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مرکز تحقیقات باستان شناسی ایران


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(Wikipedia) - The Iranian Center for Archaeological Research is the chief research center for recovery, protection, preservation, and introduction of archaeological and historical remains in Iran. Iranian Center for Archaeological Research New archaeological excavations by Iranian archaeologist S. Malek at SialkAn Iron Age grave excavated by Nobari in Tabriz, Tabriz museumThe Iranian Center for Archaeological Research is the chief research center for recovery, protection, preservation, and introduction of archaeological and historical remains in Iran. History On 30 January 1985 the Iranian Cultural Heritage Organization (ICHO) was formed by the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran by incorporating the Iranian Center for Archaeological Research, Center for Traditional Crafts, Center and Museum of Ethnography, Office for Historical Remains,Iran Bastan Museum, Office for Protection of the Cultural Heritage of the Provinces, Office of the Museums, Office of Historical Structures, Office of Palaces, National Center for Protection of Iranian Antiquities, and Office of the Golestan Palace Endowments. On 22 April 1988, the Majles ratified the constitution of the ICHO. The ICHO, initially working under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture and Higher Education and later under the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance, was entrusted with extensive responsibilities over recovery, protection, preservation, and introduction of archaeological and historical remains in its broadest sense. In order to achieve this, the ICHO originally consisted of four deputies: Deputy for Research,supervising Offices for Archaeological, Ethnographic, Folk Arts, and Epigraphic Research; Deputy for Protection and Preservation of Archaeological and Historical Remains; Deputy for Introduction and Education; and Deputy for Administration and Finance.An Iranian archaeologist while excavating an ancient graveIn September 1996, the ICHO was transformed into a research institute. The former Offices in the Deputy for Research were transformed into five distinct research centers: Center for Archaeological Research, Center for Research on Languages and Dialects, Center for Ethnographic Research, Center for Architecture and Cultural-Historical Monuments, and Center for Conservation Research. The ICHO now functions under the supervision of the Council of Research, consisting of the Director of ICHO, the Deputy for Research, Directors of Research Centers, and three to five established scholars from universities or other research institutes. In the Summer of 1997, the Center for Archaeological Research developed three departments to design, organize, and undertake research on prehistoric, historic, and Islamic periods. The foundation of the ICHO in 1985 marks the beginning of a new era in archaeological activities in Iran. Shortly after its foundation, the ICHO established offices in centers of all provinces, with subsidiary offices in major towns. Registration of archaeological and historical sites gained momentum, and guards, operating from provincial and regional offices, were assigned to protect archaeological sites. Moreover, local societies were formed in rural areas for protection of archaeological and historical sites. Clandestine excavations and looting of archaeological and historical sites, which had become an ordinary activity in remote areas in the early years after the revolution, were widely prevented, antiquities dealing was outlawed, and in 1990 the Government launched a massive crackdown against illegal diggers and antiquities dealers. Antiquities stores were closed, hundreds were ar

Tags:Golestan, Iran, Iranian, Iranian Cultural Heritage, Iranian Cultural Heritage Organization, Islamic, Islamic Republic, Islamic Republic of Iran, Malek, Tabriz, Wikipedia




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