The Iranian History 1071 AD

 


The Silent Rise Of Hasan Sabbah

Jul, 7, 1071 AD

Rhagae Abdolazim Museum: A Bowl made of clay Seljuk eraHasan Sabbah, whose name has been associated in English with the word assassin gave up his administrative duties and started his own cult. He was a highly educated man who served at the court of the Seljuk empire for a while but could not stand injustice, corruption, invasion, aggression and violence that ruled the country. At the age of 35 he set off for Egypt and Syria where he got acquainted with Fatemiyeh version of Shiite faith. He accepted Ismailism and started to proselyte his faith in Isfahan. Then he continued his mission in different parts of Iran including Qazvin, Rhagae, Kerman, Yazd and Tabarestan. Hasan Sabbah set his headquarters in the castle of Alamout near Qazvin. Soon enough the number of his followers reached 70,000 stationed in 74 castles around Iran. These were ordinary peasants: male and female who were willing to sacrifice themselves for their master, that is Hasan Sabbah. Instead of using regular armies to overthrow enemies, he preferred creating fear by eliminating key figures one by one by stabbing, poisoning, or using other means. He once sent a message to Sultan Sanjar; a little note pierced with a dagger by his bedside while he was asleep gave the Sultan a clue on how far he had penetrated.
After his death on May, 23, 1124, his opinions continued spreading all around the world to this date evolving into small independent groups, inspiring the weak people who want to make a change in the world order. (Updated: Aug, 17, 2008)





The Battle of Manzikert

Aug, 26, 1071 AD

Located 25 km southwest of Fouman Roodkhan Castle is a military complex which had been constructed during the Seljuk Dynasty.The Castle is built on two tips of a mount, with an area of 50,000 square meters.Seljuks were a Turco-Persian Sunni Muslim dynasty that ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East from the 11th to 14th centuries. They set up the Great Seljuk Empire, which at its height stretched from Anatolia through Persia and which was the target of the First Crusade.
The Battle of Manzikert was fought between the Byzantine Empire and Seljuk forces led by Alparslan on Aug, 26, 1071 near Manzikert. The decisive defeat of the Byzantine army and the capture of the Emperor Romanos IV played an important role in undermining Byzantine authority in Anatolia and Armenia. The Turks who invaded the Byzantine Empire in 1068 were defeated in 1070 and driven across the Euphrates. In 1071 Romanos again took the field and advanced with 40,000 men
At Manzikert, Romanos was met by Alparslan. The Turkish Sultan proposed terms of peace, which were rejected by the emperor, and the two forces engaged in the Battle. The Turkish mercenaries among the Byzantine forces immediately defected to the Turkish side; and, seeing this, the Western mercenaries rode off and took no part in the battle. The Byzantines were totally routed.
Emperor Romanos IV was himself taken prisoner and conducted into the presence of Alparslan, who treated him with generosity, and, terms of peace having been agreed to, dismissed him, loaded with presents and respectfully attended by a military guard.
The Battle of Manzikert marked the beginning of a non-stop migration of Turkish people to Anatolia that led to foundation of the Ottoman Empire and subsequently, the fall of the Byzantine Empire.
The Seljuk dynasty had its origins in the Turcoman tribal confederations of Central Asia and marked the beginning of Turkic power in the Middle East. After arriving in Persia, the Seljuks adopted the Persian culture and language, and played an important role in the development of the Turco-Persian tradition which features: Persian culture patronized by Turkic rulers. Today, they are remembered as great patrons of Persian culture, art, literature, and language and are regarded as the cultural ancestors of the Western Turks - the present-day inhabitants of Azerbaijan, Turkey, and Turkmenistan. (Updated: Aug, 2, 2010)





English-Persian Glossary
  • Turkmenistan : ترکمنستان Media_Files
  • Hasan Sabbah : حسن صباح(Hassan Sabah,Seyyedena) حسن بن علي بن محمد بن جعفربن الحسين بن محمد الصباح حِمَيري
  • Middle East : خاورميانه
  • Tabarestan : طبرستان تپورستان Media_Files
  • Azerbaijan : آذربايجان(Atropatene) Media_Files
  • Fatemiyeh : فاطميه
  • Alparslan : آرپ ارسلان
  • Manzikert : منازکرت(Malazgirt) ملازگرد
  • Ismailism : اسماعيليه(Esmailiyeh)
  • Byzantine : وابسته به روم شرقي Media_Files
  • Euphrates : فرات(Euphrates River) رود فرات Media_Files
  • Anatolia : آناتولي(Asia Minor,Anadolu,Turkey) ترکيه،آناتولي Media_Files
  • Turcoman : ترکمن(Turkmen,Turkman,Torkaman,Torkman)
  • Ottoman : عثماني(Osmani) Media_Files
  • Alamout : الموت(Alamut Castle,Alamoot,Ghaleh Hasan Sabbah) قلعه الموت،دژ الموت Media_Files
  • Crusade : جنگ صليبى
  • Armenia : ارمنستان(Armanestan,Armenistan) Media_Files
  • Persian : فارسي(Farsi,Parsi) ايراني پارسي Media_Files
  • Isfahan : اصفهان(Esfahan, Sepahan,Esparan) اسپه دانه، اسپهان Media_Files
  • Persia : ايران Media_Files
  • Seljuk : سلجوقي(Selchuk) Media_Files
  • Kerman : کرمان(Carmania, Kermania) Media_Files
  • Muslim : مسلمان(Moslem) مسلم‌ Media_Files
  • Sultan : سلطان(Soltan) Media_Files
  • Rhagae : ري(Ray, Rey) شهر ري Media_Files
  • Qazvin : قزوين(Ghazvin, Caspian) کاسپين Media_Files
  • Turkey : ترکيه Media_Files
  • Sanjar : سنجر
  • Shiite : شيعه(Shia, Shi'a) Media_Files
  • Sunni : سني(Sonni)
  • Egypt : مصر(Al Mesr) Media_Files
  • Syria : سوريه Media_Files
  • Yazd : يزد Media_Files
  • Asia : آسيا
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files

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