The Iranian History 1812 AD


Russians Defeated At Sultanabad

Feb, 13, 1812 AD

Painting shows Persian victory over Russians in Soltanabad on Feb, 13, 1812.Qajar Prince Abbas Mirza is seen in blue jacket commanding his troops.Russian banners have two headed eagles on them while Iranian flags have the royal Lion & Sun.Receiving the news of Napoleon's invasion of Russia in the spring, Iranian troops moved from Tabriz to Nakhjevan and on February 13, 1812 Persians under Abbas Mirza routed Russians at Sultanabad near the Aras River. With new found confidence in their modern infantry, trained by British and French officers, and European cannons from the French and a Lieutenant Henry Lindsay, Iranians assaulted the expansionist Russians to take back Caucasia.
Iranians, under their gallant leader Abbas Mirza fought the Russians under Pyotr Kotlyarevsky. The Persians won the battle by moving faster than the Russians and attacking them near their camp. This victory however did not last long because Russians received reinforcement and won the Battle of Aslandooz on Oct, 31st. (Updated: Oct, 27, 2011)

The Battle Of Aslandooz

Oct, 31, 1812 AD

A Gold Medallion (Plate) with a painting of the Qajar king Fathali Shah in the middle. For some unknown reason, Shah is quite Bald and is not wearing a crown, nonetheless he has a very long beard and somehow a funny look.The Battle of Aslandooz took place between the invading Russian and the Iranian army in Aslandooz, north of the Aras River on Oct, 31, 1812.
Russians wanted British mediation to make peace with Iran while keeping Caucasian territories taken from Iran. Some agents in the corrupt Qajar Royal Court had already been bribed to lobby for this demand.
Prince Abbas Mirza, the head of the Iranian army vigorously opposed such an infamous deal; thus in order to face several Russian incursions moved his troops from Tabriz to Nakhjevan and earned some victories. However, the Iranian army only relied on foreign aid technologically, and British officers were supervising the Iranian army. Qajars ruled Iran khanate style and they lacked visions of infrastructure and modernization of the society. On the other hand, Russia was living its glorious days enjoying merits of the Industrial Revolution in Europe.
On Oct, 31, 1812, Russian cavalry swiftly stormed the Persian Army camp backed by modern artillery and conscription and dispersed Abbas Mirza's numerically superior forces pushing them to the other side of the Aras River. Meanwhile, there was great pressure from the Qajar court to end the war and there was a disagreement between commanders on continuing the battle. On top of that, news of Turcoman incursions in Khorasan somehow forced the incompetent Fathali Shah to sign a peace treaty. (Updated: Aug, 23, 2011)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Fathali Shah : فتحفلي شاه(Baba Khan) بابا خان Media_Files
  • Iranian Army : ارتش ايران Media_Files
  • Abbas Mirza : عباس ميرزا Media_Files
  • Aras River : رود ارس Media_Files
  • Sultanabad : سلطان آباد
  • Caucasian : قفقاز(Ghafghaz,Kafkas) قفقازي‌ ، هندواروپائي‌ ، سفيد پوست‌
  • Nakhjevan : نخجوان(Nahchivan, Nahjevan, Nakhichevan) Media_Files
  • Aslandooz : اسلاندوز(Aslanduz) Media_Files
  • Khorasan : خراسان(Khorassan) Media_Files
  • Caucasia : قفقاز(Kafkas,Kafkasia)
  • Napoleon : ناپلئون Media_Files
  • Turcoman : ترکمن(Turkmen,Turkman,Torkaman,Torkman)
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Persian : فارسي(Farsi,Parsi) ايراني پارسي Media_Files
  • Russian : روسي Media_Files
  • British : انگليسي Media_Files
  • Russia : روسيه Media_Files
  • Tabriz : تبريز(Tebriz) Media_Files
  • French : فرانسوي Media_Files
  • Qajar : قاجار(Ghajar) قجر Media_Files
  • Mirza : ميرزا Media_Files
  • Aras : ارس(Araks,Araz,Aras River,Araxes) رود ارس
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files
  • Shah : شاه پادشاه‌ Media_Files
  • Army : ارتش Media_Files

Latest Additions to Iranian History Chronicle: