year, Libya, Iraq, South Yemen and Algeria filed a complaint with the United Nations and representatives from Kuwait and Emirates joined a council on Dec, 9, 1971. Iran called it an internal affair and Somalia proposed mediation to resolve the issue. After all, discussing the dispute was postponed. Meanwhile Iran and Britain agreed on revoking claims on Yemen while Iran agreed to close an eye on independence of Bahrain, an Iranian province indeed.
Iran agreed to support Emirates bid to join the UN on the condition it gave up claims on the Iranian Islands.
On Aug, 7, 1972 Iran submitted a report to the UNSC proving the fact that the situation in Islands is not occupation and it's just experiencing rightful sovereignty after years of interrupt by British colonization.
It was only after the Iranian Revolution of 1979 that disputes on the Persian Gulf Islands were brought up again and Iraq claimed that one of its goals of invasion of Iran in Sep, 1980 was to occupy the disputed islands, a costly war that failed.
On Sep, 27, 1992 a conference to resolve disputes on the Islands was not successful.
Due to US trade sanctions and embargo, since 1980, most of Iran's imports and bank transactions have been done through the Emirates. This money has given the latter an illusion of power that will easily fade away by correct policies.
Britain can no more afford naval presence in the Persian Gulf however some Arab dictatorships owe their existence on American support. Presence of US warships which have been the source of discontent and tension among local residents, sometimes result in extremism and acts of violence. (Updated: Oct, 2, 2011)





Ahmad Shah Dies In Paris

Feb, 28, 1930 AD

The last Qajar king Ahmad Shah is wearing an european style jacket and tie and a hat. It is interesting to know that one of the four speakers in the Majlis against the motion to depose Ahmad Shah was Mossadegh,Only 6 years after the death of Mohammad Ali Shah in Italy, young Ahmad Shah dies at the age of 32 in a hospital in Paris reportedly because of kidney failure. None of Iranian officials attended his burial ceremony. Ahmad Shah fled Iran on Nov, 3, 1923 in fear for his life while Reza Khan was gradually gaining power. Both his death and his father's death raised eyebrows attributing it to a plan to eliminate the Qajar dynasty and replace it with a puppet regime. All grounds for eliminating the Qajar family from the throne were provided in Oct, 1925 and the Qajar dynasty had been officially overthrown on Dec, 12, 1925 by a decree approved by the parliament. (Updated: Oct, 26, 2008)





Iran Switches To Rial

Mar, 18, 1930 AD

Rhagae Abdolazim Museum All Pahlavi Money banknotesRial became the new Iranian currency replacing Gheran on March, 18, 1930.
First Iranian coins date back to 564 B.C when the Achaemenid king Cyrus The Great started issuing coins in Sardes. Dariush The Great issued Daric (gold coin) and Shekel (silver coin) around 516 B.C. which were used all over the empire. The idea of a unique Iranian currency was revived by Shah Abbas issued Abbasi coins used all around the Safavid realm. Shahi was also used as a smaller unit.
Rial had been known as an international currency since 1798 with a value of 1250 Dinars. It was replaced with Gheran with a value of 1000 Dinars in 1826 on the 30th year of Fathali Shah's reign.
Because of it's small value, Iranian people gradually stared using unofficial Toman (10 Rials) instead of Rial in their money transactions. Today, because of high devaluation Iranians practically use one Toman refrring to 10,000 and sometimes 10,000,000 Rials. (Updated: Jul, 10, 2009)





First School Of Cinema Opens In Tehran

May, 10, 1930 AD

Tehran Toopkhaneh/Sepah Square 1930s. The building belonged to the Imperial Bank of Persia is seen on the east side of the square. Fortunately it is still remaining quite in shape to this date and is operated by Bank Tejarat of Iran.The history of cinema in Iran started 5 years after the Lumiere brothers invented the cinema-photograph machine. In March 1900, during a visit to France, Mozaffaroddin Shah gets to know the new invention and his companion Mirza Ebrahim Khan Akkasbashi makes the first Iranian documentary from the Shah during a festival in Belgium on Aug, 14, 1900. In 1905, Sahhafbashi starts an unsuccessful cinema business which ends in bankruptcy only after a month and he gets arrested and sent to exile in India. The Iranian rulers have always claimed guardianship over the nation and therefore making use of new technology hard and painful resulting in backwardness of the country.
On May, 10 1930 the first school of cinema opened in Tehran with 300 registrations but only 12 people could finish the course which included film-making, acting, music, dance, make-up and other related lessons. An advertisement was published in the newspaper on April, 13 announcing inauguration of the artist school. The word artist has entered as the main actor in the Iranian literature. There was no tuition and attending the classes was not obligatory. Women could not attend the classes. The school closed after the third year , however Oganians, the founder succeeded in producing the first Iranian movie which was a silent film named Abi and Rabi. There were no actresses in this movie. It went on screen in Mayak movie theatre on Jan, 2, 1931. Two years later, Oganians made his second film named "Haji Agha, the movie actor" featuring Asya Ghostanian, the first Iranian actress from Armenian descent .
For many years the movie business was seen as a thing for foreigners and so the Iranians, specially women could not enter the field. The first black and white Iranian movies were of low quality reproduction of foreign movies. The state has always been supervising such cultural activities and thus Iranian movie business is living a crisis. (Updated: Dec, 20, 2008)





Majlis Eighth Term Begins

Dec, 15, 1930 AD

Representative from Parliament (Majlis) eighth termThe decree for parliament elections was issued on June, 3, 1930. The first assembly of the 8th Majlis took place on Dec, 15, 1930. Adlolmolk Dadgar was the head of the parliament.
Probably, the most difficult issues facing Iranian nation was getting rid of concessions that practically gave foreign nations rights to plunder Iran's wealth. One of such cases was the infamous D'Arcy agreement signed in May, 28, 1901 according to which production and sales rights of oil was given to William Knox D'Arcy for a period of 60 years. Mehdi Hedayat was the prime minister whose Minster of Treasury presented a draft to Majlis for cancellation of the D'Arcy agreement. This bill was passed and the government was given the permission to terminate the D'Arcy treaty.
Other important events in Eighth term were :
-A fire broke out during this term in the building.
-Majlis gave the government was given exclusive rights for foreign trade on Feb, 25, 1931.
-Law for repossession of India-Europe telegraph line by Iran.
-Law to divide the Ministry of Economy into three divisions of commerce, agriculture and industry.
-Law covering entrance and residence of foreign nationals to Iran on May, 10, 1931.
The last session of the parliament took place on Dec, 29, 1932 and by Reza Shah's decree, Majlis 8th term dissolved on Jan, 14, 1933. (Updated: May, 27, 2009)





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