The Iranian History 1735 AD


The Battle Of Baghavard

Jun, 8, 1735 AD

aniyeh Map OttomanThe large Ottoman army with seventy thousand horse, and fifty thousand foot reached a spacious plain near Erivan, called Baghavard. Nader with no more than fifteen thousand men appeared on the opposite side of the plain. At dawn the Ottomans who outnumbered them eight to one, marched against Iranians in full array. Nader attacked in person the right wing while one of his generals strove to break their center, and another made a desperate attempt against their artillery-men who soon abandoned their charge, and left their field-pieces, which were converted to their own destruction. The Iranian musketry did incredible execution throwing the Ottoman cavalry into disorder. At last a Persian soldier named Rostam recognized Abdollah and seized the reins of his horse and dragged him forcibly to the ground; cut his head and brought it to Nader who ordered it to be raised on a spear, and shown to the enemy.
The Ottomans, destitute of a leader, and unable to recover their ranks, fled confusedly to different parts, leaving near half their army dead or wounded. Ganjeh and Tbilisi, alarmed at the death of Abdollah and the defeat of his army, opened their gates to Iranians at the beginning of July. Kars and Erivan surrendered on Sep, 22, 1735. The Ottoman court authorized Ahmad, the governor of Baghdad for peace negotiations, but Nader as the victorious side increased his demands. (Updated: Aug, 31, 2008)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Ottoman : عثماني(Osmani) Media_Files
  • Tbilisi : تبليس(Tiflis,Teflis) تفليس
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Persian : فارسي(Farsi,Parsi) ايراني پارسي Media_Files
  • Baghdad : بغداد Media_Files
  • Erivan : اريوان(Yerevan,Iravan) Media_Files
  • Ganjeh : گنجه(Ganja) Media_Files
  • Kars : کارس قارص

Latest Additions to Iranian History Chronicle: