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    * Muslim dynasties of Iran *

    سلسله های مسلمان ایران


    Iranian_Flag_Hand_Love_Heart.jpg
    (Wikipedia) - Muslim dynasties of Iran

    This is a list of kings of Iran of the medieval Islamic period, AD 820 to 1432, arranged genealogically.

    For the early Islamic period before 820, see:

    For the period after 1506, see

    See also Iranian monarchy (disambiguation).

    Contents

    Tahirid dynasty (820–872) Throne Name Original Name Portrait Title Born-Died Entered office Left office Family Relations Note
    Tahirid dynasty, 821–872
    1 Taher I Emir, Governor-General  ?–822 821 822 son of Hoseyn son of Mos''ab
    2 Talheh Governor-General  ?–828 822 828 son of Taher I
    3 Abdollah Governor-General 798–844 828 844
    4 Taher II Governor-General  ?–862 844 862
    5 Mohammad Governor-General  ?–890 862 872

                              Mos''eb                      
                                                           
                              Husayn                      
                                                               
                                       
              Tahir I 821–822                           Ibrahim      
                                                                 
                           
    Talha 822–828               Abdallah 828–845                 Ishaq      
                                                                     
                                               
          Tahir II 845–862   Muhammad   Ubaydallah   Sulayman   Muhammad   Abdullah  
                                                           
          Muhammad 862–872                                          
    Alavid dynasty (864–928) Hasanids
          Zayd      
                             
               
      Hasan al-Da''i ila''l-Haqq 864–884   Muhammad al-Da''i ila''l-Haqq 884–900    
           
          Hasan al-Da''i ila''l-Haqq 917–919, 919–923, 927–928      

    The Samanids captured Tabaristan, and the Alavids fled to Gilan in exile, 900–913.

    Husaynids
              Ali      
                           
              Muhammad      
                               
               
          Qasim   Muhammad  
                           
          Hasan al-Utrush 914–917          
                               
               
      Ja''far 919, 923–925   Ahmad 919, 923      
                               
               
          Muhammad 925–927   Husayn 927, 929  
    Saffarid dynasty (861–1003) Throne Name Original Name Portrait Title Born-Died Entered office Left office Family Relations Note
    Saffarid dynasty, 861–1002
    1 Ya''qub Emir, Great Founder 840–879 872 879 son of Leyth
    2 Amr I Emir  ?–901 870 901 brother of Ya''qub
    3 Tahir I Emir 883–908 901 908
    4 Laith Emir  ?–928 908 910
    5 Mohammad Emir  ?–? 910 911
    6 Ahmad Emir, Governor-General 906–963 923 963
    7 Khalaf I Emir 937–1009 963 1002

                Laith                      
                                                 
                                         
    Ya''qub 867–879   Taher     Ali       Amr 879–901    
                                                   
               
                  Layth 908–910   Muhammad 910–912   Muhammad    
                                                   
               
                  Khalaf       Tâhir 901–908   Ya`qûb
                                               
                  Muhammad               `Amr 912–913
                                             
                  Ahmad 922–963                    
                                             
                  Khalaf 963–1003                    
    Samanid dynasty (819–999) Throne Name Original Name Portrait Title Born-Died Entered office Left office Family Relations Note
    Samanid dynasty, 819–1005
    1 Ahmad I  ?–864/5 819 864/5
    2 Nasr I  ?–892 864/5 892
    3 Isma''il I Adel  ?–907 892 907
    4 Ahmad II Shaheed  ?–914 907 914
    5 Nasr II Saeed  ?–943 914 942
    6 Nuh I Hamid  ?–954 942 954
    7 ''Abd al-Malik I Rashid  ?–? 954 961
    8 Mansur I Mo''ayyed  ?–976 961 976
    9 Nuh II Radhi  ? –997 976 996
    10 Mansur II Abol Hareth  ?–999 996 999
    11 ''Abd al-Malik II Abol Favares  ?–? 999 999
    12 Isma''il II Montaser  ?–1005 1000 1005

                  Saman Khuda              
                                       
                  Asad              
                                           
                                   
      Nuh   Ahmad I   Yahya 819–855   Ilyas  
                                           
               
          Nasr I 864–892   Isma''il I 892–907              
                                       
                  Ahmad II 907–914              
                                       
                  Nasr II 914–943              
                                       
                  Nuh I 943–954              
                                           
               
              ''Abd al-Malik I 954–961   Mansur I 961–976          
                                       
                      Nuh II 976–997          
                                           
                         
              Mansur II 997–999   ''Abd al-Malik II 999)   Isma''il II al-Muntasir  
    Ziyarid dynasty (928–1043) Throne Name Original Name Portrait Title Born-Died Entered office Left office Family Relations Note
    Ziyarid dynasty, 928–1043 AD
    1 Mardavij Abolhajjaj, Emir  ?–934 928 934 son of Ziyar
    2 Voshmgir Abutaher  ?–967 934 967 son of Ziyar
    3 Bisotoon Zahir od-Dowleh  ?–976 967– 976 son of Voshmgir
    4 Qabus Shams ol-Ma''ali, Abolhasan 976 1012 son of Voshmgir
    5 Manuchehr Falak ol-Ma''ali 1012 1031 son of Qabus
    6 Anushiravan Sharaf ol-Ma''ali 1031 1043 son of Manuchehr
    7 Keykavous Onsor ol-Ma''ali son of Eskandar son of Qabus
    8 Gilanshah son of Keykavous

            Vardanshah                    
                                       
            Ziyar                    
                                           
                   
      Mardavij 930-935       Vushmgir 935-967              
                                             
               
      Farhad   Bisutun 967-977   Qabus 977-1012          
                                           
                         
              Manuchihr 1012-1031   Dara   Iskandar  
                                         
              Anushirvan 1030-1050           Keikavus 1050-1087  
                                       
                              Gilanshah 1087-1090  
    Buyid dynasty (934–1062) Throne Name Original Name Portrait Title Born-Died Entered office Left office Family Relations Note
    Buyids of Fars (933–1062)
    Imad al-Dawla Abu''l-Hasan Ali Emir, Amir al-umara 891 – 949 934 949 Son of Buya Also Senior Buyid Emir (934-949)
    Adud al-Dawla Fanna Khusraw Emir, Shahanshah 936–983 949 983 Son of Rukn al-Dawla and nephew of Imad al-Dawla Senior Buyid Emir (976-983) and Emir of Iraq (978-983)
    Sharaf al-Dawla Abu''l-Fawaris Shirdil Emir, Amir al-umara 962–989 983 989 Son of Adud al-Dawla Also Senior Buyid Emir and Emir of Iraq (987-989)
    Samsam al-Dawla Abu Kalijar Marzuban Emir, King 964–998 989 998 son of Adud al-Dawla Also Emir of Iraq and self-proclaimed Senior Buyid Emir (983-986)
    Baha'' al-Dawla Abu Nasr Firuz Emir, King, Shahanshah 971–1012 998 1012 Son of Adud al-Dawla Also Emir of Iraq (988-1012) and Senior Buyid Emir (997-1012)
    Sultan al-Dawla Abu Shuja Emir 992–1024 1012 1024 Son of Baha'' al-Dawla Also Emir of Iraq and Senior Buyid Emir (1012-1021)
    Abu Kalijar Marzuban Emir, Shahanshah  ?1011 – 1048 1024 1048 Son of Sultan al-Dawla Also Emir of Kerman (1028-1048), Senior Buyid Emir (1037-1048) and Emir of Iraq (1044-1048)
    Abu Mansur Fulad Sutun Emir  ?–1062 1048 1054 Son of Abu Kalijar Lost Fars to Abu Sa''d Khusrau Shah
    Abu Sa''d Khusrau Shah Emir  ?–? 1051 1054 Son of Abu Kalijar Lost Fars to Abu Mansur Fulad Sutun
    Abu Mansur Fulad Sutun Emir  ?–1062 1054 1062 Son of Abu Kalijar Killed by the Shabankara tribal chief Fadluya
    Buyids of Rey, Isfahan, and Hamadan (935–1038)
    Rukn al-Dawla Abu Ali Hasan Emir, Amir al-umara 898–976 935 976 Son of Buya Also Senior Buyid Emir (949-976)
    Fakhr al-Dawla (First reign) Abu''l-Hasan Ali Emir 952–997 976 980 Son of Rukn al-Dawla
    Mu''ayyad al-Dawla Abu Mansur Emir 941–983 976 983 Son of Rukn al-Dawla Also Emir of Hamadan (976–983), Jibal (977–983), Tabaristan (980–983), and Gorgan (981–983)
    Fakhr al-Dawla (Second reign) Abu''l-Hasan Ali Emir, King, Shahanshah 983–997 976 997 Son of Rukn al-Dawla Also Emir of Hamadan & Tabaristan (984-997) and Senior Buyid Emir (991-997)
    Majd al-Dawla Abu Taleb Rostam Emir 993–1029 997 1029 Son of Fakhr al-Dawla Only in Rey, briefly self-proclaimed Senior Buyid Emir
    Shams al-Dawla Abu Taher Emir  ?–1021 997 1021 Son of Fakhr al-Dawla Only in Isfahan and Hamaedan, briefly self-proclaimed Senior Buyid Emir
    Sama'' al-Dawla Abu''l-Hasan Ali Emir  ?–1023 1021 1023 Son of Shams al-Dawla Only in Hamadan, Deposed by Kakuyids
    Buyids of Iraq and Khuzistan (945–1055)
    Mu''izz al-Dawla Abu''l-Husayn Ahmad Emir, Amir al-umara 915–966 945 966 Son of Buya
    Izz al-Dawla Abu Mansur Bakhtiyar Emir, Amir al-umara 943–979 966 979 Son of Mu''izz al-Dawla Self-proclaimed Senior Buyid Emir (976-978)
    Adud al-Dawla Fanna Khusraw Emir, Shahanshah 937–983 977 983 Son of Rukn al-Dawla Also Emir of Fars (949-983) and Senior Buyid Emir (976-983)
    Samsam al-Dawla Abu Kalijar Marzban Emir, King 964–998 983 987 Son of Adud al-Dawla Also self-proclaimed Senior Buyid Emir (983-986) and Emir of Fars & Kerman (989-998)
    Sharaf al-Dawla Abu''l-Fawaris Shirdil Emir, Amir al-umara 962–989 987 989 Son of Adud al-Dawla Also Emir of Fars (983-989) and Senior Buyid Emir (987-989)
    Baha'' al-Dawla Abu Nasr Firuz Emir 970–1012 989 1012 Son of Adud al-Dawla Also Senior Buyid Emir (997-1012) and Emir of Fars (999-1012)
    Sultan al-Dawla Abu Shuja Emir 992–1024 1012 1021 Son of Baha'' al-Dawla Also Senior Buyid Emir (1012-1021) and Emir of Fars (1012-1024)
    Musharrif al-Dawla Abu ''Ali Emir, Shahanshah, King 1002–1025 1021 1025 Son of Baha'' al-Dawla Closest thing to Senior Buyid Emir (1024-1025)
    Jalal al-Dawla Abu Tahir Jalal al-Dawla Emir 994–1043 1027 1043 Son of Baha'' al-Dawla
    Abu Kalijar Marzuban Emir, Shahanshah  ?1011 – 1048 1043 1048 Son of Sultan al-Dawla Also Emir of Fars (1024-1048), Emir of Kerman (1028-1048) and Senior Buyid Emir (1037-1048)
    Al-Malik al-Rahim Abu Nasr Khusrau Firuz Emir  ?–1058 1048 1055 Son of Abu Kalijar Also Senior Buyid Emir (1051-1055). Deposed by Tughril of the Seljuqs

                                                       
                                           
          Imad al-Dawla 934–949             Rukn al-Dawla 935–976           Mu''izz al-Dawla 945–967  
                                                       
                                                           
                         
                      Fakhr al-Dawla 976–997   ''Adud al-Dawla 949–983   Mu''ayyad al-Dawla 980–983   Izz al-Dawla 967–978  
                     
                                                         
                                                               
                         
    Shams al-Dawla 997–1021   Majd al-Dawla 997–1029   Sharaf al-Dawla 983–989   Samsam al-Dawla 983–998   Baha'' al-Dawla 998–1012          
                                                                 
                                   
    Sama'' al-Dawla 1021–1024   Fana-Khusrau           Qawam al-Dawla 1012–1028   Sultan al-Dawla 1012–1024   Musharrif al-Dawla 1021–1025   Jalal al-Dawla 1027–1044    
                                                           
                                    Abu Kalijar 1024–1048           Al-Malik al-Aziz        
                                                           
                                                                           
                                                       
                        Abu Ali Fana-Khusrau   Abu Mansur Fulad Sutun 1048–1062   Al-Malik al-Rahim 1048–1055   Kamrava   Abu''l-Muzaffar Bahram   Abu Sa''d Khusrau Shah  
                                                                 
                                        Abu''l-Ghana''im al-Marzuban   Surkhab        
    Ghaznavids (963–1187) Throne Name Original Name Portrait Title Born-Died Entered office Left office Family Relations Note
    Ghaznavid dynasty, 955–1186 AD
    1 Alptigin Emir 880–963 955 963
    2 Eshaq Emir  ?–966 963 966 son of Alptigin
    3 Belkatigin Emir  ?–972 966 972
    4 Piritigin Emir  ?–976 972 976 Killed
    5 Sabuktigin Naser od-Din, Abumansur, Emir 942–997 976 997 son of Juq Qarabajkam
    6 Esma''il Emir  ?–? 997 998 son of Sabuktigin Abdicated
    7 Mahmud Yameen od-Dowleh, Abolqasem, Soltan 971–1030 998 1030 son of Sabuktigin
    8 Mohammad I Jalal od-Dowleh, Abuahmad, Soltan 997–1040 1030 1030 son of Mahmud Deposed by Mas''ud I
    9 Mas''ud I Shahab od-Dowleh, Abusa''d, Soltan 997–1040 1030 1040 son of Mahmud
    8 Mohammad I Jalal od-Dowleh, Abuahmad, Soltan 997–1040 1040 1040 son of Mahmud Killed by Mowdud
    10 Mowdud Shahab od-Dowleh, Abolfath, Soltan 1011–1049 1040 1049 son of Mas''ud I
    11 Mas''ud II Soltan  ?–? 1049 1049  ?
    12 Ali Baha'' od-Dowleh, Abolhasan, Soltan  ?–? 1049 1049 son of Mas''ud I
    13 Mohammad II Soltan  ?–? 1049 1049 son of Mowdud
    14 Abd or-Rashid Ezz od-Dowleh, Abumansur, Soltan 1022–1052 1049 1052 son of Mahmud
    15 Toghrel Soltan  ?–1052 1052 1052 Usurper. Killed
    16 Farrokhzad Jamal od-Dowleh, Abushoja'', Soltan 1026–1059 1052 1059 son of Mas''ud I
    17 Ebrahim Zaheer od-Dowleh, Abolmozaffar, Soltan 1026 or 1040–1098 1059 1098 son of Mas''ud I
    18 Mas''ud III Ala'' od-Dowleh, Abusa''id, Soltan 1061–1114 1098 1114 son of Ebrahim
    19 Shirzad Kamal od-Dowleh, Soltan  ?–? 1114 1115 son of Mas''ud III
    20 Arsalan Shah Soltan od-Dowleh, Abolfat''h, Soltan 1083–1117/8 1115 1117/8 son of Mas''ud III
    21 Baharm Shah Yameen od-Dowleh, Abolmozaffar, Soltan  ?–1152 1117/8 1152 son of Mas''ud III
    22 Khosrow Shah Taj od-Dowleh, Abushoja'', Soltan  ?–1160 1152 1160 son of Baharm Shah
    23 Khosrow Malek Saraj od-Dowleh, Abolmolook, Soltan  ?–1193 1160 1186 son of Khosrow Shah

                  Alptigin 963–977                
                                             
                                   
      Ebrahim   Piri   Sebük Tigin 977–997   Belka Tigin    
                                             
               
                  Ismail 997–998   Mahmud 998–1030        
                                             
               
                      Mohammed 1st, 1030–1031 2nd, 1041   Mass''ud I 1031–1041    
                                         
                              Maw''dud 1041–1050    

    Great Seljuq Empire, 1037–1194 Throne Name Original Name Portrait Title Born-Died Entered office Left office Family Relations Note
    Seljuq Empire, 1029–1194
    1 Toğrül I Mohammad Rukn od-Din, Abutaleb, Beg, Sultan 995–1063 1029 1063 son of Mikayil son of Seljuq
    2 Alp Arslan Mohammad Azad od-Dowleh, Abushoja'', Sultan 1029–1072 1064 1072 son of Chaghri Beg Dawud brother of Toğrül I killed by a captured soldier
    3 Malik Shah I Hasan Jalal od-Dowleh, Abolfat''h, Sultan 1055–1092 1072 1092 son of Alp Arslan killed by assassins
    4 Mahmud I Nasir od-Din, abolqasem, Sultan 1086–1094 1092 1094 son of Malik Shah I
    5 Barkiyaruq Mohammad Rukn od-Din, Abolmozaffar, Sultan 1080–1105 1094 1105 son of Malik Shah I
    6 Malik Shah II Mu''izz od-Din, Abolfat''h, Sultan 1101–? 1105 1105 son of Barkiyaruq deposed & blinded by Mohammad I
    7 Mohammad I Tapar Ghiyath od-Din, Abushoja'', Sultan 1082–1118 1105 1118 son of Malik Shah I
    8 Sanjar Ahmad Mu''izz od-Din, Abolhareth, Sultan 1087–1157 1097 1157 son of Malik Shah I
    9 Mahmud II Moghith od-Din, Sultan 1104–1131 1118 1131 son of Mohammad I
    10 Dawud Moghith od-Din, Abolfat''h, Sultan  ?–1132 1131 1132 son of Mahmud II
    11 Toğrül II Rukn od-Din, Abutaleb, Sultan 1109–1134 1132 1134 son of Mohammad I
    12 Mas''ud Ghiath od-Din, Abolfat''h, Sultan 1109–1152 1134 1152 son of Mohammad I
    13 Malik Shah III Moghith od-Din, Sultan 1128–1160 1152 1153 son of Mahmud II
    14 Mohammad II Ghith od-Din, Abushoja'', Sultan 1128–1160 1153 1160 son of Mahmud II
    15 Süleyman Shah Mu''izz od-Din, Abolhareth, Sultan 1118–1162 1160 1161 son of Mohammad I deposed
    16 Arsalan Rukn od-Din, Sultan 1134–1176 1161 1176 son of Toğrül II
    17 Toğrül III Rukn od-Din, Abutaleb, Sultan  ?–1194 1176 1194 son of Arsalan killed
    Khwārazm-Shāh dynasty (1077–1231) Throne Name Original Name Portrait Title Born-Died Entered office Left office Family Relations Note
    Khwārazm-Shāh Empire, 1153–1231
    1 Atsiz Ala'' od-Din, Abolmozaffar, Sultan  ?–1156 1153 1156 son of Muhammad I of Khwarazm Ruling in Khwārazm from 1127
    2 Il-Arslan Taj od-Din, Abolfat''h, Sultan  ?–1171 1156 1172 son of Atsiz
    3 Soltanshah Mahmud Jalal od-Din, Abolqasem, Sultan  ?–1172 1172 1193 son of Il-Arslan
    4 Tekish Ala'' od-Din, Abolmozaffar, Sultan  ?–1199 1172 1200 son of Il-Arslan
    5 Mohammad Ala'' od-Din, Qotb od-Din, Abolfat''h, Sultan  ?–1221 1200 1221 son of Tekish
    6 Mingburnu Jalal od-Din, Sultan  ?–1231 1220 1231 son of Mohammad II Killed

    Anushtiginids

                  Anush Tigin 1077–1097              
                                       
                  Muhammad I 1097–1127              
                                       
                  Aziz 1127–1156              
                                       
                  Il-Arslan 1156–1172              
                                           
               
              Sultan Shah 1172–1193   Takesh 1172–1200          
                                       
                      Muhammad II 1200–1220          
                                       
                      Jalal al-Din 1220–1231          

    - Mongol invasion of Khwarezmia, 1218–1221

    - Mongol Empire, 1231–1256 - Ilkhanate, 1256–1335

    Chupanids (1335–1357)

                          Chupan                  
                                                       
                                                 
      Hassan   Timurtash       Demasq Kaja   Shaikh Mahmoud   Bagdad Katun  
                                                         
               
          Hassan Kuchak   Malek Ashraf   Delsad Katun                  
    Muzaffarids (1335–1393)

                      Sharaf al-Din Mozaffar                  
                                               
                      Mubariz al-Din Muhammad 1314–1358                  
                                                   
                                             
      Imad al-Din Ahmad 1387–1391   Bayazid   Sharaf al-Din Muzaffar   Shah Shuja 1335–1364 1366–1384   Qutb Al-Din Shah Mahmud 1358–1366  
                                                   
               
              Shah Mansur 1391–1393   Mubariz al-Din Shah Yahya 1387–1391   Mujahid al-Din Zain Al-Abidin ''Ali 1384–1387          
    Jalayirids (1335–1432)

          Husein Gurkan   daughter of Arghun                    
       
                                             
              Hasan Buzurg 1336–1356   Delsad Katun                
       
                                             
                  Uvais I 1356–1374                    
                                                 
                                       
          Alishah   Husain I 1374–1382       Ahmad 1383–1410   Hasan 1374
                                                 
          Shah Valad 1410–1411   Tandura Khatun       Al''a od-Dowleh        
       
                                                   
                         
      Mahmud 1411–1415   Uvais II 1415–1421   Mohammed 1421–1422   Husain II 1424–1432        

    Tags:Abbasid, Abbasid Caliphate, Ak Koyunlu, Ala, Alp Arslan, Ashraf, Azad, Bakhtiyar, Barkiyaruq, Beg, Caliphate, Chaghri, Dara, Farhad, Fars, Ghana, Gilan, Gorgan, Governor, Hamadan, Ilkhanate, Iran, Iranian, Iraq, Isfahan, Islamic, Jibal, Kara Koyunlu, Kerman, Khatun, Khwarazm, Malek, Mardavij, Marzban, Mongol, Muslim, Muslim dynasties of Iran, Muzaffarids, Pahlavi, Qabus, Qajar, Rashidun, Rey, Rostam, Safavid, Saffarid, Samanid, Sanjar, Shah, Shah Yahya, Shahanshah, Shirzad, Sultan, Taher, Tahirid, Timurid, Timurid dynasty, Umayyad, Usurper, Wikipedia, Zand


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