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    * Bissau *

    بیسائو


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    (Wikipedia) - Bissau This article is about the capital of Guinea-Bissau. For the town in Rajasthan, India, see Bissau, Rajasthan.
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    Bissau Country Region Founded Area  • Total Elevation Population (2010 est.)  • Total  • Density ISO 3166 code
    Downtown Bissau
    Flag Coat of arms
    BissauLocation of Bissau in Guinea-Bissau
    Coordinates: 11°51′N 15°34′W / 11.850°N 15.567°W / 11.850; -15.567Coordinates: 11°51′N 15°34′W / 11.850°N 15.567°W / 11.850; -15.567
     Guinea-Bissau
    Bissau Autonomous Sector
    1687
    77.5 km2 (29.9 sq mi)
    0 m (0 ft)
    395,954
    5,100/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
    GW-BS

    Bissau is the capital city of Guinea-Bissau. The city''s borders are the same as the Bissau Autonomous Sector. In 2007, the city had an estimated population of 407,424 according to the Instituto Nacional de Estatística e Censos. The city which is located on the Geba River estuary, off the Atlantic Ocean, is the country''s largest city, major port, and its administrative and military centre.

    Contents

    History

    The city was founded in 1687 by Portugal as a fortified port and trading center. In 1942 it became the capital of Portuguese Guinea. After the declaration of independence by the anti-colonial guerrillas of PAIGC, in 1973, the capital of the de facto independent territories was declared to be Madina do Boe, but Bissau remained as the capital of the Portuguese-occupied regions, and the de jure capital of all of Portuguese Guinea. When Portugal recognized the independence of Guinea-Bissau and decolonised in 1974 due to the military coup of April 25 in Lisbon, the two territories merged and Bissau became the capital of the new independent state. The city is known for its annual carnival.

    The city, as the seat of government, was the scene of intense fighting during the beginning and end of the Guinea-Bissau Civil War in 1998 and 1999.

    Geography and climate

    Bissau is located at 11°52'' North, 15°36'' West (11.86667, -15.60) , on the Geba River estuary, off the Atlantic Ocean. The land surrounding Bissau is extremely low-lying, and the river is accessible to ocean-going vessels despite its modest discharge for about 80 kilometres (50 mi) beyond the city.

    Bissau has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw), not quite wet enough to qualify as a tropical monsoon climate (Am) but much wetter than most climates of its type. Almost no rain falls from November to May, but during the remaining five months of the year the city receives around 2,020 millimetres (80 in) of rain, as compared to 3,784 millimetres (149.0 in) in Conakry and 1,296 millimetres (51.0 in) in Banjul to the north. During the wet season and even during the three months beforehand, high humidity makes heat discomfort extreme.

    Climate data for Bissau, Guinea-Bissau (1974-1994) Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) Average high °C (°F) Average low °C (°F) Record low °C (°F) Rainfall mm (inches) Mean monthly sunshine hours
    36.7 (98.1) 38.3 (100.9) 38.9 (102) 41.1 (106) 39.4 (102.9) 35.6 (96.1) 33.3 (91.9) 32.8 (91) 33.9 (93) 34.4 (93.9) 35.0 (95) 35.6 (96.1) 41.1 (106)
    31.1 (88) 32.8 (91) 33.9 (93) 33.3 (91.9) 32.8 (91) 31.1 (88) 29.4 (84.9) 30.0 (86) 30.0 (86) 31.1 (88) 31.7 (89.1) 30.6 (87.1) 31.5 (88.7)
    17.8 (64) 18.3 (64.9) 19.4 (66.9) 20.6 (69.1) 22.2 (72) 22.8 (73) 22.8 (73) 22.8 (73) 22.8 (73) 22.8 (73) 22.2 (72) 18.9 (66) 21.1 (70)
    12.2 (54) 13.3 (55.9) 15.6 (60.1) 16.7 (62.1) 17.2 (63) 19.4 (66.9) 19.4 (66.9) 19.4 (66.9) 19.4 (66.9) 20.0 (68) 15.0 (59) 12.8 (55) 12.2 (54)
    0.5 (0.02) 0.8 (0.031) 0.5 (0.02) 0.8 (0.031) 17.3 (0.681) 174.8 (6.882) 472.5 (18.602) 682.5 (26.87) 434.9 (17.122) 194.8 (7.669) 41.4 (1.63) 2.0 (0.079) 2,022.8 (79.638)
    248 226 279 270 248 210 186 155 180 217 240 248 2,707
    Source #1: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial
    Source #2: World Climate Guides (sunshine only)
    DemographicsFrenchculture in Bissau

    The last time an official census was held in the country, in 1991, the city/region had a population of 195,389. However, by 2007, the city had an estimated population of 407,424 according to the Instituto Nacional de Estatística e Censos.

    Economy

    Bissau is the country''s largest city, major port, educational, administrative and military center. Peanuts, hardwoods, copra, palm oil, and rubber are the chief products. The airport that serves Bissau is Osvaldo Vieira International Airport. Poverty and lack of development is widespread.

    Landmarks

    Attractions include the Portuguese-built Fortaleza de São José da Amura barracks from the 18th century, containing Amílcar Cabral''s mausoleum, the Pidjiguiti Memorial to the dockers killed in the Bissau Dockers'' Strike on August 3, 1959, the Guinea-Bissau National Arts Institute, Bissau New Stadium and local beaches. Many buildings in the city were ruined during the Guinea-Bissau Civil War (1998–1999), including the Guinea-Bissau Presidential Palace and the Bissau French Cultural Centre (now rebuilt), and the city centre is still underdeveloped.

    View of Bissau from Geba River 
    Pensão Central''s colonial façade in downtown 
    Ruins of the former presidential palace 
    The road from the airport to the Parliament 
    Central Post Office building 
    A landmark monument in the city center 
    PAIGC''s headquarters 
    Bissau seen from Rio Geba 
    Bissau 
    Amílcar Cabral Bridge 
    International relations

    Tags:Atlantic, Atlantic Ocean, Bissau, Demographics, French, Geography, German, Google, Guinea, ISO, India, Jos, Lisbon, Parliament, Portugal, Portuguese, Post, Wikipedia


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