The Iranian History 1917 AD

 


Iran Acknowledges British Military Presence

Mar, 29, 1917 AD

Iranian Cavalry 1930sThe Iranian prime minister Vosooghoddoleh officially recognized the British SPR which special armed forces founded by the British. These forces were given the task of operating in the British Sphere in Southern Iran. The presence and operation of such forces inside of Iranian soil actually constituted a certain threat to Iran's sovereignty. However, Iran had been divided by the imperial British and Russia into two spheres of influence and the Qajar royal family were kept pacified by drugs and women.
Also known as the Southern police of Iran, SPR was under the order of British officers and its expenses were paid by Iran. SPR was headed by General Percy Sykes. In the meantime, there were active British troops in northern Iran called the NPR headed by General Dunsterville. There were also the East Persia Cordon troops in the province of Sistan whose men were Indians.
The SPR lingered on until the coup d'état of Reza Khan in 1921 when it was disbanded and merged with the regular army. (Updated: Mar, 29, 2009)





Demonstrations Against Prime Minister

May, 15, 1917 AD

Qajar Ahmad Shah CeremonyPublic demonstrations against Vosooghoddoleh, the Prime Minister took place in Baharestan sq. in Tehran. The demonstrators clashed with the police. These demonstrations had started in Kerman and Fars provinces 40 days before after Vosooghoddoleh ratified a request by the British to create an army unit called SPR in Iran. Based on a colony model similar to India, SPR consisted from local soldiers under the authority of British officers. Vosooghoddoleh, who was reportedly bribed by the British, had finally passed the law on March 21st despite general public opposition .
Last Qajar kings were mostly incompetent puppet rulers who created a corrupt administrative system that has not been changed ever since even after coups and revolutions.
Vosooghoddoleh was forced to resign and Alaossaltaneh became the new Prime Minister on May, 29, 1917. (Updated: Jan, 30, 2008)





Alaossaltaneh Announces His Cabinet Of Ministers

May, 29, 1917 AD

Hunting : Young Ahmad Shah poses with dead jaguarFollowing demonstrations against Prime Minister Vosooghoddoleh, he was forced to resign and Prince Alaossaltaneh was appointed to form a new government. He introduced his cabinet of ministers on May, 29, 1917 which was believed to be weak and unreliable from the beginning.
That year was a disastrous year for Iran who entered the Norooz with natural disasters. Flood washed away western Tehran including Vanak and Farahzad and earthquake killed more than 1000 people in Boin Zahra. There were reports of tribal unrest from around the country. Border villages were plundered by bandits and Tehran could not protect its borders. Meanwhile, during Ahmad Shah’s wedding ceremony in Sahebgharaniye Palace in all glory, the British ambassador presented his gifts: a golden tea set and two Arabian horses.
Ministers were easily replaced in the unstable cabinet of Alaossaltaneh, however efforts were futile and armed Bakhtiari forces that fought for the Constitutional Monarchy became a pain by refusing to disarm and or leaving the capital. They finally clashed with government forces after which 100 people from both sides were reported killed.
Einoddoleh was the prominent Minister of Internal Affairs whose resignation caused the unstable Alaossaltaneh cabinet to collapse on Nov, 19, 1971. Thus the life of this cabinet was about 6 months.
The next Prime Minister to be challenged was Mirza Hasan Khan Mostofiolmamalek. (Updated: Jul, 23, 2010)





USSR Nullifies Treaties Imposed On Iran

Dec, 14, 1917 AD

PM VosooghoddolehIn deflations broadcast on 11th to 14th December the Bolshevik government of Soviet Republic nullified some of the treaties that were imposed on Iran by force in 1907;separating Iran into north and south regions under Russian and British control respectively. Lenin personally had signed the declaration that recognized Iran's sovereignty and nullified some of the concessions taken by force and erased Iranian debts. This rendered the secret agreements made between Britain and Czar Russia obsolete. Unfortunately, the Iranian authorities at the time did not have enough competence to ask USSR to cancel Golestan and Turkmenchai treaties that had taken a big chunk of the homeland. Twenty days later, While the last Soviet unit was leaving Iran, the British forces were occupying some cities in Kermanshah. Finally the Iranian authorities asked the Britons to behave accordingly and dismiss the SPR unit which were Iranian soldiers, under British command. A model copied from colonization of India. Iranians had asked Britain not to object Iran's presence in Versailles meeting, and leave Iran's customs which was managed by the British at that time. One year later, the British accepted the deal, however the colonists were preparing another tricky proposal to be signed by their insider prime minister Vosooghoddoleh. (Updated: Sep, 29, 2008)





English-Persian Glossary
  • Mostofiolmamalek : مستوفي الممالک
  • Prime Minister : نخست وزير رئيس الوزرا Media_Files
  • Sahebgharaniye : صاحبقرانيه Media_Files
  • Vosooghoddoleh : وثوق الدوله(Hassan Vosough,Vothuq al-Dowleh) حسين وثوق Media_Files
  • Alaossaltaneh : علاءالسلطنه محمدعلي علاءالسلطنه(پرنس)
  • Turkmenchai : ترکمن چاي(Torkmanchay,Turkmenchay,Torkamanchai) Media_Files
  • Percy Sykes : پرسي سايکس Media_Files
  • Baharestan : بهارستان Media_Files
  • Boin Zahra : بوئين زهرا
  • Einoddoleh : عين الدوله شاهزاده عبدالمجيد ميرزا Media_Files
  • Ahmad Shah : احمد شاه(Ahmad Shah Qajar) احمد شاه قاجار Media_Files
  • Versailles : ورساي
  • Kermanshah : کرمانشاه(Bakhtaran) باختران Media_Files
  • Reza Khan : رضاخان Media_Files
  • Bakhtiari : بختياري(Bakhtiyari) Media_Files
  • Bolshevik : بلشويک
  • Golestan : گلستان(Gulistan) Media_Files
  • Monarchy : شهرياري سلط‌نت‌ مط‌لقه‌ ، رژيم‌ سلط‌نتي‌
  • Farahzad : فرحزاد
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Britain : بريتانيا انگليس Media_Files
  • Russian : روسي Media_Files
  • British : انگليسي Media_Files
  • Persia : ايران Media_Files
  • Kerman : کرمان(Carmania, Kermania) Media_Files
  • Tehran : تهران(Teheran, Tahran) طهران Media_Files
  • Russia : روسيه Media_Files
  • Soviet : شوروي Media_Files
  • Norooz : نوروز(Nowrooz,Noruz,Nevruz,Nawruz) Media_Files
  • Sistan : سيستان(Drangiana, Seistan) Media_Files
  • Border : مرز Media_Files
  • Qajar : قاجار(Ghajar) قجر Media_Files
  • Lenin : لنين
  • India : هند هندوستان‌ Media_Files
  • Mirza : ميرزا Media_Files
  • Vanak : ونک Media_Files
  • USSR : اتحاد جماهير شوروي(Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.)) Media_Files
  • Khan : خان Media_Files
  • Czar : تزار
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files
  • Shah : شاه پادشاه‌ Media_Files
  • Fars : فارس Media_Files
  • SPR : اس پي آر(S.P.R.) پليس جنوب ايران

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