The Iranian History 40 BC


Iran Takes Syria Back From Romans

Aug, 8, 40 BC

Embossed Bouquets of Lotus, a symbol of Persian empire in ruins of PerspolisAfter crushing the Roman army, Iran took back Syria. The Iranian army then proceeded and liberated Palestine. After the Roman senate declared war on Iran, it took 3 years to find legionaries from all over the Roman realm including today's West Europe, Spain, North Africa, Greece and Yugoslavia.
Before the war started, the Roman emperor Octavius had requested that Iranians give back the Roman flags that were lost during the Carrhae defeat in 53 B.C. The request was rejected by the Iranian senate, Mehestan.
The Romans finally attacked Iran with 113,000 top soldiers headed by Marcus Antonius, Cleopatra's husband. The Iranian main army leaded by Farhad IV used a new tactic that deployed light cavalries for a constant hit and run to draw the enemy into a pre-planned area. At this stage, the enemy's supply lines were cut and ambushed. Thus the huge Roman army was crushed and 24,000 were killed. The Roman POWs were sent to Urmia and were used in agriculture while Marcus and the rest of his army fled through the shores of the Black sea. Octavius was trying to put another army together to strike again but he chose to attack Egypt where Marcus had settled. Finally, the two superpowers made a peace treaty that lasted for 71 years. (Updated: Aug, 9, 2008)

English-Persian Glossary
  • Iranian Army : ارتش ايران Media_Files
  • Yugoslavia : يوگسلاوي
  • Cleopatra : کلئوپاترا Media_Files
  • Palestine : فلسطين Media_Files
  • Mehestan : مهستان(Mahestan)
  • Octavius : اکتاويوس(Octavian) Media_Files
  • Iranian : ايراني‌ اهل‌ ايران‌ ، وابسته‌به‌ ايران‌ Media_Files
  • Carrhae : کرهه(Harran,Oshroene) حران Media_Files
  • Greece : يونان(Ionia,Yunan) Media_Files
  • Farhad : فرهاد(Phraates,Ferhat)
  • Africa : افريقا
  • Roman : رومي Media_Files
  • Egypt : مصر(Al Mesr) Media_Files
  • Spain : اسپانيا Media_Files
  • Urmia : اروميه(Urmiya, Orumiyeh, Orumieh,Urma) Media_Files
  • Syria : سوريه Media_Files
  • Iran : ايران Media_Files
  • OWS : جنبش اشغال وال استريت(Occupy Wall Street) Media_Files

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