The Iranian History 867 AD


Bactria Regains Independence From Abbasids

Feb, 9, 867 AD

Statue of Yaghub Leis Saffar (867-879) in Dezful. He was the founder of the Saffarid dynasty in Sistan who restored some of the most revered Iranian traditions. It was during his rule that Persian was introduced as the official language,Yaghub Leis, the founder of the Saffarian Dynasty liberated Bactria after a battle on Feb, 9, 867.
Yaghub was a restless warrior who defeated Arab vassal rulers one by one. In a series of battles, his army liberated Herat, Bamyan, Bactra, Kabul, and Bost. Iranians had first taken sword 40 years after Nahavand defeat and joined Mokhtar forces in Feb, 683. But all such movements were harshly suppressed by the Arab rulers. Yaghub Leis' patriotic fight continued for the next eleven years that ended with liberation of Neishabour, Gorgan, Kerman, Fars, and Khuzestan provinces. After his death, his brother Amro Leis took power.
However, a new regional rival emerged. Amir Ismail Samani, the founder of the Samanian Dynasty was a powerful vassal of the Caliph of Baghdad. He defeated Amro Leis in a battle in the spring of 900 AD in Balkh. The Samanian victory reduced the Saffarian Dynasty to a minor tributary in Sistan and Iranian leaders could not unite and regain country's independence until 931. (Updated: Jan, 8, 2008)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Samanian Dynasty : سلسله سامانيان(Samanid Empire) دودمان ساماني Media_Files
  • Ismail Samani : امير اسماعيل ساماني(Abu Ibrahim Ismail bin Ahmad,Amir Ismail) ابو ابراهيم اسماعيل بن احمد Media_Files
  • Yaghub Leis : يعقوب ليث
  • Neishabour : نيشابور(Neyshabour, Neishapour,Nishapur) نيشابور، نشابور. نشاپور. نيشاپور. نيسابور. نيوشاهپور Media_Files
  • Amro Leis : عمرو ليث(Amr-i Laith Saffar) عمرو ليث صفاري Media_Files
  • Khuzestan : خوزستان(Khoozestan, Khuzistan,Susiana) Media_Files
  • Saffarian : صفاريان(Saffarid Dynasty) Media_Files
  • Nahavand : نهاوند(Nihavand,Nehavand) Media_Files
  • Samanian : سامانيان(Samanid) Media_Files
  • Bactria : باختر(Daxia,Bactra,Balkh,Bakhtar) بلخ Media_Files
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Dynasty : دودمان ال، خاندان پادشاهان، سلسله Media_Files
  • Baghdad : بغداد Media_Files
  • Bamyan : باميان(Bamian,Bamiyan)
  • Kerman : کرمان(Carmania, Kermania) Media_Files
  • Gorgan : گرگان(Jorjan,Jurjan,Hyrcania,Astarabad) Media_Files
  • Samani : ساماني
  • Sistan : سيستان(Drangiana, Seistan) Media_Files
  • Bactra : باختر(Balkh,Bakhtar,Bactria) بلخ
  • Balkh : بلخ(Bactra,Bactria,Bakhtar) باختر،تُخارستان،طُخارستان Media_Files
  • Kabul : کابل(Kabol) Media_Files
  • Herat : هرات(Areia) Media_Files
  • Bost : بست(Lashkargah) لشکرگاه
  • Arab : عرب
  • Fars : فارس Media_Files

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