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    * Alam *

    عّلّم


    Alamut_Ovan_Lake.jpg
    - Asadollah Alam Iranian politician. (Wikipedia) - Alam
    Look up alam in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
    This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2011)

    For the organization ALAM, see Association of Licensed Automobile Manufacturers

    Alam can be an Arabic surname or it can also mean flag, sign, or world.

    ContentsAl''am as flag or signShia Muslims take out an Alam procession on day of Ashura in Barabanki, India, Jan, 2009.alam of the Mughal Empire

    ''Alam means "flag" or "sign" in Arabic. In Egypt, it may refer to a stone heap set up to mark a path in the desert.

    ''Alam is also of spiritual significance for the Twelver Shia Muslims. Though all Shias including those of Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Lebanon, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Syria carry ''Alams in their processions in Ashura, the ones in India and Pakistan are specifically of a different kind and have more of a spiritual significance. An Alam with a "Panja" on top of it is considered to be a religious flag of Islam, and it is said to be carried by the Prophet Muhammed, Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Abbas ibn Ali during battles or expeditions. The battle of Karbala further glorifies its importance. An Alam is usually seen during Muharram processions and at designated sites in Shia Mosques.

    Historically, the Prophet''s family had a unique flag that represented the Bani Hashim clan in specific. One honorable member of the family would be chosen to carry this as a representation to others. Earlier it was green in color and was given to first Imam Ali ibn Abitalib by Prophet Mohammad himself, then Ali ibn Abitalib gave this Alam to his son Al Abbas ibn Ali who held this Alam till his last breath in the Battle of Karbala. After the event of Karbala, Alams during azadari procession are colored black or red.

    It is thought to have been a black drape on a wooden pole with an emblem on the top. The Alams of India and Pakistan usually have one that is a long wooden pole mounted with a silver or metal "Panja" (meaning a claw or palm of your hand). An ''Alam is usually seen during Muharram Processions and at designated sites in Shia Mosques today. Though there are Sufi shrines or mausoleums of Pirs that still have decorated ''Alams in Muharram in such cities as Karachi and Mumbai, this practice being performed by people other than Shia Muslims has subsided over the last two decades out of fears of attacks by Wahhabis. An example of people who still practice "Hosay" or a multicultural event on the tenth of Muharram and carry ''Alams can be found in Trinidad and Tobago. These Indians left India at a time when the Pir system was still in effect and this cross cultural event was still practiced without persecution.

    The practice of taking out Alam procession during the holy month of Moharram or any festival season is prevalent in India and Pakistan when hundreds of thousands of people come out on the streets holding the Alam in their hands. Alams taken out during celebration are usually green in color and the ones taken out during mourning procession are mostly either black or red in color, black signifies grief while red reminds of revenge for martyrs of Karbala still remaining. Alams in India and Pakistan are sometimes more than 20 feet in length.

    People who hold these Alams are referred as Alamdars (the Flag Bearers).

    Ālam as surname

    Ālam is commonly an Arabic surname.

    Ālam as a family name in Laqab (لقب) names

    As a Muslim laqab (لقب) name, Ālam often occurs as a joined names such as Ālameddin, Alameddine, Alamuddin, Alamettin, Alam Ed Din, Alam Ud Deen, Alam Ad Din, Alam Ud Din, ....etc. Din (Arabic:دين) or Deen refers to "way of life" or "code of life" and religion (in Islam). The difference in Latin spelling originates from westernization of the Arabic name into various European languages. The original spelling (علم الدين) remains the same when the Arabic script is being used.

    Instances

    Several notable people share the surname "Alam":

    All redirects People Places Names All redirects

    Tags:1882, Afghan, Afghanistan, Alam, Alborz, Arabia, Arabic, Ardeshir, Asadollah Alam, Ashura, Australian, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladeshi, British, Cairo, Egypt, Egyptian, Imam, Imam Ali, India, Iran, Irani, Iranian, Iraq, Islam, Karachi, Karbala, Kuwait, Lebanese, Lebanon, Mazandaran, Mazandaran Province, Moharram, Mozaffar Alam, Mughal, Mughal Empire, Muharram, Mumbai, Muslim, Pakistan, Pakistani, Prime Minister, Prime Minister of Iran, Prophet Mohammad, Saudi, Saudi Arabia, Sesame, Shia, Syria, Turkey, Wikipedia


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