Collective Iranian Culturebase

Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Search Engine(β):

Mirza

میرزا


Qajar_Zellolsoltan_Masood_Mirza.jpg
A title meaning prince, the son of a Mir (Amir)
(Wikipedia) - Mirza, is of Persian origin, denoting the rank of a high nobleman or Prince. It is usually translated into English as a royal or imperial Prince of the Blood. It signified male-line descent and relationship to the Imperial Families of India, Turkey and Persia and was the title borne by members of the highest aristocracies in Tatar states, such as Khanate of Kazan, Khanate of Astrakhan and in the Russian Empire (Under Catherine the Great's rule the Murzau2019s gained equal rights with the Russian nobility). In fact, Prince Felix Yusupov, the nephew-in-law of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia was descended from Abdul Mirza, the first Prince Yusopov. The word Mu012Brzu0101 is derived from the Persian term u2018Amu012Brzu0101de which literally means "child of the u2018Amu012Br" or "child of the ruler" in Persia. u2018Amu012Brzu0101d in turn consists of the Arabic title u2018Amu012Br, meaning "commander", and the Persian suffix -zu0101d, meaning "birth" or "lineage". Due to vowel harmony in Turkic languages, the alternative pronunciation Morza (plural morzalar; derived from the Persian word). Mirza Indo-Persian Royal and Noble Ranks
Emperor : Sultan, Shah
King : Sultan, Shah
Royal Prince : Shahzada, Mirza
Noble Prince : Mirza, Sahibzada
Nobleman: Nawab, Baig
This box:
  • view
  • talk
  • edit

Mirza (Persian: میرزا, Turkish: Mirza, Uzbek: mirzo, Russian: мурза, Circassian: мырзэ), (common variance in Tatar nobility as Morza) is of Persian origin, denoting the rank of a high nobleman or Prince. It is usually translated into English as a royal or imperial Prince of the Blood. It signified male-line descent and relationship to the Imperial Families of Turkey, Persia and later South Asia and was the title borne by members of the highest aristocracies in Tatar states, such as Khanate of Kazan, Khanate of Astrakhan and in the Russian Empire (Under Catherine the Great's rule the Murzas gained equal rights with the Russian nobility). In fact, Prince Felix Yusupov, the nephew-in-law of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia was descended from Abdul Mirza, the first Prince Yusopov.

Contents
  • 1 Etymology
  • 2 History
    • 2.1 Persian Kingdom
    • 2.2 South Asia
  • 3 Notable Mirzas
    • 3.1 Nobility
    • 3.2 Religion
    • 3.3 Government
    • 3.4 Military
    • 3.5 Advocate
    • 3.6 Academics and literature
    • 3.7 Sport
    • 3.8 Entertainment
  • 4 See also
  • 5 Further Study
  • 6 References
Etymology

The word Mīrzā is derived from the Persian term ‘Amīrzāde which literally means "child of the ‘Amīr" or "child of the ruler" in Persia‘Amīrzād in turn consists of the Arabic title ‘Amīr (engl. Emir), meaning "commander", and the Persian suffix -zād, meaning "birth" or "lineage". Due to vowel harmony in Turkic languages, the alternative pronunciation Morza (plural morzalar; derived from the Persian word) is also used.

History Persian Kingdom

The titles themselves were given by the Kings, Sultans and Emperors (equivalent to the western Fount of honour) to their sons and grandsons, or even distant kins. Noblemen loyal to the kings also received this Title, although their usage differed. Aristocratic families (royal descent) from South Asia and individuals descended from the Persian nobility have 'Mirza' in their name.

The title itself came from the title emir. Emir, meaning "commander", -derived from the Semitic root Amr, "command". Originally simply meaning commander or leader, usually in reference to a group of people. It came to be used as a title of governors or rulers, usually in smaller states, and usually renders the English word "prince. Amir Sadri." The word entered English in 1595, from the French émir.

South AsiaMirzas of the Mughal imperial family, 1878

Mirza was given to imperial prince; a title or part of a name implying relationship to the Turk dynasties like Mughal dynasty (the Imperial House of Timur). But in Indian royal families, the title can be placed both before the name and after it, such as Prince Mirza Mughal and Prince Kamran Mirza. Prince Khusrau Mirza was the grandson of Emperor Babur (Babur Mirza), son of Emperor Jahangir and a brother of Emperor Shah Jahan. Emperor Akbar Shah II was Prince Mirza Akbar before his coronation. Emperor Babur took the imperial title of Padishah on 6 March 1508, before which he used the title Mirza.

In the Indian subcontinent, especially Bengal and Bihar, the Mirzas are also known locally as the variant of Mridha (from Mirdhjah) usually due to the Bengali language not have a 'z' sounding alphabet. Mughal dynasty (the Imperial House of Timur "Sarai Mulk Khanam Qutubuddunniya wa Deen Amir Qutubuddin Taimur Baig Sahib-e-kiran).< Rulers of India included:

The Imperial Family of Hindustan

The Royal Family of Bengal

The Royal Family of Awadh

The Royal Family of Berar

Notable Mirzas Nobility Religion Government Military Advocate Academics and literature Sport Entertainment



See All 11 items matching Mirza in Media Gallery

Qajar,king Mozaffaroddin Shah and his son Prince Mohammad Ali Mirza (probably) Mozaffaroddin Shah is credited with creation of Iranian constitution, 10 days after signing the Constitutional Monarchy into law , he died because of poor health.
Qajar Prince Ahmad Mirza, last Shah of Qajar dynasty in 1908 in a garden in Tehran. The reverse stamp on this postcard, as the sad look in this kids eyes who is holding on to a cane make this photo very precious.
Eleven year old Qajar Prince Ahmad Mirza Shah. Ahmad Shah succeeded his father Mohammad Ali Shah to the throne after he sought refugee at the Russian embassy on July, 16, 1909; to become the last Qajar ruler of Iran.
Mirza Hossein Gholikhan, titled Sadrossaltaneh was the first Persian ambassador to New York 1909-1915 seen with his wife. He became famous as Haji Washington after he made headlines by sacrificing a lamb at Waldorf Hotel balcony!
Haji Mirza Aghasi was the grand vezir of Mohammad Shah of Qajar dynasty
Aminossoltan/ Mirza Ali Asghar Khan Atabak

See also items containing :Mirza

Related History Articles:

Add definition or comments on Mirza

Your Name / Alias:
E-mail:
Definition / Comments
neutral points of view
Source / SEO Backlink:
Anti-Spam Check
Enter text above
Upon approval, your definition will be listed under: Mirza





Happy Norooz 1393

Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
Copyright @ 2004-2013 fouman.com All Rights Iranian