The Iranian History 1603 AD

 


Shah Abbas Starts Azerbaijan Campaign

Aug, 15, 1603 AD

Safavid king Shah Abbas 1st in a Book 	by Dominicus Custos, Atrium heroicum, Augsburg 1600-1602. Shah Abbas The Great  (January 27, 1571 – January 19, 1629) was generally considered the greatest ruler of the Safavid dynasty.After Iranians secured Greater Khorasan, the Ottomans were on alert because they feared a possible attack from Iran to free occupied Greater Azerbaijan. Spies reported that Ali Pasha, the Ottoman governor of Azerbaijan took off on a mission to suppress uprisings in Salmas on May, 1603.
Shah Abbas the Great started his Azerbaijan Campaign against the Ottoman Empire on Aug, 15, 1603 but he let his spies spread the news that he was going to Mazandaran. At the same time, he informed his commander Allahverdi Khan to be prepared for an assault on Baghdad. Only a few in king's close circles were aware of his true intensions when they arrived in Kashan on September, 17th. He sent a courier to Zolfaghar Khan Karamanloo, the Iranian governor of Azerbaijan asking him to mobilize his 3,000 units to join the main army at the Ojan border on September, 27th.
As soon as the people of Tabriz heard the news of Shah Abbas approaching they started fighting against the Ottoman occupiers and after brief encounters, the Iranian army liberated Tabriz on Sep, 28, 1603.
Unfortunately, Tabriz was in ruins and Shah Abbas proceeded to Haji Harami and set a camp for an inevitable encounter with Ali Pasha. During the battle that ensued on Sep, 29th, many high ranking Ottoman commanders were killed but Ali Pasha was captured alive. When he was brought before the Shah, he pleaded for forgiveness. Shah spared lives of Ali Pasha and his family.
However, the Castle of Tabriz did not surrender until Oct, 24th. The military booty from this campaign was considerable specially 400 cannons that changed the power balance in Safavid favor.
The restless Shah Abbas was determined to free all of Iran. (Updated: Nov, 15, 2011)





Tabriz Taken Back From Ottomans

Sep, 28, 1603 AD

El Goli (People's Lake) and Palace in Tabriz are said to be constructed by Shah Goli. During reconstruction in early 1970s, the original building was renovated and became a public park.Shah Abbas Safavi modernized the Iranian army and after moving the capital to Isfahan it was time to deal with the notorious enemy, the Ottomans. On Sep, 28, 1603 Tabriz fell shortly because of local uprisings and the Ottoman army had to retreat. Then there came another great victory in Urmia when the Ottoman army had to retreat.
The war with Ottomans lasted for 9 years and ended with a new agreement in Istanbul on Nov, 20, 1612. But this treaty did not last long either. 2.5 years later, on May, 22, 1615 the Ottomans came under another attack and were defeated in Pol Shekasteh by the Iranian army on Sep, 10, 1618. The Ardebil peace agreement that was made on Sep, 26, 1618 ended 3 years of Ottoman-Safavi war. However, Iranians were keen to gain back their lost territory and after 5 years in 1624 a new war began that was not comparable to any war before that. This way, most of the land seized by Ottomans until 1613 was taken back marking a new glorious era for Iranians. Still Caucasia had to be shared between the two great empires. (Updated: Jan, 14, 2008)





English-Persian Glossary
  • Greater Khorasan : خراسان بزرگ
  • Ottoman Empire : امپراتوري عثماني دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّه? عُثمَانِيّه
  • Pol Shekasteh : پل شکسته
  • Iranian Army : ارتش ايران Media_Files
  • Haji Harami : حاجي حرامي
  • Shah Abbas : شاه عباس Media_Files
  • Karamanloo : قارامانلو(Gharamanlu,Qaramnlou) کارامانلو
  • Mazandaran : مازندران(Tabarestan) طبرستان، تپورستان Media_Files
  • Allahverdi : الله وردي اللّه وردي خان
  • Azerbaijan : آذربايجان(Atropatene) Media_Files
  • Istanbul : استانبول(Islambul) Media_Files
  • Khorasan : خراسان(Khorassan) Media_Files
  • Caucasia : قفقاز(Kafkas,Kafkasia)
  • Ardebil : اردبيل(Ardabil) آرتاويل
  • Ottoman : عثماني(Osmani) Media_Files
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Isfahan : اصفهان(Esfahan, Sepahan,Esparan) اسپه دانه، اسپهان Media_Files
  • Baghdad : بغداد Media_Files
  • Safavid : صفوي Media_Files
  • Tabriz : تبريز(Tebriz) Media_Files
  • Kashan : کاشان Media_Files
  • Safavi : صفوي Media_Files
  • Urmia : اروميه(Urmiya, Orumiyeh, Orumieh,Urma) Media_Files
  • Khan : خان Media_Files
  • Haji : حاجي Media_Files
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files
  • Ojan : اوجان
  • Shah : شاه پادشاه‌ Media_Files

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