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    Matches:Iran Pro League

    * Iran Pro League *

    لیگ حرفه ای ایران


    Iranian_Flag_Hand_Love_Heart.jpg
    (Wikipedia) - Persian Gulf Pro League   (Redirected from Iran Pro League) Persian Gulf Pro League لیگ برتر خلیج فارس Country Confederation Founded Divisions Number of teams Levels on pyramid Relegation to Domestic cup(s) International cup(s) Current champions Most championships TV partners Website
     Iran
    AFC
    1970 officially 2001 with current format
    1
    16
    1
    Azadegan League
    Hazfi Cup
    AFC Champions League
    Foolad (2nd title) (2013–14)
    Sepahan (4 titles)
    IRIB TV3 & Jame Jam 1 (live matches) Varzesh (live matches) Channel 2 (highlights)
    Iranleague.ir
    2014–15 Persian Gulf Pro League

    The Persian Gulf Pro League (Persian: لیگ برتر خلیج فارس‎) also known as Iran Pro League (IPL) (Persian: جام خلیج فارس‎), is a professional football league competition for clubs located at the highest level of the Iranian football league system. It was founded in 1970 as the Takht Jamshid Cup, but the current format was adopted in 2001. Contested by 16 teams, it is ranked by the Asian Football Confederation as the 2nd best league in Asia and the best league in Western Asia. The Premier League is the top tier of an extensive pyramid-like structure, above the Azadegan League (or 1st Division), the 2nd division, the 3rd Division and the lower local leagues. Since the creation of the league in 2001, six different teams have become league champions.

    Contents

    History Main article: Iranian Football League Iranian League Winners Season Winner Runners-up
    1970–71 Taj Pas Tehran
    1971–72 Persepolis Pas Tehran
    1973–74 Persepolis Taj
    1974–75 Taj Persepolis
    1975–76 Persepolis Homa
    1976–77 Pas Tehran Persepolis
    1977–78 Pas Tehran Persepolis
    1989–90 Esteghlal Persepolis
    1991–92 Pas Tehran Esteghlal
    1992–93 Pas Tehran Persepolis
    1993–94 Saipa Persepolis
    1994–95 Saipa Esteghlal
    1995–96 Persepolis Bahman
    1996–97 Persepolis Bahman
    1997–98 Esteghlal Pas Tehran
    1998–99 Persepolis Esteghlal
    1999–2000 Persepolis Esteghlal
    2000–01 Esteghlal Persepolis
    2001–02 Persepolis Esteghlal
    2002–03 Sepahan Pas Tehran
    2003–04 Pas Tehran Esteghlal
    2004–05 Foolad Zob Ahan
    2005–06 Esteghlal Pas Tehran
    2006–07 Saipa Esteghlal Ahvaz
    2007–08 Persepolis Sepahan
    2008–09 Esteghlal Zob Ahan
    2009–10 Sepahan Zob Ahan
    2010–11 Sepahan Esteghlal
    2011–12 Sepahan Tractor Sazi
    2012–13 Esteghlal Tractor Sazi
    2013–14 Foolad Persepolis
    Foundation

    Before the 1970s Iran did not have an official national league and most teams competed in their local leagues, the most popular of those leagues being the Tehran Local League, which featured teams like Pas Tehran, Persepolis, and Taj.

    In 1972, the Takht Jamshid Cup was created as the national league and included teams from all over the country. Pas Tehran and Persepolis were the most successful clubs in the cups five year existence, winning the cup twice each. In 1978, the league was abandoned because of the Iranian Revolution.

    Due to the revolution and the Iran–Iraq War, football was no longer a priority. In 1985, the Qods League was created and was played among provincial teams. Tehran A, and Esfahan were the most successful teams, winning the League twice each. In spite of the attempts to create a national league the most important competition in Iran in the 1980s was the Tehran Clubs Cup in which Persepolis dominated.

    In 1991 the Qods League was renamed the Azadegan League in honor of Iranian prisoners of war. Pas Tehran won the inaugural edition of the league, and for the first time since the revolution, Iran had a national league. Pas Tehran, Persepolis, and Esteghlal were the leagues most successful sides, with Pas and Esteghlal winning the Asian Club Championships and Persepolis winning the Asian Cup Winners'' Cup. In 2001 the league dissolved with the introduction of the new Iran Pro League.

    Iran Pro League

    The 2001–02 season saw the introduction of a professional football league in Iran. The first winner of the Iran Pro League was Persepolis, who beat rival club Esteghlal by one point on the final match day. In the 2002–03 season, Sepahan won the league comfortably with seven points separating them and second placed Pas Tehran. In the 2003–04 Iran Pro League season, Pas Tehran won their first title after coming in second place the year before. Defending champions Sepahan finished 6th place. The 2004–05 season was a surprising one as Foolad shockingly won the title, finishing on top by six points. In the 2005–06 season, Tehran club Esteghlal won their first league title, winning on the final day as they finished one point ahead of second placed team Pas Tehran.

    Persian Gulf Cup

    On August 12, 2006, the Iranian Football Federation decided to change the name of the league once again. The name of the league was changed to the Persian Gulf Cup. This was done to promote the name of the Persian Gulf, instead of the many variations that some nations and organizations use which Iran disputes. The logo of the league was also changed, with the winner being selected from over 130 designs and unveiled on November 14, 2006.

    Saipa was the 6th team to win the new edition of the league which meant six different teams won leagues in a row. However, Persepolis regained the title after six years in 2008 by a dramatic win against rivals Sepahan on the 96th minute of the final matchday and became the first team that won two titles in the new edition of the League. The next season, Esteghlal did the same thing and won the league for the second time on the final match day.

    Sepahan''s domestic dominance started in the 2009–10 season where they won the league comfortably, a feat which they did again the following season. They also won In the 2011–12 edition of the league, they had a more difficult job trying repeat the glory of the past years, they won it on the final match day for the third time in a row. They are the first club in the history of the Iran Pro League to win the League 3 times, and 3 times in a row. Sepahan''s dominance ended in the 2012–13 season, when Esteghlal cruised to a comfortable league victory.

    Before the start of the 2012–13 season, the IFF, who were recommended by Iran national football team manager Carlos Queiroz, announced that for the 2013–14 season the number of the teams will be reduced from 18 to 16, to increase the competitiveness of the league.

    The 2013–14 season witnessed the closest title race since the league came into existence. Coming into the last match day, 5 teams had the possibility of becoming champions, in the end Foolad became champions after beating Gostaresh 1–0. While Persepolis finished second, two points behind Foolad. Although Sepahan beat Naft Tehran 1–0 on the final matchday, Naft finished third ahead of Sepahan because of better goal difference. With Esteghlal''s 3–1 loss to Tractor Sazi, Esteghlal finished 5th and missed out on a Champions League spot for the first time in four years.

    In the summer of 2014, the leagues name was officially changed to Persian Gulf Pro League, and a new logo was made as well.

    Current clubs (2014–15) Team City Venue Capacity
    Esteghlal Tehran Azadi 95,225 - 100,000
    Esteghlal Khuzestan Ahvaz Takhti Ahvaz 30,000
    Foolad Ahvaz Ghadir 50,199
    Gostaresh Tabriz Gostaresh Foolad 12,000
    Malavan Anzali Takhti Anzali 15,559
    Naft Masjed Soleyman Masjed Soleyman Behnam Mohammadi 8,000
    Naft Tehran Tehran Dastgerdi 8,250
    Padideh Mashhad Samen 30,000
    Paykan Qods Shahre Qods 25,000
    Perspolis Tehran Azadi 95,225 - 100,000
    Rah Ahan Tehran Takhti Tehran 12,922
    Saba Qom Qom Yadegar Emam 10,610
    Saipa Karaj Enghelab Karaj 15,000
    Sepahan Esfahan Foolad Shahr 15,000
    Tractor Sazi Tabriz Sahand 80,451
    Zob Ahan Esfahan Foolad Shahr 15,000
    Champions Further information: Iranian football champions List of champions by season Season Winner No. IPL titles
    2001–02 Persepolis 1
    2002–03 Sepahan 1
    2003–04 Pas Tehran 1
    2004–05 Foolad 1
    2005–06 Esteghlal 1
    2006–07 Saipa 1
    2007–08 Persepolis 2
    2008–09 Esteghlal 2
    2009–10 Sepahan 2
    2010–11 Sepahan 3
    2011–12 Sepahan 4
    2012–13 Esteghlal 3
    2013–14 Foolad 2
    Most successful clubs since 2001 in Iran Pro League Team Winners Runners-up Third Place
    Sepahan 4 (2002–03, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12) 1 (2007–08) 1 (2012–13)
    Esteghlal 3 (2005–06, 2008–09, 2012–13) 3 (2001–02, 2003–04, 2010–11) 3 (2004–05, 2009–10, 2011–12)
    Persepolis 2 (2001–02, 2007–08) 1 (2013–14) 2 (2002–03, 2006–07)
    Foolad 2 (2004–05, 2013–14) 2 (2001–02, 2003–04)
    Pas Tehran 1 (2003–04) 2 (2002–03, 2005–06)
    Saipa 1 (2006–07) 1 (2005–06)
    Zob Ahan 3 (2004–05, 2008–09, 2009–10) 1 (2010–11)
    Tractor Sazi 2 (2011–12, 2012–13)
    Esteghlal Ahvaz 1 (2006–07)
    Naft Tehran 1 (2013–14)
    All-time Premier League standings Season Persepolis Esteghlal Sepahan Key:
    2001–02 1 2 9
    2002–03 3 9 1
    2003–04 5 2 6
    2004–05 4 3 10
    2005–06 9 1 7
    2006–07 3 4 5
    2007–08 1 13 2
    2008–09 5 1 4
    2009–10 4 3 1
    2010–11 4 2 1
    2011–12 12 3 1
    2012–13 7 1 3
    2013–14 2 5 4
    Top three finishes 5 9 6
    out of 13
    Champions
    2nd or 3rd place
    4th or below

    Since the 2001–02 season, thirteen seasons of the Professional League has been completed. The below table shows the total ranking for the all football clubs competing in these all 13 seasons.

    Pos. Club Seasons Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Best Rank
    1 Esteghlal 13 402 198 126 78 602 384 +218 719 Champions
    2 Sepahan 13 402 192 123 91 597 388 +209 6821 Champions
    3 Persepolis 13 402 174 135 93 565 423 +142 6502 Champions
    4 Zob Ahan 13 402 158 132 112 485 412 +73 606 2nd
    5 Foolad 12 368 145 123 100 460 382 +78 558 Champions
    6 Saipa 13 402 123 147 132 467 465 +2 516 Champions
    7 Malavan 12 368 110 119 139 354 433 -79 448 7th
    8 Fajr Sepasi 12 368 111 122 149 347 406 -59 438 4th
    9 Saba Qom 10 324 104 125 95 387 367 +20 437 3rd
    10 Paykan 10 308 94 82 132 326 402 -76 364 5th
    11 Mes Kerman 8 264 85 99 80 310 292 +18 354 3rd
    12 Aboomoslem 9 270 83 90 97 299 305 -6 339 4th
    13 Rah Ahan 9 298 78 97 119 303 364 -61 331 8th
    14 Esteghlal Ahvaz 8 244 78 71 95 310 344 -34 305 2nd
    15 Tractor Sazi 6 192 76 68 53 248 204 +44 295 2nd
    16 Pas Tehran 6 168 72 59 37 263 181 +82 275 Champions
    17 Bargh Shiraz 8 236 60 78 98 250 334 -84 258 7th
    18 Damash Gilan 8 248 57 80 111 228 342 -114 250 7th
    19 Naft Tehran 4 132 49 47 36 154 134 +20 194 3rd
    20 Sanat Naft 5 162 43 42 77 178 251 -73 171 9th
    21 Pas Hamedan 4 136 38 47 51 140 166 -26 161 5th
    22 Shahin Bushehr 3 102 23 38 41 98 117 -19 107 13th
    23 Steel Azin 2 68 19 23 26 85 112 -27 80 5th
    24 Shamoushak 3 86 16 26 44 64 118 -54 74 14th
    25 Shahrdari Tabriz 2 68 14 29 25 79 97 -18 71 12th
    26 Aluminium Hormozgan 1 34 7 14 13 26 40 -14 35 15th
    27 Payam Mashhad 1 34 9 8 17 33 52 -19 35 16th
    28 Gostaresh 1 30 7 11 12 31 34 -3 32 10th
    29 Esteghlal Khuzestan 1 30 6 11 13 26 37 -11 29 12th
    30 Mes Sarcheshmeh 1 34 5 9 20 23 54 -31 24 18th
    31 Shirin Faraz 1 34 3 12 19 25 59 -34 21 18th
    32 Shahid Ghandi Yazd 1 30 4 7 19 21 43 -22 19 16th
    33 Gahar Doroud 1 34 3 10 21 24 59 -35 19 18th

    1 Sepahan was deducted 3 points in 2007–08 season issued by Iranian Football Federation. 2 Persepolis was deducted 6 points in 2007–08 season issued by FIFA.

    Competition format and sponsorship Competition

    There are currently 16 clubs in the league, although the competition started in 2001–02 with 14 teams. The season lasts from August to May, with each club playing the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents for a total of 30 games for each club, with a total of 240 games in each season. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. Teams are ranked by total points, then goal difference and then goals scored. At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned as champion. At the end of the season, the two worst teams are relegated directly to the Azadegan League. While the third worst team plays in a relegation play-off with an Azadegan League club.

    In the Azadegan League there are two groups, the top team from each group is automatically promoted to the top flight. But, the two runner-up teams have to play against each other in a 2-legged competition. The winner is promoted to the Iran Pro League play-off, while the loser remains in the Azadegan League.

    In 2012, the league considered reducing the amount of teams to 16, for the 2012–13 season. This idea was dismissed for the 2012–13 season, but was implicated for the 2013–14 season.

    Qualification for Asian competitions

    As of 2008 four teams from Iran qualify for the AFC Asian Champions League annually. This includes the top three teams of the PGPL together with the winner of the Hazfi Cup. If the winner of the Hazfi Cup is also among the three top PGPL teams then the fourth best PGPL team also qualifies.

    SponsorshipFormer logo, used from 2006 to 2014

    The Persian Gulf Pro League has been sponsored since 2005. There have been four sponsors since the league''s formation. In 2014, Irannovin Company became the League''s sponsor for a record fee.

    According to a November 2012 study, in the 2010–11 season Iran Pro League clubs on average obtained 15% of their income from sponsorship.

    Media coverage

    Channel 3 broadcast two games a week nationally and IRIB 2 broadcast two games a week internationally, however due to the immense popularity of Tehran teams Persepolis F.C. and Esteghlal F.C. only these teams'' matches are shown on IRIB 2 internationally. Since the 2012-13 season IRIB Varzesh will televise a second game each week nationally. With the provincial channels broadcasting the rest of their local games. Occasionally on important match days, such as the final day, Channel 2 and Shoma broadcast games nationally.

    On 20 July 2011, IRIB and the IFF came to agreement regarding TV rights of both IPL and national team matches worth $96.5 million that will run until 2014.

    Players Transfer season Foreigner cap

    Each team is allowed as many foreign players in their squad as they desire, however there is a rule that only permits three foreign players the pitch at any one time for each side. In the past there have been breaches of this rule and in the 2006–07 season Pas Tehran were deducted one point for fielding four foreigners on one occasion and handed a 3–0 loss. Shortly after the 2011–12 Iran Pro League season finished, the IFF announced that foreign goalkeepers on Iranian teams would be banned from Azadegan League, Iran Pro League, Hazfi Cup, and Asian Champions League. A few weeks later, the IFF announced that the ban of foreign goalkeepers had been lifted, and that each team is allowed 4 foreign on the field including the goalkeeper.

    Ranking

    As of 2012 it was ranked as the 36th strongest league in the world by the IFFHS. It was also ranked the 2nd best league in Asia and the best in Western Asia by the Asian Football Confederation.

    Records All-time top scorers See also: List of Iranian club football top goal scorers, List of IPL all-time top goal scorers and Iranian Football League § All-time League top scorers

    last update: October 3, 2014

    No. Player Goals Years
    1 Reza Enayati 132 2001 to present
    2 Arash Borhani 112 2002 to present
    3 Mehdi Rajabzadeh 93 2001 to present
    4 Fereydoon Fazli 85 2001 to 2010
    5 Karim Ansarifard 76 2007 to 2014
    6 Jalal Rafkhaei 70 2005 to present
    = Emad Mohammed 70 2005 to 2012
    8 Reza Norouzi 67 2007 to present
    9 Siavash Akbarpour 65 2004 to 2014
    10 Mohammad Gholami 64 2001 to present
    11 Edinho 63 2007 to present
    12 Mohammad Reza Khalatbari 61 2006 to present
    = Mohsen Bayatinia 61 2001 to 2014
    13 Ibrahima Touré 60 2007 to 2011
    = Mehdi Seyed-Salehi 60 2001 to present
    16 Saeid Daghighi 57 2004 to present
    17 Davoud Haghi 53 2003 to 2013
    18 Iman Razaghirad 52 2001 to 2014
    19 Hadi Asghari 52 2005 to 2012
    20 Ali Daei 49 2003 to 2007
    21 Javad Kazemian 47 2001 to 2014

    Players in bold are still active in the league.

    Winning managers See also: List of Iranian football league winning managers

    last update: April 20, 2014

    Season Nationality Winning manager Club
    2001–02 Iran ! Iran Parvin, AliAli Parvin Persepolis
    2002–03 Iran ! Iran Kazemi, FarhadFarhad Kazemi Sepahan
    2003–04 Iran ! Iran Jalali, MajidMajid Jalali Pas Tehran
    2004–05 Croatia ! Croatia Mladen Frančić Foolad
    2005–06 Iran ! Iran Ghalenoei, AmirAmir Ghalenoei Esteghlal
    2006–07 Iran ! Iran Daei, AliAli Daei Saipa
    2007–08 Iran ! Iran United States ! United States Ghotbi, AfshinAfshin Ghotbi Persepolis
    2008–09 Iran ! Iran Ghalenoei, AmirAmir Ghalenoei Esteghlal
    2009–10 Iran ! Iran Ghalenoei, AmirAmir Ghalenoei Sepahan
    2010–11 Iran ! Iran Ghalenoei, AmirAmir Ghalenoei Sepahan
    2011–12 Croatia ! Croatia Kranjčar, ZlatkoZlatko Kranjčar Sepahan
    2012–13 Croatia ! Iran Ghalenoei, AmirAmir Ghalenoei Esteghlal
    2013–14 Croatia ! Iran Faraki, HosseinHossein Faraki Foolad
    Multiple winning managers See also: List of Iranian football league winning managers

    last update: April 20, 2014

    No. Winning manager Club No. titles
    1 Amir Ghalenoei Esteghlal, Sepahan 5
    2 Ali Parvin Perspolis 1
    Farhad Kazemi Sepahan
    Majid Jalali Pas Tehran
    Mladen Frančić Foolad
    Ali Daei Saipa
    Afshin Ghotbi Persepolis
    Zlatko Kranjčar Sepahan
    Hossein Faraki Foolad
    Multiple winning players

    last update: April 20, 2014

    No. Winning player Club No. titles
    1 Moharram Navidkia Sepahan 4
    Jalal Hosseini Saipa, Sepahan
    Mehdi Rahmati Esteghlal, Sepahan
    Hashem Beikzadeh Esteghlal, Sepahan
    Fábio Januário Esteghlal, Sepahan
    6 Mohsen Bengar Sepahan 3
    Ahmad Jamshidian Sepahan
    Mehdi Karimian Sepahan
    Hossein Papi Sepahan
    Mehdi Jafarpour Sepahan
    Rahman Ahmadi Saipa, Sepahan
    Shahin Kheiri Sepahan, Esteghlal
    Pejman Montazeri Foolad, Esteghlal
    Kianoush Rahmati Pas Tehran, Esteghlal
    Siavash Akbarpour Esteghlal
    Arash Borhani Pas Tehran, Esteghlal
    Mojtaba Jabbari Esteghlal

    Tags:2003–04 Iran Pro League, AFC, AFC Champions League, Afshin, Ahvaz, Ali Daei, Amir Ghalenoei, Anzali, Asia, Asian Football Confederation, Azadegan, Azadegan League, Azadi, Bahman, Bushehr, Carlos Queiroz, Croatia, Daei, Damash, Enghelab, Esfahan, Esteghlal, Esteghlal F.C, FIFA, Fajr, Farhad, Football Federation, Ghadir, Gilan, Hamedan, Homa, Hormozgan, IPL, IRIB, Iran, Iran Pro League, Iran national football team, Irancell, Iranian, Iranian Revolution, Iran–Iraq War, Iraq, Jalali, Jam, Jame, Jamshid, Karaj, Kerman, Khuzestan, Malavan, Mashhad, Masjed Soleyman, Media, Mehdi, Mes Kerman, Mohammad Reza Khalatbari, Moharram, Mojtaba Jabbari, Paykan, Pejman Montazeri, Persepolis, Persepolis F.C, Persian, Persian Gulf, Perspolis, Premier League, Qods, Qom, Revolution, Reza Enayati, Saba, Sahand, Sepahan, Shiraz, Siavash, Tabriz, Takhti, Tehran, United States, Website, Wikipedia, Yazd, Zob Ahan


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