The Iranian History 1227 AD

 


Farakhtay Turks Capture Kerman

Aug, 16, 1227 AD

Landscape view of primitive houses in Kerman's historical Meymand village of Babak city.During the savage conquest of Chengiz Khan in Persia and on top of the miseries suffered by Bukhara, Samarkand, Toos, Neishabour, Herat and all other small and big cities burning in smoke, while the soil was soaking with blood of civilians, Jalaladdin Kharazmshah had to deal with the faithlessness and disloyalty of Buragh ?ajeb who announced himself the king of Kerman and the new Farakhtay dynasty. When he gets the news, Jalaladdin reached Kerman from Georgia in a record 17 days but he somehow came to terms with Buragh who had already gained both Mongol's and Caliph's support. Four years later, Jalaladdin's brother Ghiysoddin who claimed the throne went to Kerman to gain Buragh's support. Buragh accepts the deal setting forth a precondition; to marry his mother. Such marriages has always been a method for claiming royal blood and hence credibility. He then kills both mother and her son for conspiracy before he died in 1235. (Updated: Aug, 17, 2008)





Chengiz Khan Dies In Kansu

Aug, 18, 1227 AD

Gharluja Kliber Tower Mongol era East AzarbaijanChengiz Khan was born in 1162 in Mongolia. The founder of Mongol empire is infamous for his brutality for slaughtering entire population of resisting cities and destroying infrastructures. Under Mongols, total population of Persia fell from 2,500,000 to 250,000 due to mass extermination and famine. According to the legend, after defeating the Jin dynasty and taking control of China, he sent a caravan of 500 men to establish trade ties with the Persian empire but the caravan was attacked in Otrar and his men were killed. Then he sent peace ambassadors to Shah himself but they were all but one beheaded; thus a war began resulting in destruction of the Kharazmshah dynasty. His military strategy included gathering good intelligence and having a network of spies. He took Bukhara in March 1220 and Samarkand a month later. In 1221 he destroyed the ancient city of Balkh and devastated Khorasan to a degree that it has not fully recovered to this day. The victories of Chengiz army continued with capturing Armenia, Georgia, Syria, Baghdad, and east Europe. The empire's expansion continued for more than a generation after his death in 1227. In 1241 Mongols defeated the last defending Polish-German and Hungarian armies During the 1250s, Mongols destroyed the Abbasi Caliphate in Baghdad. After that the Mongol army lost the Battle of Ayn Jalut near modern-day Nazareth which marked the end of their expansion. His last ruling descendant, Amil Khan of Bukhara, was deposed by Soviet forces in 1920. Chengiz Khan died in the twenty second year of his reign at the age of 66. The Mongol invasion inflicted more suffering on the human race than any other event in the world's history of which records are preserved. (Updated: Mar, 1, 2010)





English-Persian Glossary
  • Chengiz Khan : چنگيز خان(Chinggis Khan, Temüjin, Genghis Khan) تموچين
  • Kharazmshah : خوارزمشاه(Khwarezmshah)
  • Ghiysoddin : غياث الدين پيرشاه
  • Neishabour : نيشابور(Neyshabour, Neishapour,Nishapur) نيشابور، نشابور. نشاپور. نيشاپور. نيسابور. نيوشاهپور Media_Files
  • Hungarian : مجارستاني مجار
  • Ayn Jalut : عين جالوت(Ein Jaloot)
  • Caliphate : خلافت(khalifate)
  • Farakhtay : فراختايي
  • Samarkand : سمرقند(Samarghand,Samarqand,Semerkent) Media_Files
  • Nazareth : نازارت
  • Mongolia : مغولستان
  • Khorasan : خراسان(Khorassan) Media_Files
  • Bukhara : بخارا(Bokhara)
  • Armenia : ارمنستان(Armanestan,Armenistan) Media_Files
  • Persian : فارسي(Farsi,Parsi) ايراني پارسي Media_Files
  • Georgia : گرجستان Media_Files
  • Baghdad : بغداد Media_Files
  • Persia : ايران Media_Files
  • Kerman : کرمان(Carmania, Kermania) Media_Files
  • Abbasi : عباسي( Abbasid) Media_Files
  • Soviet : شوروي Media_Files
  • Polish : لهستاني Media_Files
  • Mongol : مغول Media_Files
  • German : آلماني Media_Files
  • Balkh : بلخ(Bactra,Bactria,Bakhtar) باختر،تُخارستان،طُخارستان Media_Files
  • China : چين Media_Files
  • Otrar : اترار
  • Herat : هرات(Areia) Media_Files
  • Syria : سوريه Media_Files
  • Khan : خان Media_Files
  • Shah : شاه پادشاه‌ Media_Files
  • Toos : توس(Tus,Susia) Media_Files
  • Jin : جين

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