• Section: Herbalism /Saturday 11th October 2014

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    * Sisymbrium irio *

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    (Wikipedia) - Sisymbrium irio London Rocket Scientific classification Binomial name
    Kingdom: Plantae
    (unranked): Angiosperms
    (unranked): Eudicots
    (unranked): Rosids
    Order: Brassicales
    Family: Brassicaceae
    Genus: Sisymbrium
    Species: S. irio
    Sisymbrium irio L.

    London rocket, Sisymbrium irio, is a herbal plant in the family Brassicaceae. It is an annual herb exceeding three feet in height with open, slender stem branches. The flowers are small with four pale yellow petals. The basal leaves are broad and often lobed, while the upper leaves are linear in shape and up to four inches long. The fruit is a long narrow cylindrical silique which stays green when ripe. The younger pods overtop the flowers. When dried the fruit has small red oblong seeds.

    The common name "London rocket" comes from its abundance after the Great Fire of London in 1666. It was also noticed on bomb sites after the Blitz, but not to the same extent.

    This species is considered a weed in some areas.

    Uses

    London rocket is used in the Middle East to treat coughs and chest congestion, to relieve rheumatism, to detoxify the liver and spleen, and to reduce swelling and clean wounds. The Bedouin use the leaf of London Rocket as a tobacco substitute.

    Notes
  • ^ A.R. Clapham, E.F. Warburg, T.G. Tutin. Flora of the British Isles. 
  • ^ London at War, 1939–1945, p. 243, at Google Books
  • ^ In Search of London, p. 103, at Google Books
  • ^ The Ecology of Transportation, p. 11, at Google Books
  • ^ Lev, Efraima (2003) "Sisymbrium irio" Medicinal substances in Jerusalem from early times to the present day Archaeopress, Oxford, UK, p. 62, ISBN 978-1-84171-490-5
  • ^ Bailey, Clinton and Danin, Avinoam (1981) "Bedouin Plant Utilization in Sinai and the Negev" Economic Botany 35(2): pp. 145-162, p. 158
  • Tags:British, Google, Jerusalem, London, Middle East, Oxford, Search, Sisymbrium irio, UK, Wikipedia


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