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    1882


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    (Wikipedia) - 1882 This article is about the year 1882. Millennium: Centuries: Decades: Years:
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    1882 in other calendars
    Gregorian calendar 1882 MDCCCLXXXII
    Ab urbe condita 2635
    Armenian calendar 1331 ԹՎ ՌՅԼԱ
    Assyrian calendar 6632
    Bahá''í calendar 38–39
    Bengali calendar 1289
    Berber calendar 2832
    British Regnal year 45 Vict. 1 – 46 Vict. 1
    Buddhist calendar 2426
    Burmese calendar 1244
    Byzantine calendar 7390–7391
    Chinese calendar 辛巳年 (Metal Snake) 4578 or 4518     — to — 壬午年 (Water Horse) 4579 or 4519
    Coptic calendar 1598–1599
    Discordian calendar 3048
    Ethiopian calendar 1874–1875
    Hebrew calendar 5642–5643
    Hindu calendars
     - Vikram Samvat 1938–1939
     - Shaka Samvat 1804–1805
     - Kali Yuga 4983–4984
    Holocene calendar 11882
    Igbo calendar 882–883
    Iranian calendar 1260–1261
    Islamic calendar 1299–1300
    Japanese calendar Meiji 15 (明治15年)
    Juche calendar N/A
    Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
    Korean calendar 4215
    Minguo calendar 30 before ROC 民前30年
    Thai solar calendar 2425
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    Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1882.

    Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

    Events January–March
    • January 2
      • The Standard Oil Trust is secretly created in the United States to control multiple corporations set up by John D. Rockefeller and his associates.
      • Irish-born author Oscar Wilde arrives in the United States for an extended lecture tour; when asked by a customs official if he has anything to declare, he replies "I have nothing to declare but my genius" according to later tradition.
    • January 5 – Charles J. Guiteau is found guilty of the assassination of James A. Garfield (President of the United States), despite an insanity defense raised by his lawyer. He will be hanged on June 30.
    • February 3 – American showman P. T. Barnum acquires the elephant Jumbo from London Zoo.
    • March 2 – Roderick McLean fails in an attempt to assassinate Queen Victoria at Windsor.
    • March 20 – British gunboats enter Monrovia, with Arthur Havelock demanding that Liberia cede disputed territory to the British colony of Sierra Leone of which he is Governor.
    • March 22 – Polygamy is made a felony by the Edmunds Act passed by the United States Congress.
    • March 24 – Robert Koch announces the discovery of the bacterium responsible for tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis).
    • March 28
      • Republican Jules Ferry makes primary education in France free, non-clerical (laique) and obligatory.
      • German medical products company Beiersdorf is founded.
    • March 29 – The Knights of Columbus, a Catholic fraternal service organization, is founded in New Haven, Connecticut.
    April–June
    • April 3 – Old West outlaw Jesse James is shot in the back of the head and killed by Robert Ford.
    • May 2 – Charles Stewart Parnell is released.
    • May 6 – Phoenix Park Murders in Ireland: Lord Frederick Cavendish, the newly appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland, and Thomas Henry Burke, his Permanent Undersecretary, are fatally stabbed in Phoenix Park, Dublin, by members of the Irish National Invincibles (militant Irish republicans).
    • May 8 – The Chinese Exclusion Act is the first important law which restricts immigration into the U.S.A.
    • May 20 – The Triple Alliance is formed between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy.
    • June 6
      • A cyclone in the Arabian Sea causes flooding in Bombay harbor, leaving about 100,000 dead.
      • Battle of Embabo: The Shewan forces of Menelik II defeat the Gojjame army.
    • June 11 – The ‘Urabi Revolt breaks out in Egypt against Khedive Tewfik Pasha and European influence in that country.
    • June 28 – Anglo-French Convention of 1882 signed marking territorial boundaries between Guinea and Sierra Leone.
    • June 30 – U.S. presidential assassin Charles Guiteau is hanged.
    July–September
    • July 11–13 – Anglo-Egyptian War: The British Mediterranean Fleet carries out the Bombardment of Alexandria, its forces capturing the city of Alexandria in Egypt and securing the Suez Canal.
    • July 26
      • Boers establish the republic of Stellaland in southern Africa.
      • Richard Wagner''s opera Parsifal debuts at the Bayreuth Festspielhaus in Bavaria.
    • July 31 – The Hebrew Moshava of Rishon LeZion is founded.
    • August 3 – The U.S. Congress passes the 1882 Immigration Act.
    • August 5 – Standard Oil of New Jersey is established.
    • August 18 – The Married Women''s Property Act 1882 receives royal assent in Britain; it enables women to buy, own and sell property and to keep their own earnings.
    • August 20 – Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky''s 1812 Overture debuts in Moscow.
    • September 4 – Thomas Edison flips the switch to the first commercial electrical power plant in history, lighting one square mile of lower Manhattan. This is considered by many as the day that began the electrical age.
    • September 5
      • The first United States Labor Day parade is held in New York City.
      • Tottenham Hotspur F.C. is founded (as Hotspur F.C.)
    • September 13 – Anglo-Egyptian War: British troops occupy Cairo, and Egypt becomes a British protectorate.
    Photograph of the comet as seen from Cape Town by David Gill
    • September 18 – Great Comet of 1882: Her Majesty''s Astronomer at the Cape, David Gill, reported watching the comet rise a few minutes before the Sun and described it as "The nucleus was then undoubtedly single, and certainly rather under than over 4″ in diameter; in fact, as I have described it, it resembled very much a star of the 1st magnitude seen by daylight."
    October–December
    • October 5 – The Society for Ethical Culture of Chicago – (the modern-day Ethical Humanist Society of Chicago) is founded by Felix Adler.
    • October 14 – The University of the Punjab is founded in modern-day Pakistan.
    • October 16 – The New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad ("Nickel Plate Road") runs its first trains over the entire system between Buffalo, New York, and Chicago. Nine days later the Seney Syndicate sells the road to William Henry Vanderbilt for US$7.2 million.
    • November 14 – Franklin Leslie shoots Billy Claiborne dead in the streets of Tombstone, Arizona.
    • November 16 – The British Royal Navy''s HMS Flirt destroys Abari village in Niger.
    • December 6 – A transit of Venus, the last until 2004, occurs.
    • December – Zikhron Ya''akov is founded in northern Israel.
    Date unknown
    • Nikola Tesla claims this was when he conceived the rotating magnetic field principle he later used to invent his induction motor.
    • First International Polar Year, an international scientific program, begins.
    • Ferdinand von Lindemann publishes his proof of the transcendentality of pi.
    • Zulu king Cetshwayo kaMpande returns to South Africa.
    • A peace treaty is signed between Paraguay and Uruguay.
    • Pogroms in Southern Russia end.
    • The British Chartered Institute of Patent Agents is founded (now called Chartered Institute of Patent Attorneys).
    • Redruth Mining School opens in Cornwall.
    • The Personal Liberty League is established to oppose the temperance movement in the United States.
    • Carolyn Merrick is elected president of the Woman''s Christian Temperance Union.
    • St Andrew''s Ambulance Association in Glasgow, Scotland, and St. John Ambulance in Canada are founded.
    • Édouard Manet exhibits his painting A Bar at the Folies-Bergère at the Paris Salon.
    • Founding of:
      • Waterloo Rugby Club
      • Albion Rovers F.C. (through the amalgamation of two Coatbridge clubs, Albion and Rovers)
      • Queens Park Rangers F.C.
      • Burnley F.C.
      • Thames Ditton Lawn Tennis Club
      • Glentoran F.C.
    Births January–March
    • January 6
    • January 12 – Milton Sills, American stage & film actor (d. 1930)
    • January 13 – Alois Hitler, Jr., Austrian elder half-brother of Adolf Hitler (d. 1956)
    • January 17
      • Arnold Rothstein, Jewish-American gangster (d. 1928)
      • Noah Beery, American actor (d. 1946)
    • January 18 – A. A. Milne, British author (d. 1956)
    • January 20 – Johnny Torrio, Italian-born American gangster (d. 1957)
    • January 25 – Virginia Woolf, English writer (d. 1941)
    • January 30 – Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States (d. 1945)
    • January 31
      • Fritz Leiber, Sr., American stage and screen actor (d. 1949)
      • J. Homer Tutt, American vaudeville producer and performer (d. 1951)
    • February 1 – Louis Stephen St. Laurent, 12th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1973)
    • February 2
      • James Joyce, Irish author (d. 1941)
      • Anne Bauchens, American film editor worked for 40 years with Cecil B. DeMille (d. 1967)
    • February 4 – E. J. Pratt, Canadian poet (d. 1964)
    • February 8 – Thomas Selfridge, United States Army officer and first person killed in airplane crash (d. 1908)
    • February 11 – Valli Valli, Broadway actress (d. 1927)
    • February 14 – George Jean Nathan, American literary critic (d. 1958)
    • February 15 – John Barrymore, American actor (d. 1942)
    • February 22 – Eric Gill, British sculptor and writer (d. 1940)
    • February 26 – Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (d. 1968)
    • February 28 – Geraldine Farrar, American soprano (d. 1967)
    • March 6 – F. Burrall Hoffman, American architect (d. 1980)
    • March 8 – Alfred A. Cunningham, American aviator, the first United States Marine Corps aviator (d. 1939)
    • March 14 – Wacław Sierpiński, Polish mathematician (d. 1969)
    • March 15 – James Lightbody, American middle distance runner (d. 1953)
    • March 18 – Gian Francesco Malipiero, Italian composer (d. 1973)
    • March 22 – John W. Wilcox, Jr., American admiral (d. 1942)
    • March 23 – Emmy Noether, German mathematician (d. 1935)
    • March 26 – Hermann Obrecht, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1940)
    • March 30 – Melanie Klein, Viennese child psychoanalyst (d. 1960)
    April–June
    • April 7 – Kurt von Schleicher, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1934)
    • April 17 – Artur Schnabel, Polish pianist (d. 1951)
    • April 18
      • Isabel J. Cox, wife of Canadian prime minister Arthur Meighen (d. 1985)
      • Leopold Stokowski, English conductor (d. 1977)
      • Monteiro Lobato, Brazilian writer (d. 1948)
    • April 19 – Getúlio Vargas, president of Brazil (d. 1954)
    • April 21 – Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1961)
    • April 24 – Hugh Dowding, commander of the RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain (d. 1970)
    • April 29 – H.N. Werkman, Dutch artist and printer (d. 1945)
    • May 5 – Sylvia Pankhurst, suffragette (d. 1960)
    • May 6 – Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany, heir-apparent of Emperor Wilhelm II (d. 1951)
    • May 9
      • Henry J. Kaiser, American industrialist (d. 1967)
      • George Barker, American painter (d. 1965)
    • May 13 – Georges Braque, French painter (d. 1963)
    • May 19 – Mohammad Mosaddegh, Iranian prime minister (d. 1967)
    • May 20 – Sigrid Undset, Norwegian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1949)
    • May 25 – Marie Doro, American stage & silent film actress (d. 1956)
    • May 26 – Roderick McMahon, American professional boxing and wrestling promoter (d. 1954)
    • May 30 – Wyndham Halswelle, British runner (d. 1915)
    • June 9 – Robert Kerr, Canadian sprinter (d. 1963)
    • June 10 – Nevile Henderson, British diplomat (d. 1942)
    • June 15 – Ion Antonescu, Romanian prime minister and dictator (d. 1946)
    • June 17
      • Igor Stravinsky, Russian composer (d. 1971)
      • Adolf Friedrich VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1918)
    • June 28 – Valeska Suratt, stage actress & silent film star (d. 1962)
    July–September
    • July 1 – Bidhan Chandra Roy, Indian physician and politician, Chief Minister of West Bengal (d. 1962)
    • July 8 – Percy Grainger, Australian composer (d. 1962)
    • July 17 – James Somerville, British admiral (d. 1949)
    • July 22 – Edward Hopper, American painter (d. 1967)
    • July 24 – Lynn Thorndike, American historian of Medieval science and alchemy (d. 1965)
    • July 25 – George S. Rentz, United States Navy Chaplain and Navy Cross winner (d. 1942)
    • July 27 – Geoffrey de Havilland, British aviation pioneer and aircraft company founder (d. 1965)
    • August 11 – Rodolfo Graziani, Italian General (d. 1955)
    • August 14 – Gisela Richter, English art historian (d. 1972)
    • August 16 – Christian Mortensen, Oldest verified male ever at the time of his death (d. 1998)
    • August 19 – MacGillivray Milne, United States Navy Captain and the 27th Governor of American Samoa (d. 1959)
    • August 22
      • Raymonde de Laroche, French aviatrix, the first woman to receive an aviator ''​s license (d. 1919)
      • Madame de Meuron, famed Swiss noble lady and eccentric from Bern (d. 1980)
    • August 25 – Seán T. O''Kelly, second President of Ireland (d. 1966)
    • August 26 – James Franck, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1964)
    • September 13 – Ramón Grau, Cuban president (d. 1969)
    • September 16 – Robert Hichens, Titanic Quartermaster, man at the wheel when Titanic hit the iceberg (d. 1940)
    • September 12 – Ion Agârbiceanu, a Romanian writer, journalist, politician and priest
    • September 22 – Wilhelm Keitel, German field marshal (d. 1946)
    • September 30 – George Bancroft, American Hollywood film actor (d. 1956)
    October–December
    • October 3 – A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter (d. 1974)
    • October 5 – Robert H. Goddard, American rocket scientist (d. 1945)
    • October 6 – Karol Szymanowski, Polish composer (d. 1937)
    • October 14
      • Éamon de Valera, Taoiseach and third President of Ireland (d. 1975)
      • Charlie Parker, English cricketer (d. 1959)
    • October 17 – Giulio Gavotti, Italian aviator (d. 1939)
    • October 20 – Bela Lugosi, Hungarian-born actor (d. 1956)
    • October 24 – Sybil Thorndike, British stage & film actress (d. 1976)
    • October 25 – Florence Easton, English opera soprano (d. 1955)
    • October 30
      • William Halsey, Jr., American admiral (d. 1959)
      • Günther von Kluge, German field marshal (d. 1944)
    • November 6 – Thomas Ince, film producer (d. 1924)
    • November 8 – Ethel Clayton, silent screen star (d. 1966)
    • November 11 – King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (d. 1973)
    • November 15 – Felix Frankfurter, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court (d. 1965)
    • November 18 – Jacques Maritain, Catholic philosopher (d. 1973)
    • November 20 – Ethel May Halls, American theatrical and film actress (d. 1967)
    • November 22 – Leonie von Meusebach–Zesch, Pioneer dentist (d. 1944)
    • November 29 – Henri Fabre, inventor of the first seaplane, the Fabre Hydravion (d. 1984)
    • December 9
      • Percy C. Mather, English Protestant missionary (d. 1933)
      • Joaquín Turina, Spanish composer (d. 1949)
    • December 11
      • Subramanya Bharathi, Tamil Indian poet (d. 1921)
      • Max Born, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
    • December 16
      • Zoltán Kodály, Hungarian composer (d. 1967)
      • Jack Hobbs, English cricketer (d. 1963)
      • Walther Meissner, German technical physicist (d. 1974)
    • December 18 – Richard Maury, American naturalized Argentine engineer (d. 1950)
    • December 23 – Mokichi Okada, Japanese Religious (d. 1955)
    • December 31 – Martin O''Meara, Australian soldier (d. 1935)
    Deaths January–June
    • January 7 – Ignacy Łukasiewicz, Polish pharmacist and inventor of the first method of distilling kerosene from seep oil, creator of the first oil lamp (b. 1822)
    • January 6 – Richard Henry Dana, Jr., founder of Dana Point, CA (b. 1815)
    • January 13 – Juraj Dobrila, Croatian bishop (b. 1812)
    • February 6 – J. J. McCarthy, Irish architect (b. 1817)
    • March 9 – Giovanni Lanza, Italian politician (b. 1810)
    • March 19 – Carl Robert Jakobson, Estonian writer, politician and teacher (b. 1841)
    • March 24 – Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American author (b. 1807)
    • April 3 – Jesse James, American Western outlaw (b. 1847)
    • April 10 – Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English poet and painter (b. 1828)
    • April 11 – John Lenthall, American naval architect and shipbuilder (b. 1807)
    • April 12 – Henri Giffard, French balloonist and aviation pioneer (b. 1825)
    • April 17
      • George Jennings, English sanitary engineer (b. 1801)
      • Antonio Fontanesi, Italian painter (b. 1818)
    • April 19 – Charles Darwin, British naturalist (b. 1809)
    • April 25 – Johann Karl Friedrich Zöllner, German astrophysicist (b. 1834)
    • April 27 – Ralph Waldo Emerson, American philosopher and writer (b. 1803)
    • May 5 – John Rodgers, American admiral (b. 1812)
    • June 2 – Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian patriot (b. 1807)
    • June 3 – Christian Wilberg, German painter (b. 1839)
    • June 25
      • François Jouffroy, French sculptor (b. 1806)
      • Mikhail Skobelev, Russian general (b. 1843)
    • June 30
      • Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman (b. 1827)
      • Charles J. Guiteau, American preacher, writer, lawyer, assassin of James A. Garfield (executed) (b. 1841)
    July–December
    • July 4 – Joseph Brackett, American Shaker religious leader and composer (b. 1797)
    • July 7 – Mikhail Skobelev, Russian general (b. 1843)
    • July 16 – Mary Todd Lincoln, First Lady of the United States (b. 1818)
    • July 20 – Fanny Parnell, Irish poet and founder of the Ladies'' Land League (b. 1848)
    • August 16 – Auguste-Alexandre Ducrot, French general (b. 1817)
    • August 25 – Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald, Estonian writer and physician (b. 1803)
    • August 31 – Pedro Luiz Napoleão Chernoviz, Brazilian physician, writer and publisher (b. 1812)
    • September 8 – Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (b. 1809)
    • September 16 – Edward Bouverie Pusey, British churchman (b. 1800)
    • September 30 – José Milla y Vidaurre, Guatemalan writer (b. 1822)
    • November 7 – Julius Hübner, German painter (b. 1806)
    • November 14 – Billy Claiborne, American gunfighter (b. 1860)
    • December 3 – Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1811)
    • December 6
      • Alfred Escher, Swiss politician, railroad entrepreneur (b. 1819)
      • Louis Blanc, French politician and historian (b. 1811)
      • Anthony Trollope, British novelist and postal service official (b. 1815)
    • December 18 – Henry James, Sr., American theologian (b. 1811)
    • December 21 – Francesco Hayez, Italian painter (b. 1791)
    • December 31 – Léon Gambetta, French statesman (b. 1838)
    Date unknown
    • Eugénie Luce, French educator (b. 1804)

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