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    * Hossein Tehrani *

    حسین تهرانی

    (Wikipedia) - Hossein Tehrani Hossein Tehrani Background information Born Origin Died Genres Occupations Notable instruments
    Hossein Tehrani
    Tehran, Iran
    February 25, 1974(1974-02-25) (aged 62)
    Persian music
    Professional musician, Instructor

    Hossein Tehrāni (1912 – February 25, 1974) (Persian: حسین تهرانی‎), was an Iranian musician and tonbak player. He is regarded as the father of the modern tonbak.

    • 1 Early life
    • 2 Musical education
    • 3 Music career
      • 3.1 Tutoring career
    • 4 Literary work
    • 5 Resting place
    • 6 Famous students
    • 7 References
    • 8 External links

    Early life

    He was born in Tehran, Iran. At an early age he was going to Zurkhaneh -زورخانه (an Iranian gymnasium) and was impressed by the big clay vase covered on open bottom with skin called Zarb- ضربZurkhaneh. At age if 13 Hossein found a similar type of Zarb Zurkhaneh in a smaller size which was called tonbakتنبك and began practicing by himself.

    Musical education

    In 1928 Hossein Tehrani became interested in studying music professionally, and took private lessons from music master and kamanchehكمانچه player Hossein Khan Esmail-Zadeh. Hossein was keen to observe different tonbak playing styles so he attended the music classes of master tonbak players such as Reza Ravanbakhsh and Kangarlo. He wanted to learn more about Iranian traditional music, and therefore formed a relationship with the great music master and multi-instrumentalist Abolhasan Saba, from whom he learnt music theory and different aspects of Iranian traditional music.

    Music careerat Shiraz Arts Festival with Faramarz Payvar & Jalil Shahnaz

    In 1940 the first radio station was established in Tehran and Hossein Tehrani was an active tonbak player accompanying musicians while performing live music programmes. He was a permanent member of the National Music Ensemble and National Music association. Hossein Tehrani formed and organized a tonbak players ensemble with seven members and performed several pieces with his group for the first time at the Shiraz Arts Festival- (جشن هنر شیراز) the group performed several concerts in Talar Vahadat, formerly Talar Roudaki.

    While playing the Tonbak Hossein could imitate the sound of a locomotive and a motorcycle to astonish his listeners.

    Tutoring career

    Hossein Tehrani was a tonbak instructor at the Madrese Aali Mosiqi- مدرسه عالی موسیقی (Music College) and National Music college of Tehran. Hossein innovated a rhythm technique, which involved the tonbak being played in harmony with the saying of Persian phrases such as ''Baleh vo Baleh, Baleh Digeh and Yek Sado bisto Panj.

    Literary work

    Hossein wrote a book titled Amouzesh Tonbak-ٱموزش تنبك about the style and practice of the tonbak.

    Resting place

    Hossein Tehrani is buried in the Zahir od-Dowleh cemetery, Darband, Shemiran, Tehran.

    Famous students
    • Siamak Pouian
    • Mohammad Esmaili

    Tags:Darband, Faramarz Payvar, Hossein Khan, Hossein Tehrani, Iran, Iranian, Khan, Persian, Saba, Shahnaz, Shemiran, Shiraz, Shiraz Arts Festival, Tehran, Tehrani, Wikipedia

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