The Iranian History 416 BC


Special Gold Coins For Norooz

Mar, 21, 416 BC

Dariush Gold Coin DaricIranians have been celebrating Norooz for more than 3000 years, making Norooz the oldest national ceremony in the world. On this occasion Dariush 2 issues gold coins that shows a soldier with a bow and arrow. Mintage or making coins from gold and silver had been started 100 years before that at the time of Dariush I. The first coins were called Daric made of pure gold. Satraps and local governors were then banned from issuing gold coins and they were only allowed silver coins.
After Lydia was conquered in 564 B.C., a coinage workshop was created in Sardes where coins where made during the reign of Cyrus, Cambyses and Xerxes.
After the fall of the Achaemenid Empire, gold coins were replaced by silver coins during Seleucids and Parthians. Copper and bronze were widely used during Sassanid era. Shah Abbas of Safavid dynasty introduced Abbasi as the national money. Five Abbasi was called one Toman equal to 10,000 Dinars. Shahi became the new currency during Qajar dynasty. Fathali Shah introduced a new silver coin called Gheran which had a value equal to 1/10 of Toman (gold) , 5 Abbasi and 20 Shahi (copper).
Pahlavi was the next generation of gold coins in 1931with a value of 100 Rials. In 1979, Bahar Azadi became the new gold coin for Iran. (Updated: Aug, 22, 2011)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Safavid Dynasty : سلسله صفوي
  • Fathali Shah : فتحفلي شاه(Baba Khan) بابا خان Media_Files
  • Shah Abbas : شاه عباس Media_Files
  • Achaemenid : هخامنشي Media_Files
  • Dariush I : داريوش اول(Dariush the Great, Darius) Media_Files
  • Dariush 2 : داريوش دوم(Dariush II) وَهاوکا Media_Files
  • Sassanid : ساساني(Sasanian) Media_Files
  • Cambyses : کمبوجيه(Cambysis) کامبيز Media_Files
  • Dariush : داريوش(Darius) Media_Files
  • Safavid : صفوي Media_Files
  • Pahlavi : پهلوي(Pahlevi) Media_Files
  • Xerxes : خشايارشاه(Ahasverus, Khashayarshah) Media_Files
  • Abbasi : عباسي( Abbasid) Media_Files
  • Norooz : نوروز(Nowrooz,Noruz,Nevruz,Nawruz) Media_Files
  • Gheran : قران(Qeran,Geran) گران،صاحبقران
  • Sardes : ساردس(Sartmustapha,Sart)
  • Qajar : قاجار(Ghajar) قجر Media_Files
  • Cyrus : کورش(Kurosh, Kourosh, Koresh) Media_Files
  • Daric : داريک(Darik, darayaka) Media_Files
  • Toman : تومان(Tuman) Media_Files
  • Shahi : شاهي Media_Files
  • Lydia : ليديا Media_Files
  • Azadi : آزادي Media_Files
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files
  • Shah : شاه پادشاه‌ Media_Files

Latest Additions to Iranian History Chronicle: