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بازار


Shiraz_Saray_Moshir_2010.jpg
a market (as in the Middle East) consisting of rows of shops or stalls selling miscellaneous goods (Wikipedia) - Bazaar
This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2014)
For the version control system, see Bazaar (software). For other uses, see Bazaar (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Bizarre.A Moorish Bazaar"Bazaar at Athens", in the Ottoman Empire Edward Dodwell.Women purchasing copper utensils in a bazaar in 19th century India.Mozaffarieh: An alley in Tabriz Bazaar devoted to carpet selling.Grand Bazaar, IstanbulTroopers in the Bazaar in 19th century India.City of Kandahar, its principal bazaar and citadel, taken from the Nakkara KhaunaVakil Bazaar as seen by Jane Dieulafoy in 1881

A bazaar is a market: a permanent enclosed merchandising area, marketplace, or street of shops where goods and services are exchanged or sold. The term originates from the Middle Persian word vāzār;. Souq is another word used in the Middle East for an open-air marketplace or commercial quarter. The term bazaar is sometimes also used to refer to the "network of merchants, bankers, and craftsmen" who work in that area. Although the current meaning of the word is believed to have originated in native Zoroastrian Persia, its use has spread and now has been accepted into the vernacular in countries around the world. The rise of large bazaars and stock trading centers in the Muslim World allowed the creation of new capitals and eventually new empires. New and wealthy cities such as Isfahan, Golconda, Samarkand, Cairo, Baghdad, and Timbuktu were founded along trade routes and bazaars. Street markets and arcades are European and North American equivalents.

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The term

Many languages have names for this concept, including Arabic and Urdu: بازار‎, Kurdish language has the same word bazaar meaning a marketplace. Albanian, Bosnian and Turkish: pazar, Bengali: বাজার,Oriya: ବଜାର ,Bulgarian and Macedonian: пазар, Cypriot Greek: pantopoula, Greek: παζάρι (pazari), Hindi: बाज़ार, Hungarian: vásár (term originates from Persian influence around the 7th-8th century and means a regular market, but special occasion markets also exist, such as Karácsonyi Vásár or "Christmas Market", and bazár or Oriental-style market or shop, the term stemming from Turkish influence around the 16th-17th century), Indonesian and Malay: pasar, Armenian: բազար, Georgian: ბაზარი, Polish: bazar, Russian: базар, Ukrainian: базар and Uzbek: bozor.

In North America, the United Kingdom and some other European countries, the term can be used as a synonym for a "rummage sale", to describe charity fundraising events held by churches or other community organizations in which either donated used goods (such as books, clothes, and household items) or new and handcrafted (or home-baked) goods are sold for low prices, as at a church or other organisation''s Christmas bazaar, for example.

Examples Australia Afghanistan Azerbaijan Bangladesh Bosnia and Herzegovina China EgyptTwo Egyptian women shopping at a market next to the Al-Ghouri Complex in Cairo, Egypt. Hong Kong Israel IndiaLaad Bazaar near Charminar, Hyderabad, India Iran Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan FYRofMacedonia Pakistan Serbia (Sandžak) Sri Lanka Syria Turkmenistan Turkey Uzbekistan See also

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