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Mirza

میرزا


Qajar_Zellolsoltan_Masood_Mirza.jpg
A title meaning prince, the son of a Mir (Amir) (Wikipedia) - Mirza Indo-Persian Royal and Noble Ranks
Emperor or High King : Sultan, Shahanshah, Padishah
King : Sultan, Shah
Imperial or Royal Prince : Shahzada, Mirza
Noble Prince : Mirza, Sahibzada
Nobleman: Nawab, Baig, Nawabzada, Nizam
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Mirza (Persian and Kurdish: میرزا; Turkish: Merza or Mirza; Arabic: مرزا or المرزا; Uzbek: mirzo; Russian: мурза; Circassian: мырзэ) (common variance in Tatar nobility as Morza) is a title of Persian origin, denoting the rank of a high nobleman or Prince. It is usually translated into English as a royal or imperial Prince of the Blood. It signified male-line descent and relationship to the Imperial Families of Turkey, Persia and later South Asia and was the title borne by members of the highest aristocracies in Tatar states, such as the Khanates of Kazan and Astrakhan.

Under Catherine the Great, empress of Russia, the Murzas gained equal rights with the Russian nobility. Abdul Mirza was given the title Prince Yusupov, and his descendant Prince Felix Yusupov married a niece of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia.

ContentsEtymology

The word Mīrzā is derived from the Persian term ‘Amīrzāde which literally means "child of the ‘Amīr" or "child of the ruler" in Persian. ‘Amīrzād in turn consists of the Arabic title ‘Amīr (engl. Emir), meaning "commander", and the Persian suffix -zād, meaning "birth" or "lineage". Due to vowel harmony in Turkic languages, the alternative pronunciation Morza (plural morzalar; derived from the Persian word) is also used.

Variant spellings in English include miriza, mirize, morsey, mursay, murse, meirsa, mirzey, mursi, murze, murza, mirza, myrza, meerza.

History Persian Kingdom

The titles themselves were given by the Kings, Sultans and Emperors (equivalent to the western Fount of honour) to their sons and grandsons, or even distant kins. Noblemen loyal to the kings also received this Title, although their usage differed. Aristocratic families (royal descent) from South Asia and individuals descended from the Persian nobility have 'Mirza' in their name.

The title itself came from the title emir. Emir, meaning "commander", -derived from the Semitic root Amr, "command". Originally simply meaning commander or leader, usually in reference to a group of people. It came to be used as a title of governors or rulers, usually in smaller states, and usually renders the English word "prince. Amir Sadri." The word entered English in 1595, from the French émir.

South AsiaMirzas of the Mughal imperial family, 1878

Mirza was given to imperial prince; a title or part of a name implying relationship to the Turk dynasties like Mughal dynasty (the Imperial House of Timur). But in Indian royal families, the title can be placed both before the name and after it, such as Prince Mirza Mughal and Prince Kamran Mirza. Prince Khusrau Mirza was the grandson of Emperor Babur (Babur Mirza), son of Emperor Jahangir and a brother of Emperor Shah Jahan. Emperor Akbar Shah II was Prince Mirza Akbar before his coronation. Emperor Babur took the imperial title of Padishah on 6 March 1508, before which he used the title Mirza.

Because the Bengali language has no phoneme /z/, Mirza has the local form Mridha (from Mirdhjah) in Bengal and Bihar.

Rulers of India included:

The Imperial Family of Hindustan

Further information: Mughal Emperors

Mughal pretenders:

The Royal Family of Bengal

The Royal Family of Awadh

The Royal Family of Berar

Notable Mirzas Nobility Religion Government Military Advocate

Aamir Hameed Mirza, Advocate - British Immigration and Nationality Laws Practitioner

Academics and literature Sport

Tags:Abbas Mirza, Ahmad Shah, Arabic, Asia, Austrian, Babur, Beg, Bengal, Bengali, British, Community, Dara, Diwan, Farman, French, Gilan, Gilan Province, Governor, India, Islamic, Islamic Republic, Jungle Movement, Kamran Mirza, Khan, Kurdish, Malek, Mass'oud Mirza Zell-e Soltan, Mir, Mirza, Mughal, Najaf, Pakistan, Persia, Persian, President, Prime Minister, Qajar, Quli, Russia, Russian, Semitic, Shah, Shah Jahan, Shahanshah, Sultan, Tatar, Tsar, Turk, Turkey, Urdu, Uzbek, Wikipedia





See All 11 items matching Mirza in Media Gallery

Qajar,king Mozaffaroddin Shah and his son Prince Mohammad Ali Mirza (probably) Mozaffaroddin Shah is credited with creation of Iranian constitution, 10 days after signing the Constitutional Monarchy into law , he died because of poor health.
Qajar Prince Ahmad Mirza, last Shah of Qajar dynasty in 1908 in a garden in Tehran. The reverse stamp on this postcard, as the sad look in this kids eyes who is holding on to a cane make this photo very precious.
Eleven year old Qajar Prince Ahmad Mirza Shah. Ahmad Shah succeeded his father Mohammad Ali Shah to the throne after he sought refugee at the Russian embassy on July, 16, 1909; to become the last Qajar ruler of Iran.
Mirza Hossein Gholikhan, titled Sadrossaltaneh was the first Persian ambassador to New York 1909-1915 seen with his wife. He became famous as Haji Washington after he made headlines by sacrificing a lamb at Waldorf Hotel balcony!
Haji Mirza Aghasi was the grand vezir of Mohammad Shah of Qajar dynasty
Aminossoltan/ Mirza Ali Asghar Khan Atabak

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