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    * Masjed Soleyman *

    Masjed-e-Soleyman

    مسجد سلیمان ، تُلغُر


    Oil_Well_Masjed_Soleyman_1908.jpg
    The city of Masjed Soleyman is located 1030 km from Tehran is an oil reserve in Khuzestan province. Excavations have revealed pre-historical objects. The legend says that Houshang Pishdadi first discovered fire by hitting two flint stones against each other. Masjed Soleyman is the birthplace of legendary Persian Jish Pish. A great firealtar is located near the city from the Parthian era. It's ancient name in Middle Ages used to be Tolghor which was renamed to Masjed-Soleyman by Majlis approval during Reza Shah's reign. (Wikipedia) - Masjed Soleyman For the administrative subdivision, see Masjed Soleyman County. Masjed Soleyman مسجدسليمان Country Province County Bakhsh Population (2006)  • Total Time zone  • Summer (DST)
    city
    Masjed Soleyman
    Coordinates: 31°56′11″N 49°18′14″E / 31.93639°N 49.30389°E / 31.93639; 49.30389Coordinates: 31°56′11″N 49°18′14″E / 31.93639°N 49.30389°E / 31.93639; 49.30389
     Iran
    Khuzestan
    Masjed Soleyman
    Central
    206,121
    IRST (UTC+3:30)
    IRDT (UTC+4:30)

    Masjed Soleyman (Lurish:مسلیموو, Mas-seleymoo,Persian: مسجدسليمان‎; also Romanized as Masjed Soleymān, Masjed-e Soleymān, Masjed Soleiman, and Masjid-i-Sulaiman) is a city in and the capital of Masjed Soleyman County, Khuzestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 206,121, in 51,530 families. Masjed Soleiman is a historical city which is located among the Zagros Mountains

    Contents
    • 1 Geography
    • 2 Main sights
    • 3 History
      • 3.1 Ancient history and etymology
      • 3.2 Contemporary history
    • 4 Notable people
    • 5 References

    Geography

    Masjed Soleyman was inhabited by various clans of Bakhtiari tribes but oil exploration in this area attracted other people from other parts of Bakhtiari zones to this city for trade or jobs.

    Main sights

    Masjed Soleiman''s most interesting parish is Tembi, and historical and ancient site is Sarmasjed Temple in the northeast. Sarmasjed temple is on the verge of Sarmasjed terrace, in ancient time fire had been continuously flaming inside it. And according to historians was the capital of Achaemenian Reign. Among other Masjed Soleiman ancient relics, we can suggest the ancient Temple of Bard-e-Neshande.

    History Ancient history and etymology

    According to historical scripts, In elamite empire the name of masjed soleyman was Assak and after following the Persian invasion this name change to parsomash. They founded the city of Parsumash in memory of their motherland near the city of Anshan which is the fatherland of Pasargadae and Persepolis.

    A French archaeological expedition under the supervision of Prof. Roman Ghirshman made some important discoveries. Ghirshman believes Parsomash (present-day Masjed Soleyman) was the oldest capital of the Achaemenian Kingdom.

    Contemporary history

    Masjed Soleyman''s importance today is in oil exploration. William Knox D''Arcy, by contract with King Mozaffaroddin Qajar, obtained permission to explore for oil for the first time in the Middle East, near this city. This event changed the history of Iran and the Middle East. The oil discovery led to petrochemical industry development and also the establishment of industries that strongly depended on oil.

    Notable people
    • Mohsen Rezaee (1954–), Iranian politician, economist and former military commander
    • Frank Nezhadpournia (1971–), Iranian, Karate Master, Author, Pilot
    • Mehran Karimi Nasseri (1942–), Iranian refugee who lived in the departure lounge of Terminal One in Charles de Gaulle Airport from 26 August 1988 until July 2006

    Tags:Anshan, Bakhtiari, French, Geography, Ghirshman, Houshang, Iran, Iranian, Karate, Khuzestan, Khuzestan Province, Majlis, Masjed Soleyman, Masjed-Soleyman, Mehran, Middle Ages, Middle East, Parthian, Pasargadae, Persepolis, Persian, Qajar, Reza Shah, Roman, Roman Ghirshman, Shah, Tehran, Wikipedia, Zagros, Zagros Mountains


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