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    (Wikipedia) - Korean Peninsula "Hanbando" redirects here. For the 2006 film, see Hanbando (film). Main article: Korea
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    Countries Borders on Highest point Lowest point Length Area Population Density
    Korean Peninsula
    Chosŏn Pando (Korean: 조선반도; Hanja: 朝鮮半島; in North Korea, Japan and China), Han Bando (Korean: 한반도; Hanja: 韓半島; in South Korea)
    Peninsulas of Asia
    The Korean Peninsula shown in Dark Green
    North Korea, South Korea
    China, Russia, Sea of Japan (East Sea), East China Sea, Yellow Sea, Korea Strait
    Paektu Mountain
     - elevation 2,744 m (9,003 ft)
    sea level
    1,100 km (684 mi), north to south
    220,847 km2 (85,270 sq mi)
    74,461,933 (2012)
    337 / km2 (873 / sq mi)
    This article contains Korean text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Hangul and hanja.

    The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula in East Asia. It extends southwards for about 684 miles (1,100 km) from continental Asia into the Pacific Ocean and is surrounded by the Sea of Japan (East Sea) to the east, and the Yellow Sea to the west, the Korea Strait connecting the first two bodies of water.

    Contents
    • 1 History
    • 2 Summarized comparison of the two states on the Korean Peninsula
    • 3 See also
    • 4 References
    • 5 Further reading
    • 6 External links

    History

    Until the end of World War II, Korea was a single political entity whose territory roughly coincided with the Korean Peninsula. Since the Armistice Agreement ended the Korean War in 1953, the northern division of the peninsula has been governed by the Democratic People''s Republic of Korea, while the southern portion has been governed by the Republic of Korea.

    The northern boundaries for the Korean Peninsula are commonly (and tacitly) taken to coincide with today''s political borders between North Korea and its northern neighbors, China (1,416 km (880 mi) along the provinces of Jilin and Liaoning) and Russia (19 km (12 mi)). These borders are formed naturally by the rivers Yalu/Amnok and Tumen/Tuman/Duman. Taking this definition, the Korean Peninsula (including its islands) has an area of 220,847 km2 (85,270 sq mi).

    The peninsula is called Chosŏn Pando (Korean: 조선반도; Hanja: 朝鮮半島) in North Korea and Japan, and Han Bando (Korean: 한반도; Hanja: 韓半島) in South Korea based on the respective names of the two countries. They both use "Korea" as part of their official English names, which is a name that comes from the Goryeo (or Koryŏ) dynasty (Korean: 고려; Hanja: 高麗; 918–1392). The Korean Peninsula is sometimes referred to in older English historical books as the Sino-Russian Peninsula or Silla/Sila.

    Summarized comparison of the two states on the Korean Peninsula Indicator North Korea South Korea
    Capital Pyongyang Seoul
    Official languages Korean Korean
    Official scripts Chosŏn''gŭl Hangul
    Government Hereditary single-party socialist state Constitutional liberal democracy
    Formal declaration 9 September 1948 17 July 1948
    Area (km²) 120,540 100,210
    Population (2014/2013 est.) 24,851,627 50,219,669
    GDP total (billion $, 2011/2014 est.) 40 1755
    GDP/capita (thousand $, 2011/2014 est.) 1.8 34.777
    Currency North Korean won (₩) (KPW) South Korean won (₩) (KRW)
    Calling code +850 +82
    Internet TLD .kp .kr
    Drives on the right right
    Active military personnel 1,106,000 639,000
    Military expenditure (billion $, 2010/2012) 10 30

    Tags:Asia, Capital, China, East China Sea, GDP, Google, Internet, Japan, Korea, Korean Peninsula, North Korea, North Korean, Pacific, Pacific Ocean, Pyongyang, Russia, Russian, Seoul, South Korea, South Korean, Wikipedia, World War II


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