The Iranian History 1064 AD


Alparslan Ascends The Throne

Apr, 27, 1064 AD

Toghrol Tower in Rhagae is attributed to Toghrol Bey from the Seljuk dynasty. The 20m tall Brick has a 15m outer and 11m inner diameter and 24 sleeves. Inscriptions and most of inner decorations have been destroyed during Qajar era.After his uncle Toghrol died, he contested his brother Soleyman and ascended the throne. Alparslan was the son of Chaghri Beyk, the governor of Khorasan and took the name Mohammad when he embraced Islam. Because of his valor and fighting skills he took the name Alparslan which means brave lion. He called himself Sultan and became the sole monarch of Persia from the river Oxus to the Tigris, in which his Persian Vezir named Nazemolmolk assisted.
After sacking Cappadocia, Armenia and Georgia, he attacked the Byzantine empire. In the famous battle of Manzikert, he defeated the Roman emperor Romanus IV who was taken prisoner, blinded and died in exile. The victory at Manzikert was the beginning of Turkish ascendancy in Anatolia. Alparslan died in 1072. (Updated: Sep, 5, 2008)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Cappadocia : کاپادوکيه(Kapadokya) Media_Files
  • Alparslan : آرپ ارسلان
  • Manzikert : منازکرت(Malazgirt) ملازگرد
  • Byzantine : وابسته به روم شرقي Media_Files
  • Khorasan : خراسان(Khorassan) Media_Files
  • Anatolia : آناتولي(Asia Minor,Anadolu,Turkey) ترکيه،آناتولي Media_Files
  • Romanus : رومانوس
  • Chaghri : چاغري بي(Chagri, Chaghri Beyk)
  • Toghrol : طغرل سلجوقي(Togrul, Tugrul Beyk,Toghrïl Beg) طغرل بن ارسلان سلجوقي Media_Files
  • Armenia : ارمنستان(Armanestan,Armenistan) Media_Files
  • Persian : فارسي(Farsi,Parsi) ايراني پارسي Media_Files
  • Georgia : گرجستان Media_Files
  • Persia : ايران Media_Files
  • Sultan : سلطان(Soltan) Media_Files
  • Tigris : دجله(Dijlah, Dicle, Hiddekel) Media_Files
  • Roman : رومي Media_Files
  • Islam : ‌اسلام Media_Files
  • Vezir : وزير(Vizier, Vezier, vizir, wazir) Media_Files
  • Oxus : سيحون(آمودريا)

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