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    * Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province *

    استان چهارمحال و بختیاری


    Chaharmahal_Bakhtiari_Chukar_Partridge.jpg
    (Wikipedia) - Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province
    This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (September 2008)
    Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Province استان چهارمحال و بختیاری Country Region Capital Counties Area  • Total Population  • Total Time zone  • Summer (DST) Main language(s)
    Province
    Location of Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari within Iran
    Coordinates: 32°19′39″N 50°51′17″E / 32.3275°N 50.8546°E / 32.3275; 50.8546Coordinates: 32°19′39″N 50°51′17″E / 32.3275°N 50.8546°E / 32.3275; 50.8546
     Iran
    Region 2
    Shahrekord
    7
    16,332 km2 (6,306 sq mi)
    about 11 to 12 million in 70 city and area
    IRST (UTC+03:30)
    IRST (UTC+04:30)
    Bakhtiari Lurish Persian

    Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province (Persian: استان چهارمحال و بختیاری‎, Ostān-e Chahār-Mahāl-o Bakhtiyārī ) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It lies in the southwestern part of the country. Its capital is Shahrekord.

    The province was put as part of Region 2 upon the division of the provinces into 5 regions solely for coordination and development purposes on June 22nd, 2014.

    It has an area of 16,332 square kilometers and a population of 842,000 (2005 estimate).

    Contents
    • 1 People and culture
    • 2 Administrative divisions
      • 2.1 Counties (Shahrestans)
      • 2.2 Cities and towns
    • 3 Economy
      • 3.1 Colleges and universities
    • 4 References
    • 5 External links

    People and culture

    Ethnic composition of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari

      Bakhtiari (56.3%)   Persian (30.5%)   Qashqai (12.1%)   I don''t know (0.5%)   Other (0.6%)
    This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2009)

    The history of the province is tied to that of the Bakhtiari tribe. The Bakhtiari tribe can be divided into two sub-tribes, Haft Lang and Chahar Lang with various territorial affiliations and they are the main speakers of Lurish language. As the name of the province dictates with the combining grammatical feature of "-o-" which is Persian for "and"; the other group of peoples in this ancient province are the Chahar Mahali''s. These peoples and the Lur''s live side by side and share almost similar customs. Very slight differences exist between them but most are almost unnoticeable. However there is often quite a bit of intermixing of the peoples through marriage. The cities of Shahrekord, Broujen, Ben, Naafch and Saman fall in the Chahar Mahali area of the province and are generally not inhabited by Lurs. The Bakhtiari territories at times have also come under Isfahan and Khuzestan province.

    The people of this province have a history of having a simple living and being a capable people who are determined and effective warriors and fighters whenever circumstances made it necessary. They have gained such a reputation as being excellent, if not the best, horsemen in Iran. The people of this province, while having the more common Pahlevani wrestling/combat style of the deep rooted traditional Zurkhane, which exists everywhere in all provinces, also have their own style of wrestling/unarmed combat as well (as do other provinces). The style is called Jangi (Jang means War and hence Jangi "war''ish" or "war like").

    The province has various unique traditions and rituals relative to the ''tribal'' lifestyles. Special forms of music, dance, and clothing are noteworthy.

    Administrative divisions Counties (Shahrestans) Map Shahrestan (≈County) Bakhsh (≈District) District Center
    ShahrekordSamanBenLaranKiar BorujenGandomanBoldajiKhanmirzaFalardLordegan FarsanManjMiankuhArdal KuhrangBazoftCHELGARDKhuzestan Lorestan Esfahan Esfahan Kohgilooyeh and Boyer-AhmadSHAHREKORDARDALBORUJENLORDEGANFARSAN
    Ardal Central Ardal
    Miankooh Sarkhun
    Boroojen Central Boroojen
    Boldaji Boldaji
    Gandoman Gandoman
    Farsan Central Farsan
    Koohrang Central Chelgerd
    Bazaft Chaman-Goli
    Kiar Central Shalamzar
    Naghan Naghan
    Lordegan Central Lordegan
    Falard Mal-e Khalifeh
    Khanmirza Aluni
    Manj Manj
    Shahr-e Kord Central Shahr-e Kord
    Ben Ben
    Laran Soureshjan
    Saman Saman
    Cities and towns
    • Shahrekord
    • Shahrekian
    • Hafshejan
    • Borujen
    • Lordegan
    • Farsan
    • Ardal
    • Dashtak
    • Kaj
    • Farrokhshahr
    • Naafch
    • Saman
    • Juneghan
    • Ben
    • Gandoman
    • Boldaji
    • Faradonbeh
    Economy

    The province is mainly active in the agriculture sector. Most of the industrial sector is clustered around the center of the province.

    The province has the potential to become a vibrant tourist attraction because of its natural resources.

    Colleges and universities

    Tags:Administrative, Azad, Bakhtiari, Capital, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, Esfahan, Farsan, Iran, Isfahan, Islamic, Islamic Azad University, Khuzestan, Lorestan, Persian, Shahrekord, Wikipedia


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