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Kermanshah

Bakhtaran

کرمانشاه ، باختران


Kermanshah_Taghebostan_Pool.jpg
Kermanshah is a city West of Iran. Kermanshah is the capital city of Kermanshah (Bakhtaran) Province, located 525 km from Tehran in the western part of Iran and about 120 km from the border of Iraq. Kermanshah has a moderate and mountainous climate. Most residents are bilingual, speaking Persian with a Kermanshahi accent as a second language alongside their native Kurdish. The religion of most of the people is Shiite Islam. Given its antiquity, attractive landscapes and rich culture, Kermanshah is considered as one of the cradles of prehistoric cultures such as Neolithic villages. According to archaeological surveys and excavation, Kermanshah area has been occupied by prehistoric people since the Lower Paleolithic period, and continued to later Paleolithic periods till late Pleistocene period. The Lower Paleolithic evidence consists of some axes found in the Gakia area to the east of the city. The Middle Paleolithic remains have been found in the northern vicinity of the city in Tang-e Kenesht and near Taqh-e Bostan. The known Paleolithic caves in this area are Warwasi, Kobeh, and Do-Eshkaft. The region was also one of the first places in which human settlements including Asiab, Qazanchi, Tappeh Sarab, Chia Jani, and Ganj-Darreh were established between 8000-10.000 years ago. This is about the same time that the first potteries pertaining to Iran were made in Ganj-Darreh, near present-day Harsin. In May 2009, based on a research conducted by the University of Hamedan and UCL, the head of Archeology Research Center of Iran's Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization announced that the oldest prehistory village in the Middle East dating back to 9800 B.P., was discovered in Sahneh, located in west of Kermanshah.In ancient Iranian myths, construction of the city is attributed to Tahmoures Divband, the fabulous king of Pishdadian dynasty, however it is believed that the Sassanids have constructed Kermanshah. Bahram 4. called Kermanshah gave his name to this city. It was a glorious city in Sassanid period about the 4th century AD when it became the capital city and a significant health center serving as a summer resort for Sassanid kings. In A.D. 226, following a two-year war led by the Persian Emperor, Ardeshir 1., against Kurdish tribes in the region, the empire reinstated a local Kurdish prince, Kayus of Media, to rule Kermanshah. Within the dynasty known as the House of Kayus remained a semi-independent Kurdish kingdom lasting until A.D. 380 before Ardeshir 2. removed the dynasty's last ruling member.Kermanshah was conquered by the Arabs in A.D. 640. Under Seljuk rule in the eleventh century, it was a major cultural and commercial centre in Western Iran and the southern Kurdish region as a whole. The Safavids fortified the town, and the Qajars repulsed an attack by the Ottomans during Fathali Shah's rule. Kermanshah was occupied by Ottomans between 1723–1729 and 1731-1732.Occupied by the Turkish army in 1915 during World War I, it was evacuated in 1917. Kermanshah played an important role in the Iranian Ardeshir, Ardeshir 1, Bahram 4, Bakhtaran, Fathali Shah, Hamedan, Harsin, Iran, Iranian, Iraq, Islam, Kermanshah, Kurdish, Media, Middle East, Persian, Pishdadian, Sarab, Sassanid, Seljuk, Shah, Shiite, Tehran, World War I





See All 19 items matching Kermanshah in Media Gallery

Taq-e Bostan carvings, some of the finest and best-preserved examples of Persian sculpture under the Sassanian Empire, include glorious representations of the investitures of Ardeshir II (379–383) and Shapour III (383–388)
Taq-e Bostan rock relief from the Sassanid Empire of Persia, the dynasty which ruled western Asia from 226 to 650 AD located 5 km from the city of Kermanshah, western Iran, in the Zagros mountains enduring almost 1,700 years of wind and rain.
Hellenistic-era depiction of Parthian king Bahram (or Farhad) like Hercules carved in 153 B.C. The Parthian empire included the area between the Euphrates and Indus rivers and between the Amu Darya and the Persian Gulf.
The giganitic (200x40m) Farhad Tarash is an incomplete Sassanid relief in Kermanshah, Bisotoun Mountain. According to a legend in Shahnameh of Ferdowsi it's the witness of an ancient love story about Farhad who dug the mountain for his love Shirin.
Sassanid Taghebostan Relief Shapour 2 in crowning eremony of his son Shapour 3 .Tagh-e-Bostan and its rock relief are one of the 30 surviving Sassanid relics of the Zagros mountains.Figures of the two kings have been carved in silhouette.
Taghebostan Kermanshah: Embossed figures of Sassanid king of kings Ardeshir 1 during coronation ceremony of Ardeshir 2. Zoroastrian deity Mithra on the left is honoring the deal. Taghebostan rock reliefs is a well preserved Sassanid collection.
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