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    * Azoddoleh *

    Panah Khosrau,Fana Khosrau

    عضدالوله ، عضدالدوله پناه خسرو،ابوشجاع فناخسرو

    Azoddoleh (September 24, 936?, March 26, 983?) was an emir of the Booyeh dynasty in Iran and Iraq. He is widely regarded as the greatest emir of the dynasty.The son of Roknoddoleh, Panah Khosrau was given the title of Azoddoleh by the Abbasid caliph in 948 when he was made emir of Fars after the death of his childless uncle Emadoddoleh, after which Roknoddoleh became the senior emir of the Booyeh Dynasty. In 974 Azoddoleh was sent by his father to crush a rebellion by his cousin Ezzoddoleh. After defeating his cousin's forces, he claimed the emirate of Iraq for himself, angering his father, though he would become the senior emir after the death of his father.Azoddoleh became emir of Iraq while the capital of Baghdad was suffering from violence and instability owing to sectarian conflict. In order to bring peace and stability to the city, he ordered the banning of public demonstrations and polemics. At the same time, he patronized a number of Shiite scholars such as al-Mufid, and he sponsored the renovation of a number of important Shiite shrines.In addition, Azoddoleh is credited with sponsoring and patronizing other scientific projects during his time. An observatory was built by his orders in Isfahan. Al-Muqaddasi also reports of a great dam built under his orders between Shiraz and Istakhr in 960 CE. The dam irrigated some 300 villages in Fars province and became known as Band-I Emir (Amir Dam) . Among his other major constructions was the digging of the Haffar channel, that joined the Karoon River to the Arvand Rood ( Shattol-Arab river) The port of Khorramshahr is built on the Haffar, at its joining point with the Arvand Rood.Azoddoleh kept his court in Shiraz. He visited Baghdad frequently and kept some of his ministers there. He had a Christian minister Nasr Ibn-Harun. Under him, the kingdom prospered. His policies were liberal there were less riots during his reign. He embellished Baghdad with numerous public buildings he built the famous public Azodi hospital where the great Iranian scientist Zakaria Razi spent practiced.Azoddoleh died in 982/983 and was buried in Najaf. After his death, his elder son Sharafoddoleh became the governor of Fars and Kerman but a fight broke out among four other brothers that finally led to destruction of their dynasty.

    Tags:Abbasid, Arab, Arvand, Arvand Rood, Azoddoleh, Azodi, Baghdad, Booyeh, Christian, Dynasty, Emadoddoleh, Fars, Ibn, Iran, Iranian, Iraq, Isfahan, Karoon, Kerman, Khorramshahr, Khosrau, Najaf, Roknoddoleh, Sharafoddoleh, Shiite, Shiraz, Zakaria Razi

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