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    * Ayatollah Kashani *

    آیت‌الله سید ابوالقاسم مصطفوی کاشانی

    آیت الله کاشانی


    Pahlavi_Ayatollah_Kashani_Imam_Khomeini_1952.jpg
    Ayatollah Seyyed Abol-Ghasem Mostafavi Kashani (born 1882 in Tehran, Iran, died March, 14, 1962) was a prominent Shiite Muslim cleric and former Parliament Speaker of Iran.His father, Ayatollah Hajj Seyyed Mostafa Kashani was a noted Shiite clergyman of his time. Abol-Ghasem was trained in Shiite Islam by his religious parents and began study of the Quran soon after learning to read and write.At the age of 16, Abol-Ghasem went to Islamic seminary to study literature, Arabic language, logic, semantics and speech, as well as the principles of Islamic jurisprudence, or Fiqh. He continued his education at the seminary in Najaf in the Quran and Hadiths as interpreted in Shiite law, receiving his jurisprudence degree when he was 25.One of Kashani's children, Mahmoud Kashani, was head of the Iranian delegation to the International Court of Justice in The Hague, Netherlands, in Iran's case with the United States and a presidential candidate in the Iranian presidential elections of 1988 and 2005.Kashani was also a friend and mentor to future Supreme Leader Ruhollah Khomeini.Abol-Ghasem expressed Anti-capitalist leanings from early on in his career and opposed what he saw as "oppression, despotism and colonization." Because of these beliefs, he was especially popular with the poor in Tehran. He also advocated the return of Islamic government to Iran, though this was most likely for political reasons.Due to nationalist positions, Ayatollah Kashani was arrested and exiled by the British and Soviets. He continued to oppose foreign, especially British, control of Iran's oil industry while in exile. After he returned from exile on 10 June 1950, he continued to protest. Angered by the fact that the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company paid Iran much less than it did the British, he organized a movement against it and was the "virtually alone among the leading Mulahs in joining" nationalist Prime Minister Mohammed Mosaddegh, in his campaign to nationalize the Iranian oil industry in 1951. Kashani served as speaker of the Majlis (Parliament), during the oil nationalization and 1953 coup.Political allies against the Shah and the British at first, Kashani and Mosaddegh parted ways in 1953 after the emergency powers granted to Mosaddegh by the Majlis were extended for 12 months and Mosaddegh instituted secular reforms. By withholding his support, Kashani played a crucial role in the success of the 1953 Iranian coup d'état that overthrew Mosaddegh. Following his break with Mosaddegh, he gave support to his former adversary, Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and even declared that Mosaddegh deserved to be executed because he had committed the ultimate offense: rebelling against the shah, `betraying` the country, and repeatedly violating the sacred law." Curiously, despite his assistance in the 1953 coup, Kashani is often portrayed as a victim of the coup, in the Islamic Republic of Iran today (Wikipedia) - Abol-Ghasem Kashani   (Redirected from Ayatollah Kashani) Abol-Ghasem Kashani Chairman of the Parliament of Iran Monarch Prime Minister Preceded by Succeeded by Personal details Born Died Nationality Political party Religion
    In office 7 August 1952 – 12 March 1953
    Mohammad-Reza Pahlavi
    Mohammad Mosaddegh
    Mohammad-Reza Hekmat
    Hassan Emami
    1882 Tehran, Iran
    March 14, 1962 Tehran, Iran
    Iranian
    National Front
    Shia Islam

    Ayatollah Seyyed Abol-Ghasem Mostafavi Kashani (Persian: آیت‌الله سید ابوالقاسم مصطفوی کاشانی‎) (1882 in Tehran, Iran – 14 March 1962 in Tehran, Iran) was a prominent Twelver Shia Muslim cleric and former Chairman of the Parliament of Iran.

    Contents
    • 1 Early life
    • 2 Later life
      • 2.1 Personal life
      • 2.2 Political life
    • 3 See also
    • 4 References
    • 5 External links

    Early life

    His father, Ayatollah Hajj Seyyed Mostafavi Kashani (Persian: آیت‌الله حاج سید مصطفی کاشانی‎), was a noted clergyman of Shiism in his time. Abol-Ghasem was trained in Shia Islam by his religious parents and began study of the Quran soon after learning to read and write.

    At 16, Abol-Ghasem went to an Islamic seminary to study literature, Arabic language, logic, semantics and speech, as well as the principles of Islamic jurisprudence, or Fiqh. He continued his education at the seminary in an-Najaf in the Qur''an and Hadiths as interpreted in Shia law, receiving his jurisprudence degree when he was 25.

    Later life Personal life

    His son Mostafa died in an accident in 1955; the new prime minister, Hossein Ala'', escaped an assassination attempt at the funeral. According to British intelligence, around this time two of his sons were involved in a lucrative business buying and selling import-export licenses for restricted goods.

    One of Kashani''s children, Mahmoud Kashani, went on to become head of the Iranian delegation to the International Court of Justice in The Hague, Netherlands, in Iran''s case with the United States and a presidential candidate in the Iranian presidential elections of 1988 and 2005. His second son is Ahmad Kashani, a former member of Iranian parliament.

    Kashani is also the great grandfather of Iranian-American filmmaker Sam Ali Kashani.

    Political life

    Abol-Ghasem expressed Anti-capitalist leanings from early on in his career and opposed what he saw as "oppression, despotism and colonization." Because of these beliefs, he was especially popular with the poor in Tehran. He also advocated the return of Islamic government to Iran, though this was most likely for political reasons.

    Due to nationalist positions, Ayatollah Kashani was arrested and exiled by the British and Soviets. He continued to oppose foreign, especially British, control of Iran''s oil industry while in exile. After he returned from exile on 10 June 1950, he continued to protest. Angered by the fact that the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company paid Iran much less than it did the British, he organized a movement against it and was the "virtually alone among the leading mujtahids in joining" nationalist Prime Minister Mohammed Mosaddeq, in his campaign to nationalize the Iranian oil industry in 1951. Kashani served as speaker of the Majles (or lower house of Parliament), during the oil nationalization.

    Tags:1882, 1953 Iranian coup d'état, Ala, American, Anglo-Iranian, Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, Arabic, Ayatollah, Ayatollah Kashani, British, Hague, Hajj, Hossein Ala, International Court of Justice, Iran, Iranian, Islam, Islamic, Islamic Republic, Islamic Republic of Iran, Khomeini, Majlis, Mohammad Mosaddegh, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Mohammad-Reza, Mosaddegh, Muslim, Najaf, National Front, Netherlands, Pahlavi, Parliament, Persian, Prime Minister, Quran, Reza Pahlavi, Ruhollah Khomeini, Sam, Seyyed, Shah, Shia, Shia Islam, Shiism, Shiite, Supreme Leader, Tehran, United States, Wikipedia


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