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Vivana

ویوانا


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Vivana: Persian satrap (governor) of Arachosia in 521 BCE who was appointed by king Cambyses (530-522) and was loyal to the deceased king's relative Dariush the Great. According to Behistun Inscription:King Dariush says: That Vahyazdata, who called himself Smerdis, sent men to Arachosia against a Persian named Vivana, my servant, the satrap of Arachosia. He appointed a certain man to be their leader, and thus he spoke to him, saying: 'Go smite Vivana and the host which acknowledges king Dariush!'Then that army that Vahyazdata had sent marched against Vivana to give him battle. At a fortress called Kapisha-kanish they fought the battle. Ahuramazda brought me help; by the grace of Ahuramazda my army utterly overthrew that rebel host. On the thirteenth day of the month Anamaka was the battle fought by them.King Dariush says: The rebels assembled a second time and went out against Vivana to give him battle. At a place called Gandutava they fought a battle. Ahuramazda brought me help; by the grace of Ahuramazda my army utterly overthrew that rebel host. On the seventh day of the month Viyaxana the battle was fought by them. King Dariush says: The man who was commander of that army that Vahyazdata had sent forth against Vivana fled thence with a few horsemen. They went to a fortress in Arachosia called Arshada. Then Vivana with the army marched after them on foot. There he seized him, and he slew the men who were his chief followers. King Dariush says: Then was the province mine. This is what was done by me in Arachosia.

Tags:Anamaka, Arachosia, Behistun Inscription, Cambyses, Dariush, Dariush the Great, Gandutava, Persian, Smerdis, Vahyazdata, Vivana, Viyaxana




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