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    * Cyrus Vance *

    سایروس ونس


    Iranian_Flag_Hand_Love_Heart.jpg
    Vance, Cyrus (Roberts) born March 27, 1917, Clarksburg, W.Va., U.S. and died Jan. 12, 2002, New York, N.Y.U.S. public official.After receiving his law degree from Yale University in 1942, he enlisted in the navy and served until 1946, when he joined a law firm in New York City. He was appointed general counsel for the U.S. Department of Defense in 1960. In 1962 he became secretary of the army, and in 1963 President Lyndon B. Johnson named him deputy secretary of defense. Initially a vigorous supporter of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, his viewed changed after his resignation in 1967, and by 1968 he was urging Johnson to stop the bombing of North Vietnam. In that year he was sent to Paris with W. Averell Harriman to negotiate peace with the North Vietnamese. As secretary of state (1977-80) under Pres. Jimmy Carter, he worked to obtain the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks II (SALT II) arms-control treaty and was instrumental in the Camp David accords. He resigned in 1980 in protest of Carter's plan to send a secret military mission to rescue American hostages held in Tehran. (Wikipedia) - Cyrus Vance For the Manhattan District Attorney and his son, see Cyrus Vance, Jr.. Cyrus Vance 57th United States Secretary of State President Deputy Preceded by Succeeded by 7th United States Secretary of the Army President Preceded by Succeeded by 11th United States Deputy Secretary of Defense President Preceded by Succeeded by Personal details Born Died Resting place Political party Spouse(s) Children Alma mater Profession Signature Military service Service/branch Years of service Rank Unit Battles/wars
    In office January 20, 1977 – April 28, 1980
    Jimmy Carter
    Warren Christopher
    Henry A. Kissinger
    Edmund S. Muskie
    In office July 5, 1962 – January 21, 1964
    John F. Kennedy Lyndon B. Johnson
    Elvis Jacob Stahr, Jr.
    Stephen Ailes
    In office January 28, 1964 – June 30, 1967
    Lyndon B. Johnson
    Roswell Gilpatric
    Paul H. Nitze
    Cyrus Roberts Vance (1917-03-27)March 27, 1917 Clarksburg, West Virginia, U.S.
    January 12, 2002(2002-01-12) (aged 84) Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York City, New York, U.S.
    Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington County, Virginia 38°52′37″N 77°04′15″W / 38.876806°N 77.070795°W / 38.876806; -77.070795Coordinates: 38°52′37″N 77°04′15″W / 38.876806°N 77.070795°W / 38.876806; -77.070795
    Democratic
    Grace Elsie "Gay" Sloane
    Elsie Nicoll Vance Amy Sloane Vance Camilla Roberts Vance Grace Vance Holmes Cyrus Roberts Vance, Jr.
    Yale University (B.A, J.D)
    Lawyer
    United States Navy
    1942–1946
    Lieutenant
    USS Hale (DD-642)
    World War II

    Cyrus Roberts Vance (March 27, 1917 – January 12, 2002) was an American lawyer and United States Secretary of State under President Jimmy Carter from 1977 to 1980. Prior to that position he was the Secretary of the Army and the Deputy Secretary of Defense.

    As Secretary of State, Vance approached foreign policy with an emphasis on negotiation over conflict and a special interest in arms reduction. In April 1980, Vance resigned in protest of Operation Eagle Claw, the secret mission to rescue American hostages in Iran. He was succeeded in the position by Edmund Muskie.

    Vance was the cousin (and adoptive son) of 1924 Democratic presidential candidate and lawyer John W. Davis. He is the father of Manhattan District Attorney Cyrus Vance, Jr.

    Contents
    • 1 Early life and family
    • 2 Political career
    • 3 Later career in law and as Special Envoy
    • 4 Later life and death
    • 5 Legacy
    • 6 See also
    • 7 References
    • 8 External links

    Early life and family

    Vance was born on March 27, 1917 in Clarksburg, West Virginia. His father, John Carl Vance, died of pneumonia in 1922. He had an older brother. His father was an insurance broker and landowner who worked in a government agency during World War I. His mother was Amy Roberts Vance, who had a prominent family history in Philadelphia, and she was active in civic affairs.

    He graduated from Kent School in 1935 and earned a bachelor''s degree in 1939 from Yale University, where he was a member of the secret society Scroll and Key. He also earned three varsity letters in ice hockey at Yale. He graduated from Yale Law School in 1942.

    Vance entered the US military during World War II, serving in the Navy as a gunnery officer on the destroyer USS Hale (DD-642) until 1946. Upon returning to civilian life he joined the law firm Simpson Thacher & Bartlett in New York City, and later entered government services.

    At the age of 29, Vance married Grace Elsie "Gay" Sloane on February 15, 1947. She was a Bryn Mawr graduate and was the daughter of the board chairman of the W. & J. Sloane furniture company in New York City. They had five children:

    • Elsie Nicoll Vance
    • Amy Sloane Vance
    • Grace Roberts Vance
    • Camilla Vance Holmes
    • Cyrus R. Vance, Jr.
    Political career

    Vance was general counsel of the Defense Department and then the Secretary of the Army during the John F. Kennedy administration. He was Secretary when Army units were sent to northern Mississippi in 1962 to protect James Meredith and ensure that the court-ordered integration of the University of Mississippi took place.

    As Deputy Secretary of Defense under President Lyndon Johnson, he first supported the Vietnam War but by the late 1960s changed his views and resigned from office, advising the President to pull out of South Vietnam. In 1968 he served as a delegate to peace talks in Paris. He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969. He was a professor at Georgetown University afterwards.

    Secretary of State Vance talks with President Carter on the White House lawn in March 1977

    As Secretary of State in the Jimmy Carter administration, Vance pushed for negotiations and economic ties with the Soviet Union, and clashed frequently with the more hawkish National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski. Vance tried to advance arms limitations by working on the SALT II agreement with the Soviet Union, which he saw as the central diplomatic issue of the time. He was heavily instrumental in Carter''s decision to return the Canal Zone to Panama, and in the Camp David Accords agreement between Israel and Egypt.

    After the Camp David Accords, Vance''s influence in the administration began to wane as Brzezinski''s rose. His role in talks with People''s Republic of China was marginalized, and his advice for a response to the Shah of Iran''s collapsing regime was ignored. Shortly thereafter, when 53 American hostages were held in Iran, he worked actively in negotiations but to no avail. Finally, when Carter ordered a secret military rescue—Operation Eagle Claw—Vance resigned in opposition. Vance felt the rescue attempt was too risky, and did not even wait to see its failure before announcing his resignation. The second rescue was planned but never carried out.

    The Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi meeting with Alfred Leroy Atherton, William H. Sullivan, Vance, President Jimmy Carter, and Zbigniew Brzezinski in 1977.

    In 1997, he was made the original honorary chair of the American Iranian Council.

    Later career in law and as Special Envoy

    From 1974 to 1976, Vance served as president of the New York City Bar Association. Vance returned to his law practice at Simpson Thacher & Bartlett in 1980, but was repeatedly called back to public service throughout the 1980s and 1990s, participating in diplomatic missions to Bosnia, Croatia, and South Africa.

    In 1991, he was named Special Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for Croatia and proposed the Vance plan for solution of conflict in Croatia. Authorities of Croatia and Serbia agreed to Vance''s plan, but the leaders of SAO Krajina rejected it, even though it offered Serbs quite a large degree of autonomy by the rest of the world''s standards, as it did not include full independence for Krajina. He continued his work as member of Zagreb 4 group. The plan they drafted, named Z-4, was effectively superseded when Croatian forces retook the Krajina region (Operation Storm) in 1995.

    In January 1993, as the United Nations Special Envoy to Bosnia, Vance and Lord David Owen, the EU representative, began negotiating a peace plan for the ending the War in Bosnia. The plan was rejected, and Vance announced his resignation as Special Envoy to the UN Secretary-General. He was replaced by Norwegian Foreign Minister Thorvald Stoltenberg.

    Later life and death

    In 1993, Vance was awarded the United States Military Academy''s Sylvanus Thayer Award. In 1995 he again acted as Special Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations and signed the interim accord as witness in the negotiations between the Republic of Macedonia and Greece. Vance was a member of the Trilateral Commission.

    Vance died at the Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City on January 12, 2002, at the age of 84, after a long battle with pneumonia, and the complication from Alzheimer''s disease. He was interred at the Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia. Grace S. Vance died in New York City also there on March 22, 2008, at the age of 89.

    Legacy

    In 1980, Vance received the U.S. Senator John Heinz Award for Greatest Public Service by an Elected or Appointed Official, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.

    The house of Vance''s mother, which was known as the Stealey-Goff-Vance House, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. It is home to the Harrison County Historical Society.

    In the 2012 movie Argo, Vance was portrayed by actor Bob Gunton.

    Tags:1968, Africa, Alzheimer, American, Arlington, Bosnia, Brzezinski, China, Croatia, Croatian, Cyrus, Cyrus Vance, Department of Defense, EU, Egypt, Foreign Minister, Georgetown, Greece, Iran, Iranian, Israel, Jimmy Carter, John F. Kennedy, Kennedy, Kissinger, Lord, Lyndon Johnson, Macedonia, Manhattan, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Nations, New York, New York City, Norwegian, Operation Eagle, Pahlavi, Panama, Paris, Philadelphia, President, Republic of Macedonia, Reza Pahlavi, Secretary-General, Secretary-General of the United Nations, Serbia, Shah, Shah of Iran, South Africa, Soviet, Soviet Union, Sullivan, Tehran, US, United Nations, United States, Vietnam, Vietnam War, Virginia, W. Averell Harriman, Warren Christopher, White House, Wikipedia, World War I, World War II, Zagreb


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