The Iranian History 1052 AD


Toghrol Captures Isfahan

Aug, 9, 1052 AD

An Aerial view from Isfahan with Zayanderood River cutting the city in halfToghrol, the founder of the Seljuk dynasty captured Isfahan after one year of siege. He and his brother Chaghri had taken refuge in Kharazm after being defeated by Mahmoud Ghaznavi. After Mahmoud's death, they entered Khorasan , where they gradually built a power base, returning to defeat Mahmoud's son Masood in 1040. Toghrol put Chaghri in charge of Khorasan and proceeded to capture Rhagae and later Hamedan. He planned to set Isfahan as his capital and finally made a deal with the governor of Isfahan who was from a Deylami family to spare Yazd if Isfahan surrendered voluntarily. In 1055 he entered Baghdad and put an end to the Deylami dynasty. The Abbasi Caliph was then under his control and he set out to build a great empire. Commissioned by the Caliph, his quest for power continued with war against the Shiite sect and he crushed a rebellion in Baghdad in 1960. He died on September, 4th, 1063 in Rhagae at the age of 73. (Updated: Aug, 13, 2008)

Naser Khosrau's Journey Ends

Oct, 23, 1052 AD

A Map shows Iranian traveller Naser Khosrau's 7 years expedition of 19000 km from Marv on March, 6, 1046 visiting cities along the Caspian sea, Mesopotamia, Syria, Egypt and ended his journey after 7 years on Oct, 23, 1052.Naser Khosrau was the Iranian explorer who travelled 19000 kilometers setting off from Marv on March, 6, 1046. He visited cities along the Caspian sea, Mesopotamia, Syria, Egypt and many other places and ended his journey after 7 years on Oct, 23, 1052.
Naser Khosrau was a well known poet and philosopher that gathered his works under Safarnameh that gives the details of his journey throughout the Islamic world. While in Egypt, he accepted a version of Shiite faith. After he started preaching his faith, zealots of Khorasan started to harass him and he was forced to leave for Badakhshan where he completed his works and finished more than 11000 rhymes of poetry. He died in Badakhshan in 1088 at the age of 85. (Updated: Jan, 10, 2012)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Caspian Sea : درياي کاسپين Media_Files
  • Mesopotamia : بين النهرين(Beynolnahrain) ميان‌رودان Media_Files
  • Badakhshan : بدخشان
  • Safarnameh : سفرنامه
  • Khorasan : خراسان(Khorassan) Media_Files
  • Ghaznavi : غزنوي(Qaznavy) دولت آل ناصر Media_Files
  • Chaghri : چاغري بي(Chagri, Chaghri Beyk)
  • Toghrol : طغرل سلجوقي(Togrul, Tugrul Beyk,Toghrïl Beg) طغرل بن ارسلان سلجوقي Media_Files
  • Kharazm : خوارزم(Khwarezm,Khawarazm) خوراسميا Media_Files
  • Khosrau : خسرو(Osores,Khosro) Media_Files
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Caspian : کاسپين(Caspian Sea, Mazandaran, Khazar Sea) بحر خزر، درياي مازندران Media_Files
  • Isfahan : اصفهان(Esfahan, Sepahan,Esparan) اسپه دانه، اسپهان Media_Files
  • Baghdad : بغداد Media_Files
  • Deylami : ديلمي(Deilami) Media_Files
  • Islamic : اسلامي Media_Files
  • Hamedan : همدان(Ecbatana,Hamadan) هکمتانه Media_Files
  • Seljuk : سلجوقي(Selchuk) Media_Files
  • Abbasi : عباسي( Abbasid) Media_Files
  • Rhagae : ري(Ray, Rey) شهر ري Media_Files
  • Shiite : شيعه(Shia, Shi'a) Media_Files
  • Egypt : مصر(Al Mesr) Media_Files
  • Syria : سوريه Media_Files
  • Yazd : يزد Media_Files
  • Marv : مرو(Merv) Media_Files

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