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    * September 11 *

    11 سپتامبر


    Iranian_Flag_Hand_Love_Heart.jpg
    (Wikipedia) - September 11 This is the latest accepted revision, accepted on 12 October 2014. This article is about the date. For the attacks in the United States in 2001, see September 11 attacks. For the Chilean coup, see 1973 Chilean coup d''état.
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    September 11 in recent years
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    September 11 is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 111 days remaining until the end of the year. It is usually the first day of the year in the Coptic calendar and Ethiopian calendar (in the period AD 1900 to AD 2099).

    Contents
    • 1 Events
    • 2 Births
    • 3 Deaths
    • 4 Holidays and observances
    • 5 External links

    Events
    • 1185 – Isaac II Angelos kills Stephen Hagiochristophorites and then appeals to the people, resulting in the revolt that deposes Andronikos I Komnenos and places Isaac on the throne of the Byzantine Empire.
    • 1226 – The Roman Catholic practice of public adoration of the Blessed Sacrament outside of Mass spreads from monasteries to parishes.
    • 1297 – Battle of Stirling Bridge: Scots jointly-led by William Wallace and Andrew Moray defeat the English.
    • 1390 – Lithuanian Civil War (1389–92): The Teutonic Knights begin a five-week siege of Vilnius.
    • 1541 – Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, led by Michimalonco.
    • 1565 – Ottoman forces retreat from Malta ending the Great Siege of Malta.
    • 1609 – Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning of the expulsion of all Spain''s Moriscos.
    • 1609 – Henry Hudson discovers Manhattan Island and the indigenous people living there.
    • 1649 – Siege of Drogheda ends: Oliver Cromwell''s English Parliamentarian troops take the town and execute its garrison.
    • 1697 – Battle of Zenta.
    • 1708 – Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the Great Northern War. The army is defeated nine months later in the Battle of Poltava, and the Swedish Empire ceases to be a major power.
    • 1709 – Battle of Malplaquet: Great Britain, Netherlands and Austria fight against France.
    • 1714 – Siege of Barcelona: Barcelona, capital city of Catalonia, surrenders to Spanish and French Bourbon armies in the War of the Spanish Succession.
    • 1758 – Battle of Saint Cast: France repels British invasion during the Seven Years'' War.
    • 1775 – Benedict Arnold''s expedition to Quebec leaves Cambridge, Massachusetts.
    • 1776 – British–American peace conference on Staten Island fails to stop nascent American Revolutionary War.
    • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Brandywine: The British celebrate a major victory in Chester County, Pennsylvania.
    • 1786 – The beginning of the Annapolis Convention.
    • 1789 – Alexander Hamilton is appointed the first United States Secretary of the Treasury.
    • 1792 – The Hope Diamond is stolen along with other French crown jewels when six men break into the house where they are stored.
    • 1802 – France annexes the Kingdom of Piedmont.
    • 1803 – Battle of Delhi, during the Second Anglo-Maratha War, between British troops under General Lake, and Marathas of Scindia''s army under General Louis Bourquin.
    • 1813 – War of 1812: British troops arrive in Mount Vernon and prepare to march to and invade Washington, D.C..
    • 1814 – War of 1812: The climax of the Battle of Plattsburgh, a major United States victory in the war.
    • 1826 – Captain William Morgan is arrested in Batavia, New York for debt. This sets into motion the events that lead to his mysterious disappearance.
    • 1829 – Surrender of the expedition led by Isidro Barradas at Tampico, sent by the Spanish crown in order to retake Mexico. This was the consummation of Mexico''s campaign for independence.
    • 1830 – Anti-Masonic Party convention; one of the first American political party conventions.
    • 1847 – Stephen Foster''s song "Oh! Susanna" is first performed at a saloon in Pittsburgh.
    • 1851 – Christiana Resistance: Escaped slaves stand against their former owner in armed resistance in Christiana, Pennsylvania, creating a rallying cry for the abolitionist movement.
    • 1852 – The State of Buenos Aires secedes from the Argentine Federal government, rejoining on September 17, 1861. Several places are named Once de Septiembre after this event.
    • 1857 – The Mountain Meadows massacre: Mormon settlers and Paiutes massacre 120 pioneers at Mountain Meadows, Utah.
    • 1893 – Parliament of the World''s Religions opens in Chicago, where Swami Vivekananda delivers his speech on fanaticism, tolerance and the truth inherent in all religions.
    • 1897 – After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom.
    • 1903 – The first race at the Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin is held. It is the oldest major speedway in the world.
    • 1914 – Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent at the Battle of Bita Paka.
    • 1916 – The Quebec Bridge''s central span collapses, killing 11 men. The bridge previously collapsed completely on August 29, 1907.
    • 1919 – U.S. Marines invade Honduras.
    • 1921 – Nahalal, the first moshav in Palestine, is settled as part of a Zionist plan to colonize Palestine and creating a Jewish state, later to be Israel.
    • 1922 – The Treaty of Kars is ratified in Yerevan, Armenia.
    • 1922 – One of the Herald Sun of Melbourne, Australia''s predecessor papers The Sun News-Pictorial is founded.
    • 1931 – Salvatore Maranzano is murdered by Lucky Luciano''s hitmen.
    • 1932 – Franciszek Żwirko and Stanisław Wigura, Polish Challenge 1932 winners, are killed when their RWD 6 airplane crashes during a storm.
    • 1939 – World War II: Canada declares war on Germany, the country''s first independent declaration of war
    • 1940 – George Stibitz performs the first remote operation of a computer.
    • 1941 – Ground is broken for the construction of The Pentagon.
    • 1941 – Charles Lindbergh''s Des Moines Speech accusing the British, Jews and the Roosevelt administration of pressing for war with Germany.
    • 1943 – World War II: German troops occupy Corsica and Kosovo-Metohija.
    • 1943 – World War II: Start of the liquidation of the Ghettos in Minsk and Lida by the Nazis.
    • 1944 – World War II: The first Allied troops of the U.S. Army cross the western border of Germany.
    • 1944 – World War II: RAF bombing raid on Darmstadt and the following firestorm kill 11,500.
    • 1945 – World War II: Australian 9th Division forces liberate the Japanese-run Batu Lintang camp, a POW and civilian internment camp on the island of Borneo.
    • 1954 – Hurricane Edna hits New England as a Category 3 hurricane, causing significant damage and 29 deaths.
    • 1961 – Hurricane Carla strikes the Texas coast as a Category 4 hurricane, the second strongest storm ever to hit the state.
    • 1965 – Indo-Pakistani War: The Indian Army captures the town of Burki, just southeast of Lahore.
    • 1968Air France Flight 1611 crashes off Nice, France, killing 89 passengers and six crew.
    • 1968 – The International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) was found.
    • 1970 – The Dawson''s Field hijackers release 88 of their hostages. The remaining hostages, mostly Jews and Israeli citizens, are held until September 25.
    • 1971 – The Egyptian Constitution becomes official.
    • 1972 – The San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit system begins passenger service.
    • 1973 – A coup in Chile headed by General Augusto Pinochet topples the democratically elected president Salvador Allende. Pinochet exercises dictatorial power until ousted in a referendum in 1988, staying in power until 1990.
    • 1974 – Eastern Air Lines Flight 212 crashes in Charlotte, North Carolina, killing 69 passengers and two crew.
    • 1976 – A group of Croatian nationalists plant a bomb in a coin locker at Grand Central Terminal. After stating political demands, they reveal the location and provided instructions for disarming the bomb. The disarming operation are not executed properly and the bomb explodes, killing one NYPD bomb squad specialist.
    • 1978 – Janet Parker is the last person to die of smallpox, in a laboratory-associated outbreak.
    • 1980 – Voters approve a new Constitution of Chile, later amended after the departure of president Pinochet.
    • 1982 – The international forces that were guaranteeing the safety of Palestinian refugees following Israel''s 1982 Invasion of Lebanon leave Beirut. Five days later, several thousand refugees are massacred in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.
    • 1985 – Pete Rose breaks Ty Cobb''s baseball record for most career hits with his 4,192nd hit.
    • 1988 – The St. Jean Bosco massacre takes place in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
    • 1989 – Hungary announces that the East German refugees who had been housed in temporary camps were free to leave for West Germany.
    • 1992 – Hurricane Iniki, one of the most damaging hurricanes in United States history, devastates the Hawaiian islands of Kauai and Oahu.
    • 1997 – NASA''s Mars Global Surveyor reaches Mars.
    • 1997 – After a nationwide referendum, Scotland votes to establish a devolved parliament within the United Kingdom.
    • 1997 – Fourteen Estonian soldiers die in the Kurkse tragedy, drowning in the Baltic Sea.
    • 1998 – Opening ceremony for the 1998 Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Malaysia is the first Asian country to host the games.
    • 2000 – Melbourne hosts World Economic Forum where S11 protests also take place.
    • 2001 – Two hijacked aircraft crash into the World Trade Center in New York City, while a third smashes into The Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia, and a fourth into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania, in a series of coordinated suicide attacks by 19 members of al-Qaeda. In total 2,996 people are killed.
    • 2007 – Russia tests the largest conventional weapon ever, the Father of All Bombs.
    • 2012 – A total of 315 people are killed in two garment factory fires in Pakistan.
    • 2012 – The U.S. embassy in Benghazi, Libya is attacked, resulting in four deaths.
    • 2013 – A 400 km long human chain called Catalan Way is organized by the Assemblea Nacional Catalana for the independence of Catalonia
    Births
    • 1182 – Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun (d. 1204)
    • 1522 – Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian ornithologist and botanist (d. 1605)
    • 1524 – Pierre de Ronsard, French poet (d. 1585)
    • 1525 – John George, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1598)
    • 1611 – Henri de la Tour d''Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, French general (d. 1675)
    • 1681 – Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German academic and jurist (d. 1741)
    • 1700 – James Thomson, Scottish poet and playwright (d. 1748)
    • 1711 – William Boyce, English composer (d. 1779)
    • 1723 – Johann Bernhard Basedow, German author and educator (d. 1790)
    • 1764 – Valentino Fioravanti, Italian organist and composer (d. 1837)
    • 1771 – Mungo Park, Scottish surgeon and explorer (d. 1806)
    • 1786 – Friedrich Kuhlau, German-Danish pianist and composer (d. 1832)
    • 1798 – Franz Ernst Neumann, German mineralogist and physicist (d. 1895)
    • 1800 – Daniel S. Dickinson, American lawyer and politician, 13th Lieutenant Governor of New York (d. 1866)
    • 1816 – Carl Zeiss, German lens maker, created the Optical instrument (d. 1888)
    • 1825 – Eduard Hanslick, Bohemian-Austrian musicologist and critic (d. 1904)
    • 1836 – Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American journalist, author, and explorer (d. 1870)
    • 1838 – John Ireland, American archbishop (d. 1918)
    • 1859 – Vjenceslav Novak, Croatian author and playwright (d. 1905)
    • 1860 – James Allan, New Zealand rugby player (d. 1934)
    • 1861 – Juhani Aho, Finnish author and journalist (d. 1921)
    • 1862 – Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, English field marshal and politician, 12th Governor General of Canada (d. 1935)
    • 1862 – Hawley Harvey Crippen, American physician (d. 1910)
    • 1862 – O. Henry, American pharmacist and author (d. 1910)
    • 1864 – Draga Mašin, Serbian wife of Alexander I of Serbia (d. 1903)
    • 1865 – Rainis, Latvian poet and playwright (d. 1929)
    • 1871 – Scipione Borghese, 10th Prince of Sulmona, Italian race car driver, mountaineer, and politician (d. 1927)
    • 1876 – Stan Rowley, Australian sprinter (d. 1924)
    • 1877 – Felix Dzerzhinsky, Polish-Russian politician (d. 1926)
    • 1877 – James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, astronomer, and mathematician (d. 1946)
    • 1879 – Louis Coatalen, French engineer (d. 1962)
    • 1883 – Emil Rausch, German swimmer (d. 1954)
    • 1884 – Sudhamoy Pramanick, Indian politician (d. 1974)
    • 1885 – D. H. Lawrence, English author, poet, playwright, and critic (d. 1930)
    • 1885 – Herbert Stothart, American composer and conductor (d. 1949)
    • 1891 – William Thomas Walsh, American historian, author, and educator (d. 1949)
    • 1892 – Lucien Buysse, Belgian cyclist (d. 1980)
    • 1892 – Pinto Colvig, American actor, singer, and animator (d. 1967)
    • 1893 – Douglas Hawkes, English-Greek race car driver (d. 1974)
    • 1894 – William von Wirén, Estonian sailor (d. 1956)
    • 1895 – Vinoba Bhave, Indian philosopher and activist (d. 1982)
    • 1895 – Nur Ali Elahi, Iranian jurist and philosopher (d. 1974)
    • 1898 – Gerald Templer, English field marshal and politician, British High Commissioner in Malaya (d. 1979)
    • 1899 – Philipp Bouhler, German politician (d. 1945)
    • 1899 – Jimmie Davis, American singer-songwriter and politician, 47th Governor of Louisiana (d. 2000)
    • 1899 – Anton Koolmann, Estonian wrestler and coach (d. 1953)
    • 1900 – D. W. Brooks, American farmer and businessman, founded Gold Kist (d. 1999)
    • 1902 – Barbecue Bob, American singer and guitarist (d. 1931)
    • 1903 – Theodor Adorno, German sociologist and philosopher (d. 1969)
    • 1904 – Karl Plutus, Estonian lawyer and jurist (d. 2010)
    • 1907 – Lev Oborin, Russian pianist and educator (d. 1974)
    • 1908 – Alvar Lidell, English journalist (d. 1981)
    • 1911 – Bola de Nieve, Cuban singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1971)
    • 1913 – Bear Bryant, American football player and coach (d. 1983)
    • 1913 – Jacinto Convit, Venezuelan physician and academic (d. 2014)
    • 1914 – Ralph Clanton, American actor (d. 2002)
    • 1914 – Patriarch Pavle of Serbia (d. 2009)
    • 1917 – Donald Blakeslee, American colonel and pilot (d. 2008)
    • 1917 – Herbert Lom, Czech-English actor (d. 2012)
    • 1917 – Ferdinand Marcos, Filipino soldier, lawyer, and politician, 10th President of the Philippines (d. 1989)
    • 1917 – Jessica Mitford, English-American journalist and author (d. 1996)
    • 1917 – Daniel Wildenstein, French art dealer and horse breeder (d. 2001)
    • 1921 – Leaford Bearskin, American tribal leader and colonel (d. 2012)
    • 1921 – Edwin Richfield, English actor and screenwriter (d. 1990)
    • 1923 – Alan Badel, English actor (d. 1982)
    • 1923 – Betsy Drake, French-American actress and singer
    • 1924 – Daniel Akaka, American soldier, engineer, and politician
    • 1924 – Tom Landry, American football player and coach (d. 2000)
    • 1924 – Rudolf Vrba, Czech-Canadian holocaust survivor and educator (d. 2006)
    • 1925 – Yiye Ávila, Puerto Rican evangelist and author (d. 2013)
    • 1925 – Alan Bergman, American songwriter
    • 1925 – Harry Somers, Canadian composer (d. 1999)
    • 1926 – Eddie Miksis, American baseball player (d. 2005)
    • 1927 – Vernon Corea, Sri Lankan-English radio host (d. 2002)
    • 1927 – Christine King Farris, American educator and author
    • 1927 – G. David Schine, American soldier and businessman (d. 1996)
    • 1928 – Reubin Askew, American sergeant, lawyer, and politician, 37th Governor of Florida (d. 2014)
    • 1928 – Earl Holliman, American actor
    • 1928 – William X. Kienzle, American priest and author (d. 2001)
    • 1929 – Luis García, Venezuelan baseball player and manager (d. 2014)
    • 1929 – Primož Kozak, Slovenian playwright (d. 1981)
    • 1929 – Patrick Mayhew, Baron Mayhew of Twysden, English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
    • 1930 – Cathryn Damon, American actress (d. 1987)
    • 1930 – Jean-Claude Forest, French author and illustrator (d. 1998)
    • 1930 – Renzo Montagnani, Italian actor (d. 1997)
    • 1930 – Saleh Selim, Egyptian footballer, manager, and actor (d. 2002)
    • 1931 – John Reger, American football player (d. 2013)
    • 1931 – Bill Simpson, Scottish actor (d. 1986)
    • 1931 – Hans-Ulrich Wehler, German historian and academic (d. 2014)
    • 1932 – Peter Anderson, English footballer
    • 1933 – Margaret Booth, English judge
    • 1933 – William Luther Pierce, American author and activist (d. 2002)
    • 1934 – Ian Abercrombie, English-American actor (d. 2012)
    • 1934 – Norma Croker, Australian sprinter
    • 1934 – Oliver Jones, Canadian pianist and composer
    • 1935 – Arvo Pärt, Estonian composer
    • 1935 – Gherman Titov, Russian general, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2000)
    • 1936 – Pavel Landovský, Czech actor, director, and playwright (d. 2014)
    • 1937 – Robert Crippen, American captain, pilot, and astronaut
    • 1937 – Joseph Kobzon, Ukrainian-Russian singer
    • 1937 – Queen Paola of Belgium
    • 1938 – David Higgins, English composer and conductor (d. 2006)
    • 1939 – Charles Geschke, American businessman, co-founded Adobe Systems
    • 1940 – Brian De Palma, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
    • 1940 – Nông Đức Mạnh, Vietnamese politician
    • 1940 – Thomas K. McCraw, American historian and author (d. 2012)
    • 1940 – Theodore Olson, American lawyer and politician, United States Solicitor General
    • 1940 – Robert Palmer, American businessman, co-founded Mostek
    • 1941 – Paul Cole, English horse trainer
    • 1942 – Lola Falana, American actress, singer, and dancer
    • 1942 – Gerome Ragni, American actor, playwright, and composer (d. 1991)
    • 1943 – André Caillé, Canadian chemist and businessman
    • 1943 – Mickey Hart, American drummer (Grateful Dead, The Other Ones, The Dead, and Rhythm Devils)
    • 1943 – Khun Htun Oo, Burmese politician
    • 1943 – Brian Perkins, New Zealand-English journalist
    • 1943 – Raymond Villeneuve, Canadian activist
    • 1944 – Everaldo, Brazilian footballer (d. 1974)
    • 1944 – Freddy Thielemans, Belgian educator and politician, Mayor of Brussels
    • 1945 – Franz Beckenbauer, German footballer and manager
    • 1945 – Gianluigi Gelmetti, Italian composer and conductor
    • 1945 – Leo Kottke, American singer and guitarist
    • 1945 – Felton Perry, American actor
    • 1946 – Anthony Browne, English author and illustrator
    • 1946 – Julie Covington, English singer and actress
    • 1946 – John "Juke" Logan, American singer-songwriter and harmonica player (d. 2013)
    • 1946 – Jim Shoulder, English footballer and manager
    • 1946 – Dennis Tufano, American singer (The Buckinghams)
    • 1947 – Bob Catley, English singer-songwriter (Magnum and Hard Rain)
    • 1947 – Terry Rodgers, American painter, sculptor, and photographer
    • 1948 – John Martyn, English-Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2009)
    • 1949 – Roger Uttley, English rugby player and coach
    • 1949 – Bill Whittington, American race car driver
    • 1950 – Anne Dell, Australian biochemist and academic
    • 1950 – Bruce Doull, Australian footballer
    • 1950 – Leonora Linter, Russian-Estonian businessman and activist
    • 1950 – Amy Madigan, American actress and singer
    • 1950 – Barry Sheene, English motorcycle racer (d. 2003)
    • 1951 – Miroslav Dvořák, Czech ice hockey player (d. 2008)
    • 1951 – Richard D. Gill, English-Dutch mathematician and academic
    • 1951 – Hugo Porta, Argentinian rugby player
    • 1952 – Catherine Bott, English soprano
    • 1953 – Jani Allan, English-South African journalist
    • 1953 – Renée Geyer, Australian singer
    • 1953 – Tommy Shaw, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Styx, Damn Yankees and Shaw Blades)
    • 1953 – Michael Tavinor, English priest
    • 1954 – Sinan Savaskan, English composer
    • 1955 – Sharon Lamb, American psychologist and academic
    • 1956 – Tony Gilroy, American director, producer, and screenwriter
    • 1957 – Jon Moss, English drummer (Culture Club, London, and The Nips)
    • 1957 – Jeff Sluman, American golfer
    • 1958 – Roxann Dawson, American actress, director, and producer
    • 1958 – Brad Lesley, American baseball player and actor (d. 2013)
    • 1958 – Scott Patterson, American actor
    • 1958 – Phoef Sutton, American screenwriter and producer
    • 1959 – Andre Dubus III, American author and academic
    • 1960 – Hiroshi Amano, Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
    • 1960 – Michael P. Leavitt, American soldier
    • 1960 – Anne Ramsay, American actress
    • 1961 – Philip Ardagh, English author
    • 1961 – Elizabeth Daily, American actress and singer
    • 1961 – Virginia Madsen, American actress, singer, and producer
    • 1961 – Samina Raja, Pakistani poet and educator (d. 2012)
    • 1962 – Filip Dewinter, Belgian politician
    • 1962 – Kristy McNichol, American actress and singer
    • 1962 – Victoria Poleva, Ukrainian composer
    • 1962 – Julio Salinas, Spanish footballer
    • 1962 – Jenny Sanford, American banker and businesswoman
    • 1963 – Dave Bidini, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Rheostatics)
    • 1963 – Colin Wells, English actor
    • 1964 – Ellis Burks, American baseball player and manager
    • 1964 – Victor Wooten, American bass player, songwriter, and producer (Béla Fleck and the Flecktones, Vital Tech Tones, SMV, and Chick Corea Elektric Band)
    • 1965 – Moby, American singer-songwriter and DJ (Vatican Commandos)
    • 1965 – Bashar al-Assad, Syrian marshal and politician, 21st President of Syria
    • 1965 – Paul Heyman, American wrestling promoter, manager, and journalist
    • 1965 – Andrus Kajak, Estonian fencer
    • 1965 – David Roe, English snooker player
    • 1966 – Kiko, Princess Akishino of Japan
    • 1967 – Maria Bartiromo, American journalist
    • 1967 – Harry Connick, Jr., American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor
    • 1967 – Tony David, Australian darts player
    • 1967 – Sung Jae-gi, South Korean activist (d. 2013)
    • 1967 – Arpad Miklos, Hungarian-American porn actor (d. 2013)
    • 1967 – Charles Walker, English politician
    • 1968 – Allan Alaküla, Estonian journalist
    • 1968 – Paul Mayeda Berges, American director and screenwriter
    • 1968 – Kay Hanley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Letters to Cleo)
    • 1968 – Blade Thompson, American porn actor and director
    • 1969 – Stefano Cagol, Italian photographer
    • 1969 – Gidget Gein, American bass player (Marilyn Manson) (d. 2008)
    • 1969 – Eduardo Pérez, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster
    • 1970 – Chris Garver, American tattoo artist
    • 1970 – Taraji P. Henson, American actress and singer
    • 1970 – William Joppy, American boxer
    • 1970 – Taja Kramberger, Slovenian sociologist and poet
    • 1970 – Ted Leo, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Citizens Arrest, Chisel, and Ted Leo and the Pharmacists)
    • 1970 – Laura Wright, American actress
    • 1971 – Richard Ashcroft, English singer-songwriter (The Verve and RPA & The United Nations of Sound)
    • 1971 – Markos Moulitsas, American soldier, blogger, and author, founded Daily Kos
    • 1971 – Johnny Vegas, English comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter
    • 1971 – Shelton Quarles, American football player and scout
    • 1972 – Matthew Gilmore, Belgian cyclist
    • 1973 – In-Grid, Italian singer-songwriter and dancer
    • 1974 – DeLisha Milton-Jones, American basketball player and coach
    • 1975 – Juan Cobián, Argentinian footballer
    • 1975 – Pierre Issa, South African footballer
    • 1975 – Mark Klepaski, American bass player (Breaking Benjamin and Lifer)
    • 1976 – Tomáš Enge, Czech race car driver
    • 1976 – Elephant Man, Jamaican rapper and DJ
    • 1976 – Flora Redoumi, Greek hurdler
    • 1977 – Ludacris, American rapper, producer, and actor, founded Disturbing tha Peace Records
    • 1977 – Jonny Buckland, English guitarist (Coldplay)
    • 1977 – Matthew Stevens, Welsh snooker player
    • 1977 – Tobias Zellner, German footballer
    • 1978 – Ben Lee, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (Noise Addict, The Bens, and Gerling)
    • 1978 – Ed Reed, American football player
    • 1978 – Dejan Stanković, Serbian footballer
    • 1979 – Éric Abidal, French footballer
    • 1979 – Leon Cort, English footballer
    • 1979 – Frank Francisco, Dominican baseball player
    • 1979 – Steve Hofstetter, American comedian, journalist, and author
    • 1979 – David Pizarro, Chilean footballer
    • 1979 – Ariana Richards, American actress and singer
    • 1980 – Mike Comrie, Canadian ice hockey player
    • 1980 – Dawit Kebede, Ethiopian journalist
    • 1980 – Antônio Pizzonia, Brazilian race car driver
    • 1981 – Andrea Dossena, Italian footballer
    • 1981 – Charles Kelley, American singer-songwriter (Lady Antebellum)
    • 1981 – Dylan Klebold, American student and murderer, conducted the Columbine High School massacre (d. 1999)
    • 1982 – Shriya Saran, Indian model and actress
    • 1983 – Ike Diogu, American basketball player
    • 1983 – Jacoby Ellsbury, American baseball player
    • 1984 – Aled de Malmanche, New Zealand rugby player
    • 1984 – Benson Stanley, New Zealand rugby player
    • 1985 – Robert Acquafresca, Italian footballer
    • 1985 – Shaun Livingston, American basketball player
    • 1985 – Zack Stortini, Canadian ice hockey player
    • 1986 – Ryann Donnelly, American singer-songwriter (Schoolyard Heroes)
    • 1986 – Darvin Edwards, Saint Lucian high jumper
    • 1986 – Dwayne Jarrett, American football player
    • 1986 – Chiliboy Ralepelle, South African rugby player
    • 1986 – Rhian Sugden, English model and actress
    • 1987 – Aroldis Chapman, Cuban baseball player
    • 1987 – Tyler Hoechlin, American actor
    • 1987 – Mai Oshima, Japanese singer and actress (AKB48)
    • 1987 – Meamea Thomas, I-Kiribati weightlifter (d. 2013)
    • 1988 – Lee Yong-dae, South Korean badminton player
    • 1989 – Asuka Kuramochi, Japanese singer and actress (AKB48)
    • 1989 – Michael J. Willett, American actor and singer
    • 1990 – Henry Hopper, American actor
    • 1990 – Jo Inge Berget, Norwegian footballer
    • 1991 – Jordan Ayew, Ghanan footballer
    • 1991 – Anastasia Rybachenko, Russian activist
    • 1992 – Jonathan Adams, English discus thrower
    Deaths
    • 1063 – Béla I of Hungary (b. 1016)
    • 1161 – Melisende, Queen of Jerusalem (b. 1105)
    • 1185 – Stephen Hagiochristophorites, Byzantine courtier (b. 1130)
    • 1279 – Robert Kilwardby, English cardinal (b. 1215)
    • 1298 – Philip of Artois (b. 1269)
    • 1349 – Bonne of Bohemia (b. 1315)
    • 1599 – Beatrice Cenci, Italian murderer (b. 1577)
    • 1677 – James Harrington, English philosopher and author (b. 1611)
    • 1680 – Roger Crab, English soldier and doctor (b. 1621)
    • 1680 – Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan (b. 1596)
    • 1721 – Rudolf Jakob Camerarius, German botanist and physician (b. 1665)
    • 1733 – François Couperin, French organist and composer (b. 1668)
    • 1760 – Louis Godin, French astronomer and academic (b. 1704)
    • 1822 – Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Żółkowski, Polish actor (b. 1777)
    • 1823 – David Ricardo, English economist and politician (b. 1772)
    • 1843 – Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer (b. 1786)
    • 1851 – Sylvester Graham, American minister and nutritionist (b. 1794)
    • 1865 – Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general (b. 1806)
    • 1888 – Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Argentinian journalist and politician, 7th President of Argentina (b. 1811)
    • 1896 – Francis James Child, American scholar and educator (b. 1825)
    • 1911 – Louis Henri Boussenard, French explorer and author (b. 1847)
    • 1915 – William Sprague IV, American businessman and politician, 27th Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1830)
    • 1915 – William Cornelius Van Horne, American-Canadian businessman (b. 1843)
    • 1917 – Georges Guynemer, French captain and pilot (b. 1894)
    • 1921 – Subramanya Bharathi, Indian journalist, poet, and activist (b. 1882)
    • 1923 – Ole Østmo, Norwegian target shooter (b. 1866)
    • 1926 – Matsunosuke Onoe, Japanese actor and director (b. 1875)
    • 1932 – Stanisław Wigura, Polish pilot and businessman, co-founded the RWD Company (b. 1901)
    • 1932 – Franciszek Żwirko, Polish soldier and pilot (b. 1895)
    • 1935 – Charles Norris, American coroner (b. 1867)
    • 1939 – Konstantin Korovin, Russian-French painter and set designer (b. 1861)
    • 1941 – Christian Rakovsky, Bulgarian physician, journalist, and politician, Soviet Ambassador to France (b. 1873)
    • 1947 – Alice Keppel, Scottish mistress of Edward VII (b. 1868)
    • 1948 – Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Pakistani lawyer and politician, 1st Governor-General of Pakistan (b. 1876)
    • 1949 – Henri Rabaud, French composer and conductor (b. 1873)
    • 1950 – Jan Smuts, South African field marshal and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of South Africa (b. 1870)
    • 1956 – Billy Bishop, Canadian colonel and pilot (b. 1894)
    • 1958 – Camillien Houde, Canadian politician, 34th Mayor of Montreal (b. 1889)
    • 1958 – Robert W. Service, English-French poet and author (b. 1874)
    • 1959 – Paul Douglas, American actor (b. 1907)
    • 1964 – Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh, Indian poet and critic (b. 1917)
    • 1965 – Ralph C. Smedley, American educator, founded Toastmasters International (b. 1878)
    • 1966 – Collett E. Woolman, American businessman, co-founded Delta Air Lines (b. 1889)
    • 1967 – Tadeusz Żyliński, Polish engineer and academic (b. 1904)
    • 1968 – René Cogny, French general (b. 1904)
    • 1971 – Bella Darvi, Polish-Monacan actress (b. 1928)
    • 1971 – Nikita Khrushchev, Russian general and politician (b. 1894)
    • 1972 – Max Fleischer, American animator, director, and producer (b. 1883)
    • 1973 – Salvador Allende, Chilean physician and politician, 29th President of Chile (b. 1908)
    • 1973 – Neem Karoli Baba, Indian philosopher and guru
    • 1974 – Lois Lenski, American author and illustrator (b. 1893)
    • 1978 – Mike Gazella, American baseball player and manager (b. 1895)
    • 1978 – Georgi Markov, Bulgarian author and playwright (b. 1929)
    • 1978 – Janet Parker, English photographer (b. 1938)
    • 1978 – Ronnie Peterson, Swedish race car driver (b. 1944)
    • 1984 – Jerry Voorhis, American politician (b. 1901)
    • 1985 – William Alwyn, English composer, conductor, and educator (b. 1905)
    • 1985 – Eleanor Dark, Australian author (b. 1901)
    • 1986 – Panagiotis Kanellopoulos, Greek academic and politician, 138th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1902)
    • 1986 – Noel Streatfeild, English author (b. 1895)
    • 1987 – Lorne Greene, Canadian-American actor and singer (b. 1915)
    • 1987 – Peter Tosh, Jamaican singer-songwriter and guitarist (Bob Marley and the Wailers) (b. 1944)
    • 1987 – Mahadevi Varma, Indian poet and educator (b. 1907)
    • 1988 – Roger Hargreaves, English author and illustrator (b. 1935)
    • 1988 – John Sylvester White, American actor (b. 1919)
    • 1990 – Myrna Mack, Guatemalan anthropologist and activist (b. 1949)
    • 1991 – Ernst Herbeck, Austrian-German poet (b. 1920)
    • 1993 – Antoine Izméry, Haitian businessman and activist
    • 1993 – Erich Leinsdorf, Austrian-American conductor (b. 1912)
    • 1994 – William Obanhein, American police officer (b. 1924)
    • 1994 – Jessica Tandy, English-American actress and singer (b. 1909)
    • 1994 – Luciano Sgrizzi, Italian harpsichord player, pianist, and composer (b. 1910)
    • 1995 – Anita Harding, English neurologist and academic (b. 1952)
    • 1995 – Kieth O''dor, English race car driver (b. 1962)
    • 1997 – Camille Henry, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1933)
    • 1997 – Hannah Weiner, American poet (b. 1928)
    • 1998 – Dane Clark, American actor and director (b. 1913)
    • 1999 – Belkis Ayón, Cuban painter and lithographer (b. 1967)
    • 1999 – Bobby Limb, Australian actor (b. 1924)
    • 1999 – Gonzalo Rodríguez, Uruguayan race car driver (b. 1972)
    • 2001 – Alice Stewart Trillin, American author and educator (b. 1938)
    • 2001 – Casualties of the September 11 attacks:
      • David Angell, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1946)
      • Mohamed Atta, Egyptian terrorist, hijacker of American Airlines Flight 11 (b. 1968)
      • Garnet Bailey, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1948)
      • Todd Beamer, American passenger on United Airlines Flight 93 (b. 1968)
      • Berry Berenson, American photographer, actress, and model (b. 1948)
      • Carolyn Beug, American director and producer (b. 1952)
      • Bill Biggart, American photographer and journalist (b. 1947)
      • Mark Bingham, American businessman (b. 1970)
      • Ronald Paul Bucca, American fire marshal (b. 1954)
      • Charles Burlingame, American captain and pilot (b. 1949)
      • Tom Burnett, American businessman (b. 1963)
      • William M. Feehan, American firefighter (b. 1929)
      • Wilson Flagg, American admiral (b. 1938)
      • Peter J. Ganci, Jr., American firefighter (b. 1946)
      • Ahmed al-Ghamdi, Saudi Arabian terrorist, hijacker of United Airlines Flight 175 (b. 1979)
      • Hamza al-Ghamdi, Saudi Arabian terrorist, hijacker of United Airlines Flight 175 (b. 1980)
      • Hani Hanjour, Saudi Arabian terrorist, hijacker–pilot of American Airlines Flight 77 (b. 1972)
      • Nawaf al-Hazmi, Saudi Arabian terrorist, hijacker of American Airlines Flight 77 (b. 1976)
      • Salem al-Hazmi, Saudi Arabian terrorist, hijacker of American Airlines Flight 77 (b. 1981)
      • Ziad Jarrah, Lebanese terrorist, hijacker of United Airlines Flight 93 (b. 1975)
      • Mychal Judge, American priest (b. 1933)
      • Daniel M. Lewin, American mathematician and businessman, co-founded Akamai Technologies (b. 1970)
      • Timothy Maude, American general (b. 1947)
      • Eamon McEneaney, American lacrosse player and poet (b. 1954)
      • Khalid al-Mihdhar, Saudi Arabian terrorist, hijacker of American Airlines Flight 77 (b. 1975)
      • Majed Moqed, Saudi Arabian terrorist, hijacker of American Airlines Flight 77 (b. 1977)
      • John P. O''Neill, American FBI agent (b. 1952)
      • John Ogonowski, American pilot (b. 1951)
      • Barbara Olson, American lawyer and journalist (b. 1955)
      • Abdulaziz al-Omari, Saudi Arabian terrorist, hijacker of American Airlines Flight 11 (b. 1979)
      • Betty Ong, American flight attendant (b. 1956)
      • Rick Rescorla, American colonel (b. 1939)
      • Marwan al-Shehhi, Emirati terrorist, hijacker–pilot of United Airlines Flight 175 (b. 1978)
      • Wail al-Shehri, Saudi Arabian terrorist, hijacker of American Airlines Flight 11 (b. 1973)
      • Madeline Amy Sweeney, American flight attendant (b. 1966)
    • 2002 – Kim Hunter, American actress (b. 1922)
    • 2002 – Johnny Unitas, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1933)
    • 2002 – David Wisniewski, American author and illustrator (b. 1953)
    • 2003 – Anna Lindh, Swedish politician, 39th Minister of Foreign Affairs for Sweden (b. 1957)
    • 2003 – John Ritter, American actor and producer (b. 1948)
    • 2004 – Fred Ebb, American songwriter (b. 1933)
    • 2004 – David Mann, American painter and illustrator (b. 1939)
    • 2004 – Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria (b. 1949)
    • 2005 – Al Casey, American guitarist (b. 1915)
    • 2005 – Chris Schenkel, American sportscaster (b. 1923)
    • 2006 – William Auld, Scottish poet and author (b. 1924)
    • 2006 – Pat Corley, American actor (b. 1930)
    • 2006 – Joachim Fest, German journalist and author (b. 1926)
    • 2006 – Johannes Bob van Benthem, Dutch lawyer (b. 1921)
    • 2007 – Ian Porterfield, Scottish-English footballer and manager (b. 1946)
    • 2007 – Gene Savoy, American explorer, theologian, and author (b. 1927)
    • 2007 – Jean Séguy, French sociologist and author (b. 1925)
    • 2007 – Joe Zawinul, Austrian keyboard player and songwriter (Weather Report) (b. 1932)
    • 2009 – Gertrude Baines, American super-centenarian (b. 1894)
    • 2009 – Pierre Cossette, Canadian producer and manager (b. 1923)
    • 2009 – Larry Gelbart, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1928)
    • 2009 – Yoshito Usui, Japanese author and illustrator (b. 1958)
    • 2010 – Harold Gould, American actor and singer (b. 1923)
    • 2010 – Kevin McCarthy, American actor (b. 1914)
    • 2010 – Taavi Peetre, Estonian shot putter (b. 1983)
    • 2011 – Christian Bakkerud, Danish race car driver (b. 1984)
    • 2011 – Ralph Gubbins, English footballer (b. 1932)
    • 2011 – Anjali Gupta, Indian soldier and pilot (b. 1975)
    • 2011 – Andy Whitfield, Welsh-Australian actor (b. 1972)
    • 2012 – Finn Bergesen, Norwegian civil servant and businessman (b. 1945)
    • 2012 – Rein Etruk, Estonian chess player (b. 1938)
    • 2012 – Tomas Evjen, Norwegian cinematographer and producer (b. 1972)
    • 2012 – Sergio Livingstone, Chilean footballer and sportscaster (b. 1920)
    • 2012 – Manuel Salvat Dalmau, Spanish publisher (b. 1925)
    • 2012 – Sean Smith, American diplomat (b. 1978)
    • 2012 – J. Christopher Stevens, American lawyer and diplomat, 10th United States Ambassador to Libya (b. 1960)
    • 2013 – Marshall Berman, American philosopher, author, and critic (b. 1940)
    • 2013 – Francisco Chavez, Filipino lawyer and politician, Solicitor-General of the Philippines (b. 1947)
    • 2013 – Keith Dunstan, American-Australian journalist and author (b. 1925)
    • 2013 – Jimmy Fontana, Italian singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1934)
    • 2013 – Albert Jacquard, French geneticist and biologist (b. 1925)
    • 2013 – Prince Jazzbo, Jamaican DJ and producer (b. 1951)
    • 2013 – Virgil A. Richard, American general (b. 1937)
    • 2013 – Andrzej Trybulec, Polish mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1941)
    • 2014 – Bob Crewe, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1930)
    • 2014 – Antoine Duhamel, French composer and conductor (b. 1925)
    • 2014 – Kendall Francois, American serial killer (b. 1971)
    • 2014 – Joachim Fuchsberger, German actor and television host (b. 1927)
    • 2014 – Hamish McHamish, Scottish cat (b. 1999)
    • 2014 – Donald Sinden, English actor and singer (b. 1923)
    Holidays and observances
    • Christian feast days:
      • Deiniol
      • John Gabriel Perboyre
      • Our Lady of Coromoto
      • Paphnutius of Thebes (Roman Catholic Church)
      • Protus and Hyacinth
      • Harry Burleigh (Episcopal Church (USA))
      • September 11 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
    • Death Anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, a former holiday. (Pakistan)
    • Earliest date on which Enkutatash can fall, while September 12 is the latest, celebrated on the first day of Mäskäräm. (Ethiopia)
    • Emergency Number Day, proclaimed by President Reagan on August 26 in 1987. (United States communities, particularly the local emergency services)
    • National Day of Catalonia (Catalonia)
    • Nayrouz (Coptic Orthodox Church)
    • Patriot Day (United States)
    • Teachers'' Day (Argentina)
    • 1st day of Thoth in the Egyptian calendar
    External links
    Wikimedia Commons has media related to September 11.
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