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Romania

Rumania

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Romania is a country in southeastern Europe.Historically known as Dacia, Romania was formed in 1862 by the unification of Moldavia and Walachia. During World War I, it sided with the Allies and doubled its territory in 1918 with the addition of Transylvania, Bukovina, and Bessarabia. Allied with Germany in World War II, it was occupied by Soviet troops in 1944 and became a satellite country of the U.S.S.R. in 1948. During the 1960s Romania's foreign policy was frequently independent of the Soviet Union's. The communist regime of Nicolae Ceauşescu was overthrown in 1989. On Dec, 18, 1989, Ceauşescu departed for a visit to Iran, leaving the duty of crushing the revolt to his subordinates and his wife. Upon his return on the evening of Dec, 20, the situation became even tenser. On Christmas Day, Dec, 25, he and his wife were sentenced to death by a military court on charges ranging from illegal gathering of wealth to genocide, and were executed by a firing squad.Free elections were held in 1990. In the 1990s Romania struggled with rampant corruption and organized crime but entered the 21st century with a rather stable economy. (Wikipedia) - Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea. Romania shares a border with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and Moldova to the northeast and east, and Bulgaria to the south. At 238,391 square kilometers (92,043 sq mi), Romania is the ninth largest country of the European Union by area, and has the seventh largest population of the European Union with 21.5 million people. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, the sixth largest city in the EU with about two million people. The Kingdom of Romania emerged when the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia were united under Prince Alexander John Cuza in 1859. Independence from the Ottoman Empire was declared on May 9, 1877, and was internationally recognized the following year. At the end of World War I, Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia united with the Kingdom of Romania. Greater Romania emerged into an era of progression and prosperity that would continue until World War II. By the end of the War, many north-eastern areas of Romania's territories were occupied by the Soviet Union, and Romania forcibly became a socialist republic and a member of the Warsaw Pact. With the fall of the Iron Curtain and the 1989 Revolution, Romania began to transition towards democracy and a capitalist market economy. After a decade of post-revolution economic problems, extensive reforms fostered economic recovery and the country joined the European Union on 1 January 2007. Romania is now an upper middle-income country with high human development and relatively high standards of living. Romania joined NATO on 29 March 2004, and is also a member of the Latin Union, of the Francophonie, of the OSCE and of the United Nations, as well as an associate member of the CPLP. Today, Romania is a unitary semi-presidential republic, in which the executive branch consists of the President and the Government. Romania This article is about the modern country. For other uses, see Romania (disambiguation). Rom

Tags:Dacia, Danube, EU, European Union, Germany, Hungary, Iran, NATO, Ottoman, Ottoman Empire, President, Romania, Serbia, Soviet, Soviet Union, Ukraine, United Nations, Warsaw, Wikipedia, World War I, World War II




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