• Login/Register
  • Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

    Search β):

    * Proto-Iranian language *

    زبان دودمان های ایرانی


    Iranian_Flag_Hand_Love_Heart.jpg
    (Wikipedia) - Proto-Iranian language
    This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2006)

    Proto-Iranian, or Proto-Iranic, is the reconstructed proto-language of the Iranian languages branch of Indo-European language family, and as such, the ancestor of the Iranian languages such as Persian, Sogdian, Zazaki, Mazandarani, Kurdish and others. Its speakers, the hypothetical Proto-Iranians, are assumed to have lived in the early 2nd millennium BC, and are usually connected with the Proto-Indo-Iranians and early Andronovo archaeological horizon.

    Proto-Iranian was a Satem language descended from the Proto-Indo-Iranian language, which in turn came from the Proto-Indo-European language. It was likely removed less than a millennium from the Avestan language, and less than two millennia from PIE.

    Proto-Indo-European and Indo-Iranian Phonological Correspondences PIE Av PIE Av
    *p p *ph?ater "father" pitar- "father"
    *bʱ b *bʱréhater "brother" bratar- "brother
    *t t *tuhxóm "thou" tvm "thou"
    *d d *doru "wood" dar- "wood"
    *dʱ d *dʱohxneha- "grain" dana- "grain"
    *kʲ s *dékʲm? "ten" dasa "ten"
    *gʲ z *gʲónu "knee" zanu- "knee"
    *gʱʲ z *gʱʲimós "cold" z?maka- "winterstorm"
    *k x ~ c *kruharós "bloody" xrura- "bloody"
    *g g ~ z *haéuges- "strength" aojah "strength"
    *gʱ g ~ z *dl?hxgʱós "long" dar?ga- "long"
    *kʷ k ~ c *kʷós "who" ko "who"
    *gʷ g ~ j *gʷou- "cow" gau- "cow"
    Proto-Indo-Iranian Avestan Old Persian Persian VedicSanskrit
    *aćva ("horse") aspa asa (native word) اسب asb (horse) aśvaḥ
    *bʱag- baγa baj- (baji; "tribute") باج bâj (tax) bhag- (bhaga)
    *bʱratr- ("brother") brātar bratar برادر barâdar (brother) bhratŗ
    *bʱumi ("earth", "land") bumi بوم bum bhumi
    *martya ("mortal", "man") mašiia martya مرد mard (man) martya
    *masa ("moon") māh- maha ماه mâh (moon, month) masa
    *vasara ("early") vahara ("spring") بهار bahâr (spring) vasara ("morning")
    *arta ("truth") aša arta (?) راست râst (correct) ŗta
    *draugʱ- ("falsehood") druj draug- دروغ dorugh (lie) druh-
    *sauma "pressed (juice)" haoma soma

    Tags:Iranian, Kurdish, Old Persian, Persian, Proto-Indo-Iranian, Proto-Iranian, Sanskrit, Vedic, Wikipedia


    Add definition or comments on Proto-Iranian language

    Your Name / Alias:
    E-mail:
    Definition / Comments
    neutral points of view
    Source / SEO Backlink:
    Anti-Spam Check
    Enter text above
    Upon approval, your definition will be listed under: Proto-Iranian language





    Happy Summer Sale

    Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
    Copyright @ 2004-2016 fouman.com All Rights Iranian