Collective Iranian Culturebase

Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Search Engine(β):

Nazi

نازی


Qajar_Mohtashamossaltaneh_Hitler_Berlin_1937.jpg
Nazi Party: German political party of National Socialism. (NSDAP)
Founded in 1919 as the German Workers' Party, it changed its name to the National Socialist German Workers' Party when Adolf Hitler became leader (1920-21). The nickname Nazi was taken from the first word of its full name, NAtionalso ZIalistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei. The party grew from its home base in Bavaria and attracted members from disaffected elements throughout Germany. It organized strong-arm groups (later the SA) to protect its rallies. Though the failed Beer Hall Putsch diminished the party's influence, the effects of the Great Depression brought millions of new members, and in 1932 the party became the largest bloc in the Reichstag.
After Hitler was named chancellor in 1933, he obtained passage of the Enabling Act, and his government declared the Nazi party to be the only political party in Germany and required bureaucrats to become members. The party controlled virtually all activities in Germany until Germany's defeat in World War II (1945), after which the party was banned.
Many of Nazi leaders were later put on trial in Nuremberg courts, location of Allied trials of war criminals from 1945 to 1946. The International Military Tribunal which was established by the U.S., Britain, France, and the Soviet Union became the main core of the UN Security Council. After 216 court sessions, 3 of the original 22 defendants were acquitted, , 4 were sentenced to prison for terms of 10 to 20 years, 3 were sentenced to life imprisonment, and 12 were sentenced to death by hanging. Hermann Göring committed suicide before he could be executed, and Martin Bormann was convicted in absentia.



See also items containing :Nazi

Related History Articles:

Add definition or comments on Nazi

Your Name / Alias:
E-mail:
Definition / Comments
neutral points of view
Source / SEO Backlink:
Anti-Spam Check
Enter text above
Upon approval, your definition will be listed under: Nazi





Happy Norooz 1393

Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
Copyright @ 2004-2013 fouman.com All Rights Iranian