The Iranian History 1896 AD

 


Naseroddin Shah Assassinated

May, 1, 1896 AD

Naseroldin Shah Takhte TavoosNaseroddin Shah was born in July, 16, 1831 After the death of Mohammad Shah in 1848, Naseroddin as the crown prince succeeded to the throne. During his 48 years of reign he proved to be one of the most incompetent kings in the Iranian history. Despite the fact that he visited Europe three times, he did not initiate reforms to modernize the country. On the contrary, during his time big parts of Iran were lost to the British and Russians such as Afghanistan in 1956. He gave up regions by the Caspian Sea to the Russians arguing that the water was too salty for hookah.
He turned the royal administration into a playground of harems and foreign spies and murdered Amirkabir who was one of the most brilliant Vezirs of his time. On the other hand he played the religion card very well and deceived people into superstition. At the age of 65, during one of his visits to the Abdolazim Mausoleum, he was assassinated by Mirza Reza Kermani who hid his pistol under a petition. Kermani was executed on Aug, 10, 1896. Kermani's assassination of Naseroddin Shah and the subsequent execution marked a turning point in Iranian Constitutional Revolution. (Updated: Mar, 7, 2008)





Mozaffaroddin Mirza Enters Tehran

Jun, 7, 1896 AD

Qajar king Mozaffaroddin Shah is sitting in the middle of people from the royal court while leaning on a walking cane. His successor Prince Mohammad Ali Shah is seen in the backFollowing the assassination of Naseroddin Shah on May 1, 1896, Chaos broke loose as different factions sought to take power, and mobs rampaged in the streets. The police were unable to control them and the regular army could not be relied upon to do so. The Qajar Vezir, Aminossoltan gave the Cossack brigade full authority to act as necessary. They quickly mobilized and then took control of Tehran in order to keep order in the city.
On June, 7, 1896 Mozaffaroddin Shah escorted by the Cossacks entered Tehran. The Brigade on this date established themselves as kingmakers in Iran, and in the future would serve as important tools for both the Russians and the Shah in maintaining control of Iran. The Russian influence insider Persia expanded tremendously as the Cossacks was able to exert massive control in internal Persian politics and intrigues.
At Mozaffaroddin Shah's accession Iran faced a financial crisis, with annual governmental expenditures far in excess of revenues due to the policies of his father. During his reign, Mozaffaroddin Shah attempted some reforms of the central treasury; however, the previous debt incurred by the Qajar court, owed to both England and Russia undermined this effort significantly. He had to make up the existing deficit by contracting more unpopular loans from Russia, which exacted political concessions in return.
Nevertheless, Mozaffaroddin Shah signed the decree that approved Constitutional Monarchy which was a great turn in the Iranian history and led to creation of the Iranian constitution. He is also credited with the start of Iranian Cinema, and the first Iranian national anthem. He is often remembered as a largely ineffectual ruler who often suffered from ill health. (Updated: Aug, 21, 2010)





English-Persian Glossary
  • Constitutional Monarchy : سلطنت مشروطه Media_Files
  • Mirza Reza Kermani : ميرزا رضا کرماني ميرزا رضا عقدايي Media_Files
  • Mozaffaroddin Shah : مظفرالدين‌شاه Media_Files
  • Naseroddin Shah : ناصرالدين شاه(Nasseroddin Shah, Naseroldin Shah,Naser al-Din Shah Qajar) سلطان صاحبقران، شاه شهيد Media_Files
  • Mohammad Shah : محمد شاه Media_Files
  • Aminossoltan : امين السلطان صاحب‌جمع، اتابک اعظم Media_Files
  • Caspian Sea : درياي کاسپين Media_Files
  • Afghanistan : افغانستان Media_Files
  • Abdolazim : عبدالعظيم Media_Files
  • Amirkabir : امير کبير(Atabak,Amir-e Nezam) ميرزا تقي خان فراهاني،اميرنظام،اتابک Media_Files
  • Monarchy : شهرياري سلط‌نت‌ مط‌لقه‌ ، رژيم‌ سلط‌نتي‌
  • Cossack : قزاق Media_Files
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • England : انگلستان Media_Files
  • Persian : فارسي(Farsi,Parsi) ايراني پارسي Media_Files
  • Caspian : کاسپين(Caspian Sea, Mazandaran, Khazar Sea) بحر خزر، درياي مازندران Media_Files
  • Russian : روسي Media_Files
  • British : انگليسي Media_Files
  • Persia : ايران Media_Files
  • Tehran : تهران(Teheran, Tahran) طهران Media_Files
  • Russia : روسيه Media_Files
  • Cinema : سينما Media_Files
  • Qajar : قاجار(Ghajar) قجر Media_Files
  • Vezir : وزير(Vizier, Vezier, vizir, wazir) Media_Files
  • Mirza : ميرزا Media_Files
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files
  • Shah : شاه پادشاه‌ Media_Files

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